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Railways Act, 1989

Act No. 24 of 1989

Sections Particulars
Chapter I Preliminary
1 Short title and commencement
2 Definitions
Chapter II Railway Administrations
3 Zonal Railways
4 Appointment of General Manager
Chapter III Commissioners of Railway Safety
5 Appointment of Chief Commissioner of Railway Safety and Commissioners of Railway Safety
6 Duties of Commissioner
7 Power of Commissioner
8 Commissioner to he public servant
9 Facilities to be afforded to Commissioners
10 Annual report of Commissioners
Chapter IV Construction and Maintenance of Works
11 Power of railway administrations to execute all necessary works
12 Power to alter the position of pipe, electric supply fine, drain or sewer, etc.
13 Protection for Government property
14 Temporary entry upon land to remove obstruction, to repair or to prevent accident
15 Payment of amount for damage or loss
16 Accommodation works
17 Power of owner, occupier, State Government or local authority to cause additional accommodation works to be made
18 Fences, gates and bars
19 Over-bridges and under-bridges
20 Power of Central Government to give directions for safety
Chapter V Opening of Railways
21 Sanction of the Central Government to the opening of railway
22 Formalities to be complied with before giving sanction to the opening of a railway
23 Sections 21 and 22 to apply to the opening of certain works
24 Temporary suspension of traffic
25 Power to close railway opened for the public carriage of passengers
26 Re-opening of closed railway
27 Use of rolling stock
28 Delegation of powers
29 Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter
Chapter VI Fixation of Rates
30 Power to fix rates
31 Power to classify commodities or alter rates
32 Power of railway administration to charge certain rates
Chapter VII Railway Rates Tribunal
33 Constitution of the Railway Rates Tribunal
34 Staff of the Tribunal
35 Sittings of the Tribunal
36 Complaints against a railway administration
37 Matters not within the jurisdiction of the Tribunal
38 Powers of the Tribunal
39 Reference to the Tribunal
40 Assistance by the Central Government
41 Burden of proof, etc.
42 Decision, etc., of the Tribunal
43 Bar of jurisdiction of courts
44 Relief’s which the Tribunal may grant
45 Revision of decisions given by the Tribunal
46 Execution of decisions or orders of the Tribunal
47 Report of the Central Government
48 Power of the Tribunal to make regulations
Chapter VIII Carriage of Passengers
49 Exhibition of certain timings and Tables of fires at stations
50 Supply of tickets on payment of fare
51 Provision for case in which ticket is issued for class or train not having accommodation for additional passengers
52 Cancellation of ticket and refund
53 Prohibition against transfer of certain tickets
54 Exhibition and surrender of passes and ticket
55 Prohibition against traveling without pass or ticket
56 Power to refuse to carry persons suffering from infections or contagious diseases
57 Maximum number of passengers for each compartment
58 Earmarking of compartment, etc., for ladies
59 Communication between passengers and railway servant in charge of train
60 Power to make rule in respect of matters in this Chapter
Chapter IX Carriage of Good
61 Maintenance of rate-books, etc., for carriage of goods
62 Conditions for receiving, etc., of goods
63 Provision of risk rate
64 Forwarding note
65 Railway receipt
66 Power to require statement relating to the description of goods
67 Carriage of dangerous or offensive goods
68 Carriage of animals suffering from infectious or contagious diseases
69 Deviation of route
70 Prohibition of undue preference
71 Power to give direction in regard to carriage of certain goods
72 Maximum carrying capacity for wagons and trucks
73 Punitive charge for overloading a wagon
74 Passing of property in the goods covered by railway receipt
75 Section 74 not to affect right of stoppage in transit or claims for freight
76 Surrender of railway receipt
77 Power of railway administration to deliver goods or sale proceeds thereof in certain cues
78 Power to measure, weigh, etc.
79 Weighment of consignment on request of the consignee or endorsee
80 Liability of railway administration for wrong delivery
81 Open delivery of consignments
82 Partial delivery of consignments
83 Lien for freight or any other sum due
84 Unclaimed consignment
85 Disposal of perishable consignments in certain circumstances
86 Sales under sections 83 to 85 not to affect the right to suit
87 Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter
Chapter X Special Provisions as to Goods Booked to Notified Stations
88 Definitions
89 Power to declare notified stations
90 Disposal of unremoved goods at notified stations
91 Price to he paid to person entitled after deducting dues
92 Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter
Chapter XI Responsibilities tf Railway Administrations as Carriers
93 General responsibility of a railway administration as carrier of goods
94 Goods to be loaded or delivered at a siding not belonging to a railway administration
95 Delay or retention in transit
96 Traffic passing over railways in India and railways in foreign countries
97 Goods carried at owner's risk rate
98 Goods in defective condition or defectively packed
99 Responsibility of a railway administration after termination of transit
100 Responsibility as carrier of luggage
101 Responsibility as a carrier of animals
102 Exoneration from liability in certain cases
103 Extent of monetary liability in respect of any consignment
104 Extent of liability in respect of goods carried in open wagon
105 Right, of railway administration to cheek contents of certain consignment or luggage
106 Notice of claim for compensation and refund of over charge
107 Applications for compensation for loss, etc., of goods
108 Person entitled to claim compensation
109 Railway administration against which application for the compensation for personal injury is to be filed
110 Burden of proof
111 Extent of liability of railway administration in respect of accidents at sea
112 Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter
Chapter XII Accident
113 Notice of railway accident
114 Inquiry by Commissioner
115 Inquiry by railway administration
116 Powers of Commissioner in relation to inquiry
117 Statement made before Commissioner
118 Procedure, etc.
119 No inquiry, investigation, etc., to he made if the Commission of inquiry is appointed
120 Inquiry into accident not covered by section 113
121 Returns
122 Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter
Chapter XIII Liability of Railway Administration for Death and Injury to Passengers Due to Accident
123 Definitions
124 Extent of liability
124A Compensation on account of untoward incidents
125 Application for compensation
126 Interim relief by railway administration
127 Determination of compensation in respect of any injury or loss of goods
128 Saying as to certain rights
129 Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter
Chapter XIV Regulation of Hours of Work and Period of Rest
130 Definitions
131 Chapter not to apply to certain railway servants
132 Limitation of hours of work
133 Grant of periodical rest
134 Railway servant to remain on duty
135 Supervisors of railway labor
136 Power to make rules in respect of matters in this Chapter
Chapter XV Penalties and Offences
137 Fraudulently traveling or attempting to travel without proper pass or ticket
138 Levy of excess charge and fare for traveling without proper pass or ticket or beyond authorized distance
139 Power to remove persons
140 Security for good behavior in certain cases
141 Needlessly interfering with means of communication in a train
142 Penalty for transfer of tickets
143 Penalty for unauthorized carrying on of business of procuring and supplying of railway tickets
144 Prohibition on hawking, etc., and begging
145 Drunkenness or nuisance
146 Obstructing railway servant in his duties
147 Trespass and refusal to desist from trespass
148 Penalty for making a false statement in an application for compensation
149 Making a false claim for compensation
150 Maliciously wrecking or attempting to wreck a train
151 Damage to or destruction of certain railway properties
152 Maliciously hurting or attempting to hurt persons traveling by railway
153 Endangering safety of persons traveling by railway by willful act or omission
154 Endangering safety of persons traveling by railway rash or negligent act or omission
155 Entering into compartment reserved or resisting entry into a compartment not reserved
156 Traveling on roof, step or engine of a train
157 Altering or defacing pass or ticket
158 Penalty for contravention of any of the provision of Chapter XIV
159 Disobedience of drivers or conductors of vehicles to directions of railway servant, etc.
160 Opening or breaking a level crossing gate
161 Negligently crossing unmanned level crossing
162 Entering carriage or other place reserved for females
163 Giving false account of goods
164 Unlawfully bringing dangerous goods on a railway
165 Unlawfully bringing offensive goods on a railway
166 Defacing public notices
167 Smoking
168 Provision with respect to commission of offence by the children of acts endangering safety of person traveling on railway
169 Levy of penalty on non-Government railway
170 Recovery of penalty
171 Section 169 or 170 not to preclude Central Government from taking any other action
172 Penalty for intoxication
173 Abandoning train, etc., without authority
174 Obstructing running of train, etc.
175 Endangering the safety of persons
176 Obstructing level crossing
177 False returns
178 Making a false report by a railway servant
179 Arrest for offences under certain sections
180 Arrest of persons likely to abscond, etc.
181 Magistrate having jurisdiction under the Act
182 Place of trial
Chapter XVI Miscellaneous
183 Power to provide other transport services
184 Taxation on railways by local authorities
185 Taxation on railways for advertisement
186 Protection of action taken in good faith
187 Restriction on execution against railway property
188 Railway servants to be public servants for the purposes of Chapter IX and section 409 of the Indian Penal Code
189 Railway servants not to engage in trade
190 Procedure for delivery to railway administration of property detained by a railway servant
191 Proof of entries in records and documents
192 Service of notice, etc., on railway administration
193 Service of notice, etc., by railway administration
194 Presumption where notice is served by post
195 Representation of railway administration
196 Power to exempt railway from Act
197 Matters supplemental to the definitions of "railway" and "railway servant"
198 General power to make rules
199 Rules to be laid before Parliament
200 Repeal and saving

An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to Railways.

Be it enacted by Parliament in the Fortieth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-

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