State Of Maharashtra & ANR Vs.
Shri Chander Kant  INSC 272 (29 October 1976)
RAY, A.N. (CJ) RAY, A.N. (CJ) BEG, M.
HAMEEDULLAH KRISHNAIYER, V.R.
CITATION: 1977 AIR 148 1977 SCR (1) 993 1977
SCC (1) 257
Code of Civil Procedure, s. 80--Whether applicable
to suits filed under section 9(1) of the (M.P.) Public Trusts Act, 1951.
The respondent filed this suit against the
order of the Registrar of Public Trust, Amraoti, declaring the Ganjanan Maharaj
Sansthan of Mangrul---Dastagir to be a public trust.
The Additional District Judge's order
dismissing the suit, was Upheld in appeal by the Single judge of the High Court
on account of the respondent's failure to serve a notice under-section 80
C.P.C. Allowing a Letters Patent Appeal, a Full Bench of the High Court held
that s. 80 C.P.C. was not applicable to suits filed under-section 8 of the
(M.P.) Public Trusts Act, 1951.
Allowing the appeal, the Court
HELD: Section 8 of the Act indicates that the
suit contemplated there is against the public officer in his official capacity
within the meaning of Section 80 of the Code of Civil Procedure. The words
"Act purporting to be done in official capacity" apply to
non-feasance as well as to misfeasance. No distinction can be made between acts
done illegally and in bad faith and acts done bonafide in officia1 capacity.
[994 C, 995 D] Sawai Singhai Nirmal Chand v. Union of India  1 S.C.R. 986
Bhagchand Dagadusa v. Secretary of State for
India in Council and others (54 LA. 338), Prasaddas v. Bennerjee I.L.R.
 (57) Cal. 1127, applied.
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION: Civil Appeal
No. 1798 of 1968.
(From the Judgment and Decree dated 16.6.1966
of the Bombay High Court in Appeal No. 13/62) V.S. Desai & M.N. Shroff for
A.G. Ratnaparkhi, for the respondent.
The Judgment of the Court was delivered by
RAY, C.J.---This appeal by certificate is from the judgment dated 16 June, 1966
of the High Court at Bombay (Nagpur Bench).
The respondent filed this suit against the
State claiming that the order dated 1 March, 1955 in Revenue case declaring
Gajanan Maharaj Sansthan of Mangrul-Dastagir to be a public trust be set aside.
The plaint was filed under section 8 (1) of the Public Trust Act (M.P. Public
Trusts Act 1951) against the State of Madhya Pradesh and the Registrar of
Public Trust, Amraoti.
It is admitted by the parties that no notice
under section 80 of the Code of Civil Procedure was given. The defendants took
the plea that the suit was liable to be dismissed by reason of no notice under
section 80 of the Code of Civil Procedure having been given.
994 The Additional District Judge by his
order dated 26 March, 1957 held a notice under section 80 of the Code of Civil
Procedure was necessary and the suit was not maintainable and ordered the
dismissal of the Suit.
The respondent filed an appeal. The learned
Single Judge agreed with the view of the Additional District Judge.
A Letters Patent Appeal was filed. The matter
was placed before a Full Bench. The Full Bench held that the provisions of
section 80 of the Code of Civil Procedure had no. application to a suit filed
under section 8 of the Madhya Pradesh Public Trusts Act, 1951 (hereinafter
referred to as the Act).
This Court in Sawai Singhai Nirmal Chand v.
Union of India(1) held that notice under section 80 is necessary for setting
aside orders of attachment and sale of property.
The provisions contained in section 8 of the
Act indicate that the suit contemplated there is against the Public Officer in his
official capacity within the meaning of section 80 of the Code of Civil
The provisions of section 80 of the Code of
Civil Procedure are express, explicit and mandatory. See Bhagchand Dagadusa v.
Secretary of State for India in Council and others(2).
The Registrar in the present case held it to
be a public trust. The declaration sought for in this suit is that this is not
a public trust. The High Court was wrong in holding -that the suit under
section 8 of the Act cannot be regarded as a suit against the Government.
The Full Bench held that neither the
Government nor the Registrar was competent to give any relief to any person who
felt aggrieved by the order of the Registrar.
The following provisions of the Act are
important to be noticed. The Collector shall be the Registrar of Public Trusts
in respect of every public trust the principal office or the principal place of
businessof which is situate in his district. Within three months from the date
on which section 4 comes into force in any area or from the date on which a
public trust is created, the working trustee of every public trust shall apply
to the Registrar having jurisdiction for the registration of the public trust.
On receipt of an application the Registrar shall make an inquiry as
contemplated in section 5 of the Act. The Registrar then shall record his
finding with reasons. The Registrar shall cause entries to be made in the
register. Any person aggrieved by any finding of the Registrar may within six
months from the date of the publication of the notice institute a suit in a
civil court to have such finding set aside or modified. In every such suit, the
civil court shall give notice to the State Government through the Registrar,
and the State Government, if it so desires, shall be made a party to the suit.
All monies belonging to a public (1)  1 S.C.R. 986. (2) 54.I.A. 338.
995 trust shall be kept in a Scheduled Bank.
No sale, mortgage, exchange or gift of any immoveable property and no lease for
a period exceeding seven years in the case of agricultural land or for a period
exceeding three years in the case of non-agricultural land or a building
belonging to a public trust, shall be valid without the previous sanction of
the Registrar. The Budget of every public trust where the gross annual income
of which exceeds one thousand rupees shall be submitted to the Registrar. The
Registrar shall have powers to enter on and inspect or cause to be entered on
and inspected any property belonging to a public trust, or to call for any
return, statement, account or report as contemplated in section 22 of the Act.
If the Registrar finds any defects in the administration of the public trust
the Registrar may require the working trust as to submit an explanation. The
Registrar has power as contemplated in section 26 of the Act to direct the
trustee to apply to court for directions in certain cases. If the trustee fails
to do so the Registrar shall himself make an application.
The State Government may make rules for the
purposes mentioned in the Act.
These provisions indicate that the Registrar
is a Public Officer. The word? "act purporting to be done in official
capacity" have been construed to apply to nonfeasance as well as to
misfeasance. The word "act" extends to illegal omissions. See
Prasaddas v. Bennerjee(1). No distinction can be made between acts done
illegally and in bad faith and acts done bona fide in official capacity. See
Bhagchand Dagadusa's case (supra). Section 80 of the Code of Civil Procedure
therefore is attracted when any suit is filed against a Public Officer in
respect of any act purporting to be done by such Public Officer in his official
The language of section 80 of the Code of
Civil Procedure is that a notice is to be given against not only the Government
but also against the Public Officer in respect of any act purpoting to be done
in his official capacity. The Registrar is a Public Officer. The order is an
act purporting to be done in his official capacity.
In the present case, the suit is to set aside
the order made by a Public Officer in respect of an act done in the discharge
of his official duties. Therefore, notice under section 80 of the Code of Civil
Procedure was required.
For the foregoing reasons the judgment of the
High Court is set aside. Parties will pay and bear their own costs.
M.R. Appeal allowed.
(1) I.L.R. (1930) 57 Cal. 1127.