Sham Lal Vs. Iunion of India & Ors
 INSC 135 (16 August 1978)
REDDY, O. CHINNAPPA (J)
CITATION: 1978 AIR 1484 1979 SCR (1) 159
Punjab Excise Act 1914-Section 59(f)(v).
Punjab Liquor Licence Rules 1956 Rule37-Effect of Amendment by State
Haryana-Desirability of neighbouring states to follow uniform policy in regard
Rule 37 of the Punjab Liquor Licence Rules
1956 as amended by The State Haryana, made the Ist and 7th of every month a
holiday for liquor shops The petitioners assailed its validity.
Dismissing the writ petitions:
HELD: As Haryana and Punjab are neighboring
States, identical days of teetotalism have to be declared in both States
failing which the exercise in prohibition will prove futile, at least in the
border districts. If the days are different in the two States a massive trek of
the drinking population from the border districts of one Stale to the other
would ensue, thereby defeating the statuory purpose. [ 159H,160A-B] P. V.
Kaushal etc. v. Union of India etc.  I SCR 122, followed.
(For appearance refer to pages 125-126).
The Judgment of the Court was delivered by
KRISHNA IYER, J. The State of Haryana, like
the other States of India, has on its statute book a legislation for liquor
regulation and fiscal levy. In fact, it is the same as the Punjab Excise Act,
1914. To bring in progressive restriction in the sale of alcohol, rule 37 was
amended in Haryana making the 1st and the 7th of every month a holiday for
liquor shops. This rule and the statutory source of power to make rules,
namely, s. 59(f) (v) of the Punjab Excise Act, 1914, have been challenged
before us on a variety of grounds and we have heard counsel on both sides.
The arguments being identical with those
already considered by us in the Punjab batch of writ petitions that judgment
governs these cases also, and therefore we annex it to this judgment and we do
not think it necessary to launch on any additional discussion.
A few other submissions, which hardly merit
mention were made we do not deal with them.
one cautionary signal we would like to sound.
Haryana and Punjab are neighbouring States and unless identical days of
teetotalism 160 for the liquor shops are declared in both States, the exercise
in prohibition will prove futile, at least in the border districts. If the days
are different in the two States, there will be a massive trek of the drinking
population from the border districts of one State to the other., thus defeating
the statutory purpose. We hope that liquor lobby notwith standing, the State,
will streamline the 'dry' days in both the States.
For reasons given in writ petition Nos.
4021-4022 of` 78 etc., We dismiss the present batch of writ petitions with
costs. (One hearing fee) .
N.V.K. Petitions dismissed.