The Indian Succession Act, 1925
Chapter XXI.- Of Legacies to creditors and Portioners
177. Creditor prima facie entitled to legacy as well as debt.-
Where a debtor bequeaths a legacy to his creditor, and it does not appear from the will that the legacy is meant as a satisfaction of the debt, the creditor shall be entitled to the legacy, as well as to the amount of the debt.
178. Child prima facie entitled to legacy as well as portion.-
Where a parent, who is under obligation by contract to provide a portion for a child, fails to do so, and afterwards bequeaths a legacy to the child, and does not intimate by his will that the legacy is meant as a satisfaction of the portion, the child shall be entitled to receive -the legacy, as well as the portion.
A, by articles entered into in contemplation of his marriage with B covenanted that he would pay to each of the daughters of the intended marriage a portion of 20,000 rupees on her marriage. This covenant having been broken.
A bequeaths 20,000 rupees to each of the married daughters of himself and B. The legatees are entitled to the benefit of this bequest in addition totheir portions.
179. No ademption by-subsequent provision for legatee.-
No bequest shall be wholly or partially adeemed by a subsequent provision made by settlement or otherwise for the legatee.
(i) A bequeaths 20,000 rupees to his son B. He afterwards gives to B the sum of 20,000 rupees. The legacy is not therebyadeemed.
(ii) A bequeaths 40,000 rupees to B, his orphan niece whom he had brought up from her infancy. Afterwards, on the occasion of B's marriage, A settles upon her the sum of 30,000 rupees. The legacy is not thereby diminished.