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The Extradition Act, 1962

31. Restrictions on surrender. 3* [(1)] A fugitive criminal shall not be surrendered or returned to a foreign State 4***.

  1. If the  offence in  respect of  which his  surrender is sought is  of a  political character or if he proves to the satisfaction of the magistrate or court before whom he may  be produced  or of  the Central Government that the requisition or  warrant for  his surrender  has, in fact, been made with a view to try or punish him for an offence of a political character;-
  1. Ins. by s. Act of 66 of 1993 14 (w.e.f 18-12-1993 ).
  2. Omitted by s. 15, ibid (w.e.f 18-12-1993)
  3. Renumbered by s. 16 ibid (w.e.f. 18-12-1993).
  4. Omitted by s.  3 ibid. (w.e.f.  18-12-1993 ).
  1. If prosecution for the offence in respect of which his surrender is sought is according to the law of that State or country barred by time;
  2. 1*[unless  provision is made by that law of the foreign State or  in the  extradition treaty  with the  foreign State  that   the  fugitive   criminal  shall   not  be determined or  tried in that State for an offence other than--
  1. The extradition offence in relation to which he is to be surrendered or returned;
  2. any  lesser  offence  disclosed  by  the facts proved  for the  purposes  of  securing  his surrender or  return  other  than  an  offence  in relation to  which an  order for  his surrender or return could not be lawfully made; or
  3. The offence in respect of which the Central Government has given its consent;]
  1. if he  has been  accused of  some offence in India, not being the  offence for which his surrender or return is sought, or  is undergoing sentence under any conviction in India until after he has been discharged, whether by acquittal  or  on  expiration  of  his  sentence  or otherwise;
  2. until after  the expiration  of fifteen  days from  the date  of  his  being  committed  to  prison  by  the magistrate.
  1. 1*[For   the  purposes  of  sub-section  (1),  the  offence specified in  the Schedule  shall not  be regarded  as offences  of  a political character.
  2. The  Central Government  having  regard  to  the  extradition  treaty made  by India  with any  foreign State may, by notified order, add or omit any offence from the list given in the Schedule.]

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