Industrial Disputes Act, 1947
11. Procedure and powers of conciliation officers, Board, courts and Tribunals and National Tribunals
73 [(1) Subject to any rules that may be made in this behalf, an arbitrator, a Board, court, Labor Court, Tribunal or National Tribunal shall follow such procedure as the arbitrator or other authority concerned may think fit.]
(2) A conciliation officer or a member of a board 74[or court or the presiding officer of a Labor Court , Tribunal or National Tribunal] may for the purpose of inquiry into any existing or apprehended industrial dispute, after giving reasonable notice, enter the premises occupied by any establishment to which the dispute relates.
(3) Every Board, court, 75[Labor Court, Tribunal and National Tribunal] shall have the same powers as are vested in a Civil Court under the Code of Civil Procedure,1908 (5 or 1908), when trying a suit, in respect of the following matters, namely:-
(a) enforcing the attendance of any person and examining him on oath;
(b) compelling the production of documents and material objects;
(c) issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses;
(d) in respect of such other matters as may be prescribed, and every inquiry or investigation by a Board, court, 76[Labor Court, Tribunal or National Tribunal, shall be deemed to be a judicial proceeding within the meaning of sections 193 and 228 of the Indian Penal Code (45 to 1860).
(4) A conciliation officer 77[may enforce the attendance of any person for the purpose of examination of such person or call for] and inspect any document which he has ground for considering to be relevant to the industrial dispute 78[or to be necessary for the purpose of verifying the implementation of any award or carrying out any other duty imposed on him under this Act, and for the aforesaid purposes, the conciliation officer shall have the same powers as are vested in a civil court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908), 77[in respect of enforcing the attendance of any person and examining him or of compelling the production of documents]] .
79 [(5) A court, Labor Court, Tribunal or National Tribunal may, if it so thinks fit, appoint one or more persons having special knowledge of the matter under consideration as an assessor or assessors to advise it in the proceeding before it.
(6) All conciliation officers, members of a Board or court and the presiding officers of a Labor Court , Tribunal or National Tribunal shall be deemed to be public servants within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).
(7) Subject to any rules made under this Act the costs of, and incidental to, any proceeding before a Labor Court, Tribunal or National Tribunal shall be in the discretion of that Labor Court, Tribunal or National Tribunal, and the Labor Court, Tribunal or National Tribunal, as the case may be, shall have full power to determine by and to whom and to what extent and. subject to what conditions, if any, such costs are to be paid, and to give all necessary directions for the purposes aforesaid and such costs may, on application made to the appropriate government by the person entitled, be recovered by that government in the same manner as an arrear of land revenue.]
80 [ (8) Every 81[ Labor Court , Tribunal or National Tribunal] shall be deemed to be civil court for the purposes of 82[sections 345, 346, and 348 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974).]