1[35HA. Offences by companies.
(1) Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company, every person who, at the time the offence was committed, was in charge of, and was responsible to, the company for the conduct of the business of the company as well as the company shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly:
Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such person liable to any punishment if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he had exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence has been committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.
2[(3) Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a person, being a company and such offence is punishable with imprisonment and fine, then, without prejudice to the provisions contained insub-section (1) or sub-section (2), such company shall be punished with fine and every person, referred to in sub-section (1) or the director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company referred to in sub- section (2), shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished in accordance with the provisions of this Act.]
1. Ins. by Act 18 of 1992, s. 98 (w.e.f. 1-4-1993).
2. Ins. by Act 23 of 2004, s. 65 (w.e.f. 1-10-2004).
For the purposes of this section,
(a) "company" means a body corporate, and includes
(i) a firm; and
(ii) an association of persons or a body of individuals whether incorporated or not; and
(b) "director", in relation to,
(i) a firm, means a partner in a firm;
(ii) any association of persons or a body of individuals, means any member controlling the affairs thereof.]