Cost and Works Accountants Act, 1959
2. Definitions and interpretation
(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-
(a) "associate" means an associate member of the Institute;
(b) "cost accountant" means a person who is a member of the Institute.
(c) "Council" means the Council of the Institute;
(d) "dissolved company" means the Institute of Cost and Works Accountants registered under the Companies Act, 1956 (8 of 1956);
(e) "fellow" means a fellow of the Institute;
(f) "Institute" means the Institute of Cost and Works Accountants of India constituted under this Act;
(g) "prescribed" means prescribed by regulations made under this Act;
(h) "President" means the President of the Council;
(i) "Register" means the Register of members maintained under this Act;
(j) "Vice-President" means the Vice-President of the Council;
(k) "year" means the period commencing on the lst day of April of any year and ending on the 31st day of March of the succeeding year.
(2) Save as otherwise provided in this Act, a member of the Institute shall be deemed "to be in practice" when, individually or in partnership with one or more members of the Institute in practice, he, in consideration of remuneration received or to be received-
(i) engages himself in the practice of cost and works accountancy; or
(ii) offers to perform or performs services involving the costing or pricing of goods or services or the preparation, verification or certification of cost accounting and related statements or holds himself. out to the public as a cost accountant in practice; or
(iii) renders professional services or assistance in or about matters of principle or detail relating to cost accounting procedure or the recording, presentation or certification of costing facts or data; or
(iv) renders such other services as, in the opinion of the Council, are or may be rendered by a cost accountant in practice; and the words "to be in practice", with their grammatical variations and cognate expressions, shall be construed accordingly.
Explanation : A member of the Institute who is a whole-time salaried employee of any person shall not be deemed to be in practice within the meaning of this sub-section.