Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934
45K. Power of bank to collect information from non-banking institutions as to deposits and to give directions
(1) The bank may at any time direct that every non-banking institution shall furnish to the bank, in such form, at such intervals and within such time, such statements, information or particulars relating to or connected with deposits received by the non-banking institution, as may be specified by the bank by general or special order.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the power vested in the bank under sub-section (1), the statements, information or particulars to be furnished under sub-section (1), may relate to all or any of the following matters, namely, the amount of the deposits, the purposes and periods for which, and the rates of interest and other terms and conditions on which, they are received.
(3) The bank may, if it considers necessary in the public interest so to do, give directions to non-banking institutions either generally or to any non-banking institution or group of non-banking institutions in particular, in respect of any matters relating to or connected with the receipt of deposits, including the rates of interest payable on such deposits, and the periods for which deposits may be received.
(4) If any non-banking institution fails to comply with any direction given by the bank under sub-section (3), the bank may prohibit the acceptance of deposits by that non-banking institution.
(6) Every non-banking institution receiving deposits shall, if so required by the bank and within such time as the bank may specify, cause to be sent at the cost of the non-banking institution a copy of its annual balance-sheet and profit and loss account or other annual accounts to every person from whom the non-banking institution holds, as on the last day of the year to which the accounts relate, deposits higher than such sum as may be specified by the bank.
Comment: The Reserve Bank under this provision is entitled to give directions with regard to the manner in which the deposits are to be invested and also the manner in which such deposits are to be disclosed in the balance sheet or books of accounts of the company. Peerless General Finance and Investment Co. Ltd. v. Reserve Bank of India, AIR 1992 SUPREME COURT 1033