Khazan Singh & Ors Vs. Hukam Singh
& Ors  INSC 226 (21 September 1976)
KHANNA, HANS RAJ KHANNA, HANS RAJ UNTWALIA,
CITATION: 1977 AIR 2032 1977 SCR (1) 636 1977
SCC (3) 351
Writ jurisdiction--High Courts cannot
interfere with a finding of fact based upon the relevant circumstances and when
it is not shown to be perverse-Constitution of India Article 226.
The appellants raised an objection before the
consolidation authorities claiming joint tenancy with the respondents in
respect of khatas 150, 369 and 391, which was rejected except in respect of
khata 150. The respondents filed an appeal against the orders relating to khata
The appellants filed cross appeals in respect
of khata 369 and 391 and cross objection in respect of khata no. 150.
The Settlement Officer rejected the cross
appeals as time barred and allowed the respondents' appeal holding that the
appellants were not joint tenants in khata No. 150. Since the revision before
the Deputy Director of Consolidation failed, the appellants filed a writ
petition for a writ of certiorari, which was dismissed in limine.
Dismissing the appeal by certificate, the
HELD: The position in law is clear that the
High Court in a writ petition cannot interfere with a finding of fact as long
as that finding is based upon the relevant circumstances and is not shown to be
perverse. In the instant case, the finding of the Settlement Officer is
essentially .a finding of fact and was arrived at after consideration of the
relevant entries in the revenue records; the finding was not also interfered
with in revision and the. same cannot be interfered with in a writ petition.
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION: Civil Appeal
No. 1643 of 1968.
(From the Judgment and Order dated 19-8-1965
of the Allahabad High Court in CiVil Misc. Writ No. 5475/64).
A.K. Sen and E.C. Agarwala, for the
appellants M/s. J.P..Goyal & Pal Singh, for respondents Nos. 1--7. The
Judgment of the Court was delivered by KHANNA, J.--This appeal on certificate
is against the order of Allahabad High Court whereby that Court dismissed in
limine the writ petition filed by the appellants, seeking a writ of certiorari
to quash the order dated June 15, 1964 of the Settlement officer and the order
dated September 17, 1964 of the Deputy Director of Consolidation of Holdings.
The dispute between the parties relates to
khata No. 50. The appellants raised objection before the consolidation
authorities on the ground that they along with the respondents were joint
tenants in Khatas Nos. 150, 369 and 391. The Consolidation Officer rejected the
claims of the appellants in respect of khatas Nos. 369 and 391. He, however,
held that the appellants were joint tenants along with the respondents in
khata. No. 150. The respondents went up in appeal against the order of the
Consolidation Officer in so far as had held that the appellants were joint
tenants in khata No. 150 Cross-objections were filed by the appellants in
respect of the disallowance of their objection regarding khata Nos. 369 and
391. The 637 cross-objections of the appellants were dismissed by the
Settlement Officer on the ground that they were barred by time. So far as khata
No. 150 is concerned, the Settlement Officer held that the appellants were not
joint tenants in that khata. The appeal filed by the respondents was consequently
allowed and the objection filed by the appellants before the Consolidation
Officer was dismissed in toro. The order of the Settlement-Officer in this
respect is dated June 15, 1964. The appellants then went up in revision, but
the revision was dismissed by the Deputy Director of Consolidation as per order
dated September 17, 1964. The appellants thereafter filed the writ petition for
a writ of certiorari to quash the orders dated June 15, 1964 and September 17,
1964. The said petition, as stated above, was dismissed.
We have heard Mr. Sen on behalf of the
appellants and Mr. Goyal behalf of the respondents and are of the opinion that
there is no merit in this appeal. The question with which we are concerned is
whether the appellants are joint tenants in khata No. 150 along with the
respondents. In this respect we find that the Settlement Officer examined the
entries in the revenue records. It was found that so far as the land in dispute
is concerned, it was held in Fasli 1280 by Hriday Singh, who was the common
ancestor of the parties. In 1307 Fasli, Himmat Singh, an 'ancestor of the
appellants and Suraj Mall, an ancestor of the respondents, jointly held that
land. Subsequent to that, the land in dispute was held exclusively by the
respondents and their ancestors. The Settlement Officer inferred from these
circnmstances that subsequent to 1307 Fasli, there was some partition between
the parties or some other arrangement similar to partition, as a result of
which the land in dispute 'fell to the share of the respondents. As this
finding of the Settlement Officer is essentially a finding of fact and was
arrived at after consideration of the relevant entries in the revenue records,
the same cannot be interfered with in a writ petition. It may be that some
other view, and what according to Mr. Sen was a better view, could have been
arrived at on the facts, but the position in law is clear that the High Court
in a writ petition cannot interfere with a finding of fact as long as that
finding is based upon the relevant circumstances and is not shown to be
perverse. We find no such infirmity in the finding arrived at by the Settlement
Officer. The finding was not also interfered with when the appellants went up
in revision before the Deputy Director of Consolidation. The High Court in the
circumstances cannot be said to be in error in dismissing the writ petition in
We may add that Mr. Goyal during the course
of arguments has not disputed the proposition that the respondents are not
entitled to any share in the land which is exclusively held by the appellants
and is recorded exclusively in their.
names in the revenue records of 1346 Fasli.
As a result of the above, the appeal fails
and' is dismissed, but in the circumstances with no order as to costs.
S.R. Appeal dismissed.