Patents Act, 1970
93. Powers of Controller in granting compulsory licenses
(1) Where the Controller is satisfied on application made under section 84 that the manufacture, use or sale of materials not protected by the patent is prejudiced by reason of conditions imposed by the patentee upon the grant of licenses under the patent, or upon the purchase, hire or use of the patented article or process, he may, subject to the provisions of that section, order the grant of licenses under the patent to such customers of the applicant as he thinks fit as well as to the applicant.
(2) Where an application under section 84 is made by a person being the holder of a license under the patent, the Controller may, if he makes an order for the grant of a license to the applicant, order the existing license to be cancelled, or may, if he thinks fit, instead of making an order for the grant of a license to the applicant, order the existing license to be amended.
(3) Where on an application made under section 84, the Controller orders the grant of a license, he may, for reasons to be recorded in writing, direct that the license shall operate-
(a) to deprive the patentee of any right which he may have as patentee to make, use, exercise or vend the invention or to grant licenses under the patent;
(b) to revoke all existing licenses in respect of the invention.
(4) Where two or more patents are held by the same patentee and an applicant for a compulsory license establishes that the reasonable requirements of the public have not been satisfied with respect to some only of the said patents, then, if the Controller is satisfied that the applicant cannot efficiently or satisfactorily work the license granted to him under those patents without infringing the other patents held by the patentee, he may, by order, direct the grant of a license in respect of the other patents also to enable the licensee to work the patent or patents in regard to which a license is granted under section 84.
(5) Where the terms and conditions of a license have been settled by the Controller, the licensee may, at any time after he has worked the invention on a commercial scale for a period of not less than twelve months, make an application to the Controller for the revision of the terms and conditions on the ground that the terms and conditions settled have proved to be more onerous than originally expected and that in consequence thereof the licensee is unable to work the invention except at a loss:
PROVIDED that no such application shall be entertained a second time.