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Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000

Sections Particulars
Chapter I Preliminary
1 Short title, extent, commencement and application
2 Definitions
3 Continuation of inquiry in respect of juvenile who has ceased to be a juvenile
Chapter II Juvenile in Conflict with Law
4 Juvenile Justice Board
5 Procedure etc. in relation to Board
6 Powers of Juvenile Justice Board
7 Procedure to be followed by a Magistrate not empowered under the Act
7A Procedure to be followed when claim of juvenility is raised before any court
8 Observation homes
9 Special homes
10 Apprehension of juvenile in conflict with law
11 Control of custodian over juvenile
12 Bail of juvenile
13 Information to parent, guardian or probation officer
14 Inquiry by Board regarding juvenile
15 Order that may be passed regarding juvenile
16 Order that may not be passed against juvenile
17 Proceeding under Chapter VIII of the Code of Criminal Procedure not competent against juvenile
18 No joint proceeding of juvenile and person not a juvenile
19 Removal of disqualification attaching to conviction
20 Special provision in respect of pending cases
21 Prohibition of publication of name, etc., of juvenile in conflict with law or child in need of care and protection involved in any proceeding under the Act
22 Provision in respect of escaped juvenile
23 Punishment for cruelty to juvenile or child
24 Employment of juvenile or child for begging
25 Penalty for giving intoxicating liquor or narcotic drug or psychotropic substance to juvenile or child
26 Exploitation of juvenile or child employee
27 Special offences
28 Alternative punishment
Chapter III Child in Need of Care and Protection
29 Child Welfare Committee
30 Procedure, etc., in relation to Committee
31 Powers of Committee
32 Production before committee
33 Inquiry
34 Children's homes
35 Inspection
36 Social auditing
37 Shelter homes
38 Transfer
39 Restoration
Chapter IV Rehabilitation and Social Reintegration
40 Process of rehabilitation and social reintegration
41 Adoption
42 Foster care
43 Sponsorship
44 After-care organization
45 Linkages and co-ordination
Part V Miscellaneous
46 Attendance of parent or guardian of juvenile or child
47 Dispensing with attendance of juvenile or child
48 Committal to approved places of juvenile or child suffering from dangerous diseases and his future disposal
49 Presumption and determination of age
50 Sending a juvenile or child outside jurisdiction
51 Reports to be treated as confidential
52 Appeals
53 Revision
54 Procedure in inquiries, appeals and revision proceedings
55 Power to amend orders
56 Power of competent authority to discharge and transfer juvenile or child
57 Transfer between children's homes, under the Act, and juvenile homes, of like nature in different parts of India
58 Transfer of juvenile or child of unsound mind or suffering from leprosy or addicted to drugs
59 Release and absence of juvenile or child in placement
60 Contribution by parents
61 Fund
62 Central, State, district and city advisory boards
62A Constitution of Child Protection Unit responsible for implementation of the Act
63 Special juvenile police unit
64 Juvenile in conflict with law undergoing sentence at commencement of this Act
65 Procedure in respect of bonds
66 Delegation of powers
67 Protection of action taken in good faith
68 Power to make rules
69 Repeal and savings
70 Power to remove difficulties

An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to juveniles in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection, by providing for proper care, protection and treatment by catering to their development needs, and by adopting a child-friendly approach in the adjudication and disposition of matters in the best interest of children and for their ultimate rehabilitation and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

WHEREAS the Constitution has, in several provisions, including clause (3) of article 15, clauses (e) and (f) of article 39, articles 45 and 47, impose on the State a primary responsibility of ensuring that all the needs of children are met and that their basic human rights are fully protected;

AND WHEREAS, the General Assembly of the United Nations has adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the 20th November, 1989;

AND WHEREAS, the Convention on the Rights of the Child has prescribed a set of standards to be adhered to by all State parties in securing the best interests of the child;

AND WHEREAS, the Convention on the Rights of the Child emphasises social reintegration of child victims, to the extent possible, without resorting to judicial proceedings;

AND WHEREAS, the Government of India has ratified the Convention on the 11th December, 1992.

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