5[37A. Power of 4[Authority] to prepare Scheme of Amalgamation.-
(1) If the 4[Authority] is satisfied that-
(i) in the public interest; or
(ii) in the interests of the policy-holders; or
(iii) in order to secure the proper management of an insurer; or
(iv) in the interest of insurance business of the country as a whole, it is necessary so to do, he may prepare a scheme for the amalgamation of that insurer with any other insurer (hereinafter referred to in this section as the transferee insurer):
Provided that no such scheme shall be prepared unless the other insurer has given his written consent to the proposal for such amalgamation.
(2) The scheme aforesaid may contain provisions for all or any of the following matters, namely:-
(a) the constitution, name and registered office, the capital, assets, powers, rights, interests, authorities and privileges, and the liabilities, duties and obligations of the transferee insurer;
(b) the transfer to the transferee insurer of the business, properties, assets and liabilities of the insurer on such terms and conditions as may be specified in the scheme;
(c) any change in the Board of Directors, or the appointment of a new Board of Directors of the transferee insurer and the authority by whom, the manner in which, and the other terms and conditions on which, such change or appointment shall be made, and, in the case of appointment of a new Board of Directors or of any director, the period for which such appointment shall be made;
(d) the alteration of the memorandum and articles of association of the transferee insurer for the purpose of altering the capital thereof or for such other purposes as may be necessary to give effect to the amalgamation;
(e) subject to the provisions of the scheme, the continuation by or against the transferee insurer, of any actions or proceedings pending against the insurer;
(f) the reduction of the interest or rights which the shareholders, policy-holders and other creditors have in or against the insurer before the amalgamation to such extent as the 2[Authority] considers necessary in the public interest or in the interests of the shareholders, policy-holders and other creditors or for the maintenance of the business of the insurer;
(g) the payment in cash or otherwise to policy-holders, and other creditors in full satisfaction of their claim,-
(i) in respect of their interest or rights in or against the insurer before the amalgamation; or
(ii) where their interest or rights aforesaid in or against the insurer has or have been reduced under clause (f) in respect of such interest or rights as so reduced;
(h) the allotment to the shareholders of the insurer for shares held by them therein before the amalgamation whether their interest in such shares has been reduced under clause (f) or not] of shares in the transferee insurer and where any shareholders claim payment in cash and not allotment of shares, or where it is not possible to allot shares to any shareholders, the payment in cash to those shareholders in full satisfaction of their claim-
(i) in respect of their interest in shares in the insurer before the amalgamation; or (ii) where such interest has been reduced under clause (f) in respect of their interest in shares as so reduced;
(i) the continuance of the services of all the employees of the insurer (excepting such of them as not being workmen within the meaning of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 (14 of 1947), are specifically mentioned in the scheme) in the transferee insurer at the same remuneration and on the same terms and conditions of service, which they were getting or, as the case may be, by which they were being governed, immediately before the date of the amalgamation:
Provided that the scheme shall contain a provision that the transferee insurer shall pay or grant not later than the expiry of the period of three years, from the date of the amalgamation, to the said employees the same remuneration and the same terms and conditions of service as are applicable to the other employees of corresponding rank or status, of the transferee insurer subject to the qualifications and experience of the said employees being the same as or equivalent to those of such other employees of the transferee insurer:
Provided further that if in any case any doubt or difference arises as to whether the qualification and experience of any of the said employees are the same as or equivalent to the qualifications and experience of the other employees of corresponding rank or status of the transferee insurer, the doubt or difference shall be referred to the Controller whose decision thereon shall be final;
(j) notwithstanding anything contained in clause (i) where any of the employees of the insurer not being workmen within the meaning of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 (14 of 1947), are specifically mentioned in the scheme under clause (i) of where any employees of the insurer have by notice in writing given to the insurer or, as the case may be, the transferee insurer at any time before the expiry of one month next following the date on which the scheme is sanctioned by the Central Government, intimated their intention of not becoming employees of the transferee insurer, the payment to such employees of compensation, if any, to which they are entitled under the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 (14 of 1947), and such pension, gratuity, provident fund, or other retirement benefits ordinarily admissible to them under the rules or authorisations of the insurer immediately before the date of the amalgamation;
(k) any other terms and conditions for the amalgamation of the insurer; (l) such incidental, consequential and supplemental matters as are necessary to secure that the amalgamation shall be fully and effectively carried out.
(3)(a) A copy of the scheme prepared by the 1[Authority] shall be sent in draft to the insurer and also to the transferee insurer and any other insurer concerned in the amalgamation, for suggestions and objections, if any, within such period as the 1[Authority] may specify for this purpose.
(b) The 1[Authority] may make such modifications, if any, in the draft scheme as he may consider necessary in the light of the suggestions and objections received from the insurer and also from the transferee insurer and any other insurer concerned in the amalgamation and from any shareholder, policy-holder or other creditor of each of those insurers and the transferee insurer.
2[(4) The scheme shall thereafter be placed before the Central Government for its sanction and the Central Government may sanction the scheme without any modification or with such modifications as it may consider necessary, and the scheme as sanctioned by the Central Government shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may notify in this behalf in the Official Gazette: Provided that different dates may be specified for different provisions of the scheme.
(4A) Every policyholder or shareholder or member of each of the insurers, before amalgamation, shall have the same interest in, or rights against the insurer resulting from amalgamation as he had in the company of which he was originally a policyholder or shareholder or member: Provided that where the interests or rights of any shareholder or member are less than his interest in, or rights against, the original insurer, he shall be entitled to compensation, which shall be assessed by the Authority in such manner as may be specified by the regulations.
(4B) The compensation so assessed shall be paid to the shareholder or member by the insurance company resulting from such amalgamation.
(4C) Any member or shareholder aggrieved by the assessment of compensation made by the Authority under sub-section (4A) may within thirty days from the publication of such assessment prefer an appeal to the Securities Appellate Tribunal.]
(5) The sanction accorded by the Central Government under sub-section (4) shall be conclusive evidence that all the requirements of this section relating to amalgamation have been complied with and a copy of the sanctioned scheme certified in writing by an officer of the Central Government to be a true copy thereof shall, in all legal proceedings (whether in appeal or otherwise) be admitted as evidence to the same extent as the original scheme.
(6) The 1[Authority] may, in like manner, add to amend or vary any scheme made under this section.
(7) On and from the date of the coming into operation of the scheme or any provision thereof, the scheme or such provision shall be binding on the insurer or, as the case may be, on the transferee insurer and any other insurer concerned in the amalgamation and also on all the shareholders, policy-holders and
other creditors and employees of each of those insurers and of transferee insurer, and on any other person having any right or liability in relation to any of those insurers or the transferee insurer.
(8) On and from such date as may be specified by the Central Government in this behalf, the properties and assets of the insurer shall, by virtue of and to the extent provided in the scheme, stand transferred to, and vest in, and the liabilities of the insurer shall, by virtue of and to the extent provided in the scheme, stand transferred to and become the liabilities of the transferee insurer.
(9) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of the scheme, the Central Government may by order do anything not inconsistent with such provisions which appears to it necessary or expedient for the purpose of removing the difficulty.
(10) Copies of every scheme made under this section and of every order made under sub-section (9) shall be laid before each House of Parliament, as soon as may be, after the scheme has been sanctioned by the Central Government, or as the case may be, the order has been made.
(11) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to prevent the amalgamation with an insurer by a single scheme of several insurers.
(12) The provisions of this section and of any scheme made under it shall have effect notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any other provisions of this Act or in any other law or any agreement, award or other instrument for the time being in force.
(13) The provisions of section 37 shall not apply to an amalgamation given effect to under the provisions of this section.]
1. Subs. by Act 13 of 1941, s. 21, for "a declaration signed by every insurer concerned" (w.e.f. 8-4-1941).
2. Subs. s. 24, ibid., for clause (c) (w.e.f. 8-4-1941).
3. Subs. by Act 41 of 1999, s. 30 the First Schedule, for "scheme sanctioned" (w.e.f. 19-4-2000).
4. Subs. by s. 30, and the First Schedule, ibid., for "Controller" (w.e.f. 19-4-2000).
5. Ins. by Act 62 of 1968, s. 17 (w.e.f. 1-6-1969).
1. Subs. by Act 41 of 1999, s. 30 and the First Schedule, for "Controller" (w.e.f. 19-4-2000).
2. Subs. by Act 5 of 2015, s 44, for sub-section (4) (w.e.f. 26-12-2014).