State Bank of India Act, 1955
35. State Bank may acquire the business of other Banks
(1) The State Bank may, with the sanction of the Central Government, and shall, if so directed by the Central Government in consultation with the Reserve Bank, enter into negotiations for acquiring the business, including the assets and liabilities, of any Banking institution.
88 [(2) The terms and conditions relating to such acquisition, if agreed upon by the Central Board of the State Bank and the directorate or management of the Banking institution concerned and approved by the Reserve Bank, shall be submitted to the Central Government for its sanction and that Government may by order in writing (hereafter in this section referred to as the order of sanction) accord its sanction thereto.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act or any other law for the time being in force or any instrument regulating the constitution of the Banking institution concerned, the terms and conditions as sanctioned by the Central Government in this behalf in the order of sanction and be binding upon the StateBank and the Banking institution concerned aswell as upon the shareholders (or, as the case may be, proprietors) and creditors of that Banking institution.
(4) If for any reason the terms and conditions cannot come into effect on the date specified in the order of sanction, the Central Government may fix another suitable date for that purpose.
(5) On the date on which the terms and conditions as aforesaid come into effect the business and the assets and liabilities of the Banking institution concerned as covered by the acquisition shall, by virtue and in accordance with the provisions, of the order of sanction stand transferred to, and become respectively the business and the assets and liabilities of the State Bank.
(6) The consideration for the acquisition of the business and the assets and liabilities of any Banking institution under this section may, if so agreed upon, be paid either in cash or by allotment of shares in the capital of the State Bank or partly in cash and partly by allotment of shares, and the State Bank may, for the purpose of any such allotment, increase, subject to the other provisions contained in this Act relating to the increase of capital, the capital of the State Bank by the issue of such number of shares as may be determined by the State Bank.
(7) Any business acquired under this section shall thereafter be carried on by the State Bank in accordance with the provisions of this Act, subject to such exemptions or modifications as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make in this behalf in consultation with the Reserve Bank :
provided that no such exemption or modification shall be made so as to have effect for a period of more than seven years from the date of acquisition.
(8) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, or in any other law or in any agreement for the time being in force, on the acquisition of the business and the assets and liabilities of any Banking institution under this section, no officer or other employee of that Banking institution shall be entitled to any compensation to which he may be entitled under that Act or that other law or that agreement and no claim in respect of such compensation shall be entertained by any court, tribunal or other authority, if on his having accepted in writing an offer of employment by the State Bank on the terms and conditions proposed by it he has been employed in accordance with such terms and conditions.
(9) The Central Government may, if it considers necessary or expedient in the case of any Banking institution in relation to which an order of sanction has been made under this section, appoint, whether before or after the coming into effect of the terms and conditions relating to the acquisition of the business and the assets and liabilities of that banking institution, a suitable person to take over the management of that Banking institution for the purposes of winding up its affairs and distributing its assets, and the expenditure incurred in connection with such management (including the remuneration for the person so appointed and his staff, if any) shall be paid out of the assets of the Banking institution or by the State Bank as the Central Bank may direct.
(10) Simultaneously with the appointment of a suitable person to take over the management of any Banking institution under sub-section (9) or immediately thereafter, the Central Government shall issue directions to be followed by that person in the management of that Banking institution for the purposes aforesaid and there upon.-
(a) the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, or 89[the Banking Regulation Act, 1949] or any other law for the time being in force or any instrument having effect by virtue of any such Act or law, in so far as they are inconsistent with such directions, shall cease to apply to or in relation to that Banking institution;
(b) all person in charge of the management, including any person holding office as manager or director of the Banking institution immediately before the issue of such directions, shall be deemed to have vacated their offices as such; and
(c) the person appointed to take over the management of the Banking institution shall in accordance with those directions take all such steps as may be necessary to facilitate the winding up of its affairs and distribution of its assets.
(11) The Central Government, when satisfied that nothing further remains to be done in order to wind up the affairs of any such Banking institution, may be another order in writing direct that as from such date as may be specified therein the Banking institution shall stand dissolved and thereupon any such direction shall have effect notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any other law.
(12) No action under this section shall be questioned on the ground merely of any defect in the constitution of any Banking institution in elation to which such action has been taken or in the constitution of its Board of Directors or in the appointment of any person entrusted with the management of its affairs.
(13) In this section "Banking institution" includes any individual or any association of individuals (whether incorporated or not, or whether a department of Government or a separate institution), carrying on the business of Banking.]