Login : Advocate | Client
Home Post Your Case My Account Law College Law Library

Factories Act, 1948

[Act No. 63 of Year 1948 dated 23rd. September, 1948]

Sections Particulars
Chapter I Preliminary
1 Short title, extent and commencement
2 Interpretation
3 References to time of day
4 Power to declare different departments to be separate factories or two or more factories to be a single factory
5 Power to exempt during public emergency
6 Approval, licensing and registration of factories
7 Notice by occupier
Chapter II The Inspecting Staff
7A General duties of the occupier
7B General duties of manufacturers, etc., as regards articles and substances for use in factories
Chapter II The Inspecting Staff
8 Inspectors
9 Powers of Inspectors
10 Certifying surgeons
Chapter III Health
11 Cleanliness
12 Disposal of wastes and effluents
13 Ventilation and temperature
14 Dust and fume
15 Artificial humidification
16 Overcrowding
17 Lighting
18 Drinking water
19 Latrines and urinals
20 Spittoons
Chapter IV Safety
21 Fencing of machinery
22 Work on or near machinery in motion
23 Employment of young persons on dangerous machines
24 Striking gear and devices for cutting off power
25 Self-acting machines
26 Casing of new machinery
27 Prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton-openers
28 Hoists and lifts
29 Lifting machines, chains, ropes and lifting tackles
30 Revolving machinery
31 Pressure plant
32 Floors, stairs and means of access
33 Pits, sumps, opening in floors, etc.
34 Excessive weights
35 Protection of eyes
36 Precautions against dangerous fumes, gases, etc.
36A Precautions regarding the use of portable electric light
37 Explosive or inflammable dust, gas, etc.
38 Precautions in case of fire
39 Power to require specifications of defective parts or tests of stability
40 Safety of building and machinery
40A Maintenance of buildings
40B Safety officers
41 Power to make rules to supplement this Chapter
Chapter IV-A Provisions Relating To Hazardous Processes
41A Constitution of Site Appraisal Committees
41B Compulsory disclosure of information by the occupier
41C Specific responsibility of the occupier in relation to hazardous processes
41D Power of Central Government to appoint Inquiry Committee
41E Emergency standards
41F Permissible limits of exposure of chemical and toxic substances
41G Workers' participation in safety management
41H Right of workers to warn about imminent danger
Chapter V Welfare
42 Washing facilities
43 Facilities for storing and drying clothing
44 Facilities for sitting
45 First-aid appliances
46 Canteens
47 Shelters, rest rooms and lunch rooms
48 Creches
49 Welfare officers
50 Power to make rules to supplement this Chapter
Chapter VI Working Hours Of Adults
51 Weekly hours
52 Weekly holidays
53 Compensatory holidays
54 Daily hours
55 Intervals for rest
56 Spreadover
57 Night shifts
58 Prohibition of overlapping shifts
59 Extra wages for overtime
60 Restriction on double employment
61 Notice of periods of work for adults
62 Register of adult workers
63 Hours of work to correspond with notice under section 61 and register under section 62
64 Power to make exempting rules
65 Power to make exempting orders
66 Further restrictions on employment of women
Chapter VII Employment Of Young Persons
67 Prohibition of employment of young children
68 Non-adult workers to carry tokens
69 Certificates of fitness
70 Effect of certificate of fitness granted to adolescent
71 Working hours for children
72 Notice of period of work for children
73 Register of child workers
74 Hours of work to correspond with notice under section 72 and register under section 73
75 Power to require medical examination
76 Power to make rules
77 Certain other provisions of law not barred
Chapter VIII Annual Leave With Wages
78 Application of Chapter
79 Annual leave with wages
80 Wages during leave period
81 Payment in advance in certain cases
82 Mode of recovery of unpaid wages
83 Power to make rules
84 Power to exempt factories
Chapter IX Special Provisions
85 Power to apply the Act to certain premises
86 Power to exempt public institutions Power to apply the Act to certain premises
87 Dangerous operations
87A Power to prohibit employment on account of serious hazard
88 Notice of certain accidents
88A Notice of certain dangerous occurrences
89 Notice of certain diseases
90 Power to direct enquiry into cases of accident or disease Notice of certain diseases
91 Power to take samples
91A Safety and occupational health surveys
Chapter X Penalties And Procedure
92 General penalty for offences
93 Liability of owner of premises in certain circumstances
94 Enhanced penalty after previous conviction
95 Penalty for obstructing Inspector
96 Penalty for wrongfully disclosing results of analysis under section 91
96A Penalty for contravention of the provisions of sections 41B, 41C and 41H
97 Offences by workers
98 Penalty for using false certificate of fitness
99 Penalty for permitting double employment of child
101 Exemption of occupier or manager from liability in certain cases
102 Power of Court to make orders
103 Presumption as to employment
104 Onus as to age
104A Onus of providing limits of what is practicable, etc.
105 Cognizance of offences
106 Limitation of prosecutions
106A Jurisdiction of a court for entertaining proceedings, etc., for offence
Chapter XI Supplemental
107 Appeals
108 Display of notices
109 Service of notice
110 Returns
111 Obligations of workers
111A Right of workers, etc.
112 General power to make rules
113 Powers of Centre to give direction
114 No charge for facilities and conveniences
115 Publication of rules
116 Application of Act to government factories
117 Protection to persons acting under this Act
118 Restriction on disclosure of information
118A Restriction on disclosure of information
119 Act to have effect notwithstanding anything contained in Act 37 of 1970
120 Repeal and saving
  Schedule I
  Schedule II
  Schedule III

An Act to consolidate and amend the law regulating labor in factories.

WHEREAS it is expedient to consolidate and amend the law regulating labor in factories;

It is hereby enacted as follows:-

Bare Acts Back

Client Area | Advocate Area | Blogs | About Us | User Agreement | Privacy Policy | Advertise | Media Coverage | Contact Us | Site Map
powered and driven by neosys