Sitala Prasad Shaw Vs. The State of
West Bengal  INSC 207 (15 October 1974)
Constitution of India, Art. 22(5)- Maintenance
of Internal Security Act, 1971 Period of detention-Habeas Corpus-Grounds of
detention refer to a solitary incident-Particulars furnished stating "you
have been acting" in a manner prejudicial to the maintenance of public
order-If justifies inference that the detention order is based on undisclosed
The petitioner wag detained under the Maintenance
of Internal Security Act 1971. The ground of detention referred to a solitary
incident. The particulars furnished to the petitioner however stated that he
was detained on the ground: "You have been acting", in a manner
prejudicial to the maintenance of public order. in a petition for habeas corpus
it was contended that since the language used showed a culpable conduct over a
long period of time, the detaining authority had before it material showing
that the petitioner wag indulging in a criminal course of conduct for a long
period and as such material was not disclosed to the petitioner, he had no
opportunity to meet it resulting thereby in the contravention of Art. 22(5) of
the Constitution- It was also contended that since State Government approved a
detention order hearing a date different from the one shown in the order served
on the petitioner, State Government had before it some other order of detention
while approving the petitioner's detention.
Confirming the order of detention,
HELD : In matters involving the liberty of
the subject the detaining authorities ought to exercise the greatest care in
the discharge of their functions. But that does not justify an unrealistic
dissection of detention orders. The counter affidavit filed by the State shows
that no other material was taken into account. The--use of expression "you
have been acting", though unfortunate does not support the submission that
the detention order was founded on undisclosed material, [426C-E] (2) The order
of approval contains a typographical error which is clear from the fact that
the number of detention order is correctly given and in the order confirming
the detention order, after consultation with the Advisory Board the correct
date of the detention order is mentioned. [426F- H]
ORIGINAL JURISDICTION: Writ Petition No. 118
Petition under Art. 32 of the Constitution.
R. L. Kohli, for the petitioner.
Dilip Sinha and G. S. Chatterjee, for the
The Judgment of the Court was delivered by
CHANDRACHUD, J.-The petitioner was detained by an order dated August 23, 1973
passed by the District Magistrate, Howrah, under the Maintenance of Internal
Security Act, 1971. The order recites that the petitioner was detained with a
view to preventing him from acting in any manner prejudicial to the maintenance
of public order.
The particulars of the ground of detention refer
to a solitary incident dated March 18, 1973. It is alleged that at about 2 p.m.
on that date, the petitioner and his associates being armed with swords,
Ballams and Lathis attacked a group of Bengalees at Rajnarayan Roy Choudhury
Ghat Road, Shibpur, Howrah causing severe injuries to them.
It is further stated that this conduct led to
a reign of terror 426 in the locality as a result of which the shops and the
doors of the read side houses were closed, people of the locality fled away
inpanic and the people were generally afraid of coming out of their houses for
fear of being assaulted.
Learned counsel appearing on behalf of the
petitioner has raised two points for our consideration in this petition for the
writ of habeas corpus. The particulars furnished to the petitioner say that the
petitioner was detained on the ground: "you have been acting" in a
manner prejudicial to the maintenance of public order. The argument is that the
order is founded on a single incident and therefore, the use of language showing
that the culpable conduct on the part of the petitioner extended over an
appreciably long period of time was wholly inappropriate. Inferentially; it is
urged, the detaining authority had material before it showing that the
petitioner was indulging in a criminal course of conduct for a long period of
time and as such material was not disclosed to the petitioner, he bad no
opportunity to meet it, leading thereby to the contravention of Article 22(5)
of the Constitution. We are not impressed by this submission.
It is true that in matters involving the
liberty of the subject, the detaining authorities ought to exercise the
greatest care in the discharge of their functions. But that dOes not justify an
unrealistic dissection of detention orders. The counter-affidavit filed on
behalf of the State Govt. shows that no other material was taken into account
by the detaining authority while passing the order of detention. Therefore, the
use of the expression, "you have been acting" though unfortunate does
not support the submission that the order of detention is founded on
undisclosed material. The petitioner was expressly apprised that he had been
acting in a manner pre judical to the maintenance of public order "as
evidenced by the particulars" furnished to him. The particulars refer only
to a single incident.
The second ground of attack on the detention
order is that when the State Government approved the detention on August 30,
1973 it passed an order approving a detention order dated "25-8-73".
As the impugned order of detention is dated August 23, 1973 it is urged that
while approving the detention of the petitioner, the State Government had
before it some other order of detention. There is no substance in this
contention. The order of approval contains but a typographical error. This is
clear from the order passed by the State Govt. on November 8, 1973 confirming
the order of detention after obtaining the opinion of the Advisory Board.
The order of confirmation refers to the order
of detention dated August 23, 1973. It must also be stated that as in the order
of confirmation so in the order of approval, an express reference is made to
the detention order bearing No.1818-C. The order of detention passed against
the petitioner on August 23, 1973 bears that very number which shows hat the
reference to an order dated "25-8-73" in the order of approval is a
In the result, we confirm the order of
detention and discharge the rule in this petition.