Krishan Lal Dhawan & ANR Vs. Delhi
Administration  INSC 57 (15 February 1962)
Criminal Trial-Trial by Special Judge Another
special Judge conducts further proceedings--Conviction-Validity Code of
Criminal Procedure, 1898 (Act 5 of 1898), s. 350-Criminal Law Amendment Act,
1952 (46 of 1952). s. 8, sub-s. 3.
The appellants were charged under ss. 120B
and 420 Indian Penal Code and s. 5 (1) (d) read with s. 5 (2) of the prevention
of Corruption Act. The trial of the appellants was commenced before a Special
judge who heard the prosecution evidence. Thereafter the trial was taken up by
another special judge who examined the defence witnesses and finally convicted
the 'appellants. The appellants appealed to the 'High Court and the High Court
upheld the conviction and sentence. The appellants thereupon appealed to the
Supreme Court by special leave.
The sole question which was raised by the
appellants was that in view of the fact the trial commenced before one Special
judge and another Special judge took up the proceedings are incompetent. The
respondent relying on s. 8, sub-s . (3), of the Criminal Law Amendment 210 Act,
1952, contended that trial was competent and the conviction and sentence were
valid in law.
Held, that s. 350 of the Code of -Criminal
Procedure is not applicable when one special judge is succeeded by another.
Neither does s. 3 (a) of the Criminal Law
Amendment Act, 1956, make the applicability of s. 350 of the Code of Criminal
Procedure to a trial by a special judge retrospective.
Payare lal v. State of Punjab, 1962) 3 S. C.
R. 328, followed.
CRIMINAL APPELTATE JURISDICTION: Criminal
Appeal Nos. 196 and 197 of 60.
Appeal by special leavefrom the judgment and
order dated May 1958, of the Punjab High Court (Circuit Bench) at Delhi in,
Criminal Appeals Nos. 3-D and I -T) of 1958.
A.S.R. Chari, M. K. Ramamurthi, R. K. Garg,
D. P. Singh and S. C. Agarwal, for the appellant (in Cr. A. No. 196/60).
N. S. Bindra. I. Ill. Lal and A. G.
Ratnaparkhi for the appellant (in Cr. A. No. 1 97/60).
H. R. Khanna, R. H. Dhebar and P. D. Menon,
for the respondents.
1962. February 15. The Judgment of the Court
was delivered by KAPUR, J.-These two appeals are directed against the judgment
and order of the Punjab High Court confirming the conviction of the appellants
under ss.120 B and 420; Indian Penal Code, and s.5(1 ) (d) read with s. 5(2) of
the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1917; And sentencing each of them to an
aggregate sentence of six months' rigorous imprisonment.
It is unnecessary to set out the facts in
detail but to put them . briefly. The appellant Albert Mossses was the
Principal incharge of the Rehabilitation Centre, Malviya Nagar and Kalkaji 211
under the Ministry of Rehabilitation. The appellant, K. L. Dhawan, was a
partner in the firm named M/s. Dhawan & Co. and they supplied a surface
plate for a sum of Rs. 1,950/to the Works Centre of which the appellant Albert
Moses was the Principal.
The trial of the appellants and R. P. Dhawan,
who has been acquitted, commenced in the Court of Mr. Jawala Das, Special
Judge, Delhi, and he heard the case from the date of the institution of the
proceedings on May, 21, 1956 to October 26, 1956. He heard the prosecution
evidence which was closed 'on October 26, 1956. The case was then taken up by
Mr. P. D. Sharma, Special Judge, Delhi, from December 20, 1956. He examined
defence witnesses and finally convicted the appellants of the offences already
mentioned and acquitted R. P. Dhawan.
Against the conviction and sentence an appeal
was taken to the High Court but the conviction was upheld and also the sentainees
and against that judgment and order these two appeals by special leave have
been brought by the two convicted persons. The sole question which has been
raised in this Court is that in view of the fact the trial commenced before one
Special Judge and another Special Judge took up the proceedings after December
20, 1956, the proceedings are not competent and, therefore, the conviction and
the sentence cannot be upheld. Counsel relies upon a judgment of this Court in
Payara Lal v. State of Punjab(1) in which it was held that "s. 350 is not
applicable when one Special Judge is succeeded by another . In that view of the
matter Mr. P.D. Sharma was not Competent to proceed with the trial from the
stage at which it was left by Mr. Jawala Das.
(1)  3 S.C.R. 328.
212 Counsel for the respondent relies on
sub.s.(3) of S. 8 of the Criminal Law Amendment Act (Act 46 of 1952) which
makes the provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, in so far as they are
not inconsistent with that Act, applicable to proceedings before a Special
Judge and also provides that a Special Judge shall be deemed to be a Court of
Session when trying a case under the Criminal Law Amendment Act (46 of 1952).
But this question was considered in the case decided by this Court in
Pyaralal's case(1) in which it was held that sub-s.(3) of s. 8 of Act 46 of
1952 did not contemplate that s. 350 of the -.Criminal Procedure Code becomes
applicable to proceedings before a Special Judge.
It was also held in the case that the
amendment made in the Criminal Law Amendment Act by Act 2 of 1956 by which s.
3(a) was added to it making the provisions of s.350. of the Code applicable to
a trial by Special Judges has no retrospective effect. In this view of the
matter, the conviction of the appellants must therefore be set aside. The case
will be disposed of in accordance with law.
(1)  3 S.C.R. 328.