Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934
45L. Power of bank to call for information from financial institutions and to give directions
(1) If the bank is satisfied for the purpose of enabling it to regulate the credit system of the country to its advantage it is necessary so to do, it may-
(a) require financial institutions either generally or any group of financial institutions or financial institution in particular, to furnish to the Bank in such form, at such intervals and within such time, such statements, information or particulars relating to the business of such financial institutions or institution, as may be specified by the bank by general or special order;
(b) give to such institutions either generally or to any such institution in particular, directions relating to the conduct of business by them or by it as financial institutions or institution.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the power vested in the bank under clause (a) of sub-section (1), the statements, information or particulars to be furnished by a financial institution may relate to all or any of the following matters, namely, the paid-up capital, reserves or other liabilities, the investments whether in government securities or otherwise, the persons to whom, and the purposes and periods for which, finance is provided and the terms and conditions, including the rate of interest, on which it is provided.
(3) In issuing directions to any financial institution under clause (b) of sub-section (1), the bank shall have due regard to the conditions in which, and the objects for which, the institution has been established, its statutory responsibilities, if any, and the effect the business of such financial institution is likely to have on trends in the money and capital markets.