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Factories Act, 1948

Schedule I : List of Industries Involving Hazardous Processes

[Section 2( cb )]

1. Ferrous Metallurgical Industries

Integrated Iron and Steel


Special Steels.

2. Non-ferrous Metallurgical Industries

Primary Metallurgical Industries, namely zinc, lead, copper, manganese and aluminum

3. Foundries (ferrous and non-ferrous)

Castings and forgings including cleaning or smoothening/roughening by sand and shot blasting.

4. Coal (including coke) Industries

Coal, Lignite, Coke, etc.

Fuel Cases (including Coal Gas, Producer Gas, Water Gas).

5. Power Generating Industries.

6. Pulp and paper (including paper products) Industries.

7. Fertilizer Industries




8. Cement Industries

Portland Cement (including slag cement, puzzolona cement and their products).

9. Petroleum Industries

Oil Refining

Lubricating Oils and Greases

10. Petro -chemical Industries

11. Drugs and Pharmaceutical Industries

Narcotics, Drugs and Pharmaceuticals.

12. Fermentation Industries (Distilleries and Breweries).

13. Rubber (Synthetic Industries)

14. Paints and Pigment Industries.

15. Leather Tanning Industries.

16. Electro-plating Industries.

17. Chemical Industries

Coke Oven By-products and Coaltar Distillation products

Industrial Gases (nitrogen, oxygen, acetylene, argon, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, sulphur dioxide, nitrous oxide, halogenated hydrocarbon, ozone, etc.

Industrial Carbon

Alkalies and Acids

Chromates and dichromates

Lead and its compounds

Electro chemicals (metallic sodium, potassium and magnesium, chlorates, per chlorates and peroxides)

Electro thermal produces (artificial abrasive, calcium carbide)

Nitrogenous compounds (cyanides, cyanamides , and other nitrogenous compounds)

Phosphorus and its compounds

Halogens and Halogenated compounds (chlorine, flourine , bromine and iodine)

Explosives (including industrial explosives and detonators and fuses)

18. Insecticides, Fungicides, Herbicides and other Pesticides Industries.

19. Synthetic Resin and Plastics

20. Man-made Fiber ( Cellulosic and non- cellulosic ) industry.

21. Manufacture and repair of electrical accumulators.

22. Glass and Ceramics.

23. Grinding or glazing of metals.

24. Manufacture, handling and processing of asbestos and its products.

25. Extraction of oils and fats from vegetable and animal sources.

26. Manufacture, handling and use of benzene and substances containing benzene.

27. Manufacturing processes and operations involving carbon disulphide

28. Dyes and dyestuff including their intermediates.

29. Highly flammable liquids and gases.]

Factories Act, 1948 Back

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