Workmen's Compensation Act, 1923
8. Distribution of compensation
(1) No payment of compensation in respect of a workman whose injury has resulted in death and no payment of a lump sum as compensation to a woman or a person under a legal disability shall be made otherwise than by deposit with the Commissioner and no such payment directly by an employer shall be deemed to be a payment of compensation :
Provided that in the case of a deceased workman an employer may make to any dependant advances on account of compensation of an amount equal to three months' wages of such workman and so much of such amount as does not exceed the compensation payable to that dependant shall be deducted by the Commissioner from such compensation and repaid to the employer.
Any other sum amounting to not less than ten rupees which is payable as compensation may be deposited with the Commissioner on behalf of the person entitled thereto. The receipt of the Commissioner shall be a sufficient discharge in respect of any compensation deposited with him. On the deposit of any money under sub-section (1) as compensation in respect of a deceased workman the Commissioner shall if he thinks necessary cause notice to be published or to be served on each dependant in such manner as he thinks fit calling upon the dependants to appear before him on such dates as he may fix for determining the distribution of the compensation. If the Commissioner is satisfied after any inquiry which he may deem necessary that no dependant exists he shall repay the balance of the money to the employer by whom it was paid. The Commissioner shall on application by the employer furnish a statement showing in detail all disbursements made. Compensation deposited in respect of a deceased workman shall subject to any deduction made under sub-section (4) be apportioned among the dependants of the deceased workman or any of them in such proportion as the Commissioner thinks fit or may in the desecration of the Commissioner be allotted to any one dependant. Where any compensation deposited with the Commissioner is payable to any person the Commissioner shall if the person to whom the compensation is payable is not a woman or a person under a legal disability and may in other cases pay the money to the person entitled thereto. Where any lump sum deposited with the Commissioner is payable to a woman or a person under a legal disability such sum may be invested applied or otherwise dealt with for the benefit of the woman or of such person during his disability in such manner as the Commissioner may direct; and where a half-monthly payment is payable to any person under a legal disability the Commissioner may of his own motion or on an application made to him in this behalf order that the payment be made during the disability to any dependant of the workman or to any other person whom the Commissioner thinks best fitted to provide for the welfare of the workman. Where on application made to him in this behalf or otherwise the Commissioner is satisfied that on account of neglect of children on the part of a parent or on account of the variation of the circumstances of any dependant of for any other sufficient cause an order of the Commissioner as to the distribution of any sum paid as compensation or as to the manner in which any sum payable to any such dependant is to be invested applied or otherwise dealt with ought to be varied the Commissioner may make such order for the variation of the former order as he thinks just in the circumstances of the case :
Provided that no such order prejudicial to any person shall be made unless such person has been given an opportunity of showing cause why the order should not be made or shall be made in and case in which it would involve the repayment by a dependant of any sum already paid to him.
(9) Where the Commissioner varies any order under sub-section (8) by reason of the fact that payment of compensation to any person has been obtained by fraud impersonation or other improper means any amount so paid to or on behalf of such person may be recovered in the manner hereinafter provided in section 31.