Dilip Kumar Gon Vs. Durga Prasad Singh
 INSC 222 (4 November 1974)
SARKARIA, RANJIT SINGH SARKARIA, RANJIT SINGH
CITATION: 1975 AIR 2343 1975 SCR (2) 570 1975
SCC (1) 401
Election-Contest from a general Constituency
to seat in State Legislative Assembly-Omission to strike off 'Scheduled
Caste/Tribe' and to fill in candidate's caste in nomination paper-If defective
justifying rejection of nomination paper.
In relation to an election to the State
Legislative Assembly from a general constituency, one candidate had not in the
nomination paper (a) filled his specific caste in the blank meant for that
purpose, and (b) he had, left the words 'Scheduled Caste' unscored. The
Returning Officer rejected his nomination paper on the ground that his failure
to delete the words 'Scheduled Caste' meant that he belonged to the scheduled
caste which was not true, and consequently, the nomination paper was not filled
up properly. The respondent was declared elected. The High Court, holding that
the candidate, whose nomination paper was rejected by the Returning Officer.
had not properly filled his nomination paper, upheld the rejection and
dismissed the election petition challenging the respondent's election.
Allowing the appeal to this Court.
HELD : (1) The seat for which the candidates
contested was not a reserved seat. There is no statutory provision in the
Representation of the People Act, 1951, or elsewhere which enjoins a candidate
who is contesting the election for a. general seat, and not for a reserved
seat, to specify in his declaration his caste or tribe. [571G] (2)The Returning
Officer admitted in his evidence that at the time of the scrutiny of the
nomination papers he was aware that the candidate, whose nomination paper he
rejected, was not a member of the scheduled caste and that he had deposited Rs.
501as security. Therefore, the omission to strike off scheduled caste/tribe in
the form did not amount to a defect in the eye of law, much less was it a
defect of a substantial character, warranting the rejection of the nomination
paper. [571H] Amolak Chand v. Raghuveer singh  3, S.C.R. 246 followed.,
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION : Civil Appeal
No. 602 of 1973.
From the Judgment's Order dated the 6th
February, 1973 of the Patna High Court in Election Petition No. 6 of 1972.
R.K. Garg, S C. Agarwala, S. S. Bhatnagar and
V. J. Francis, for the appellant.
D. Goburdhan, for the respondent.
The Judgment of the Court was delivered by
SARKARIA, J. Durga Prasad Singh, respondent herein, Khatir Ali and Abdul Hamid,
filed their nomination papers before the Returning ,Officer for contesting the
election to the Bihar Legislative Assembly from 147-Jamtara Assembly
Constituency (General). The date for :scrutiny of the nomination papers was
February 9, 1972The Returning Officer rejected the nomination papers of Khatir,
Ali and Abdul Hamid ignoring the objections that were raised on their behalf.
Durga Prasad Singh was declared duly elected.
571 The appellant, an elector of the
Constituency, filed an Election Petition challenging the election of Durga
Prasad Singh inter alia on the ground that the nomination papers of Abdul Hamid
and Khatir All had been improperly rejected. A learned single Judge of the High
Court, who tried the Petition decided that issue against the petitioner, and in
consequence, dismissed the Petition. Hence this appeal.
Before us, Mr. R. K. Garg, learned Counsel
for the Appellant has. confined his arguments to the rejection of the
nomination paper of Abdul Hamid, only. It is submitted that the defect on the
basis of' which the Returning Officer rejected Abdul Hamid's nomination papers,
was not a 'defect' in the eye of law. At any rate, proceeds. the argument, it
was not a defect of a substantial character which could justify rejection of
the nomination papers.
There is merit in this contention.
What happened was that in the column of the
printed nomination form, meant for making a declaration of the candidates' of
the Scheduled Caste/Tribe contesting for a Reserved. Seat, Abdul Hamid had not
(a) filled his specific caste in the bank 'Meant for that purpose and further,
(b) he had in that column, left the words 'Scheduled Caste' unscored. The
Returning Officer rejected the nomination papers on the ground that the failure
of the candidate to delete the words 'Scheduled Caste' means that "he
belongs to Scheduled Caste which is not true" said consequently, "the
nomination papers are not filled up properly".
The learned Judge of the High Court upheld
this rejection, holding that "the candidate's filling of these entries
were on the face of it, not proper and did not comply with the requirements of
law on this subject" and further that this defect was not "trivial or
technical" but of a substantial character.
In our opinion, in the circumstances of the
case, the rejection of the nomination papers of Abdul Hamid was manifestly
erroneous. The High Court's view that in scoring out only the word 'Jan-Jati'
(Tribe) and leaving the word 'Jati' (caste) untouched in the aforesaid column of
the nomination form, Abdul Hamid had failed "to comply .With the
requirement of the law on the subject" was entirely misconceived. It
overlooked the fact that the Jamtara Constituency was a 'General' Constituency,
and the seat for which the candidates wanted to contest the election was not a
Reserved seat. Section 33(2) of the Representation of the People Act, 1951, or
any other statutory provision does not enjoin upon a candidate who is
contesting the election for a General Seat, and not for a Reserved seat, to
specify in his declaration his caste or tribe. Further, the Returning Officer
appearing as R. W. 2, had clearly admitted that at the time of the scrutiny of
the nomination papers, he was aware that Abdul Hamid was not a member of the
Scheduled Caste and that he had deposited Rs. 250/as security. The omission to
strike off the column in the printed nomination form relating to Scheduled
Caste/Tribe did not amount to a defect in the eye of law, much less was it a
defect of a substantial character, warranting rejection of the nomination
572 In Amolak Chand v. Raghuveer Singh,(1)
the nomination papers of two candidates contesting for a General Constituency
were rejected on a similar ground. Holding that the rejection was improper,
Ramaswami J. speaking for the Court stated the law on the point thus:
"The printed form 2A is meant both for
General and Reserved Constituencies but while it is obligatory for candidates
in the reserved constituency to make a declaration in the proper column that he
is a member of a particular caste or tribe, there is no such rule with regard
to General Constituency.
Section 33(2) of the Act imposes an
obligation on the candidate in the reserved constituency to make a declaration
in the proper column, but there is no such direction in the statute with regard
to the General Constituency. In our opinion, the mention of the caste of the
candidate in the nomination form was a clear superfluity because it was not
necessary for the candidate to fill in the column when he was contesting in a
General Constituency. ." In the light of what has been said above, we
would, reverse the finding of the High Court and hold that the nomination
papers of Abdul Hamid were improperly rejected by the Returning Officer.
In the result, we would on this short ground,
allow this appeal and the Election Petition and declare the election of Durga
Prasad Singh, Respondent herein to be void. The appellant shall have his costs
V. P. S.
(1)  3 S.C.R. 246.