Indian Penal Code, 1860
20. "Court of Justice"
The words "Court of Justice" denote a Judge who is empowered by law to act judicially alone, or a body of Judges which is empowered by law to act judicially as a body, when such Judge or body of Judges is acting judicially.
A panchayat acting under 19[Regulation VII, 1816, of the Madras Code,] having power to try and determine suits, is a Court of Justice.