AdvocateKhoj
Login : Advocate | Client
Home Post Your Case My Account Law College Law Library
    

The Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act, 2016, no. 38 of 2016

[3rd August, 2016.]

An Act to provide for the establishment of funds under the public accounts of India and the public accounts of each State and crediting thereto the monies received from the user agencies towards compensatory afforestation, additional compensatory afforestation, penal compensatory afforestation, net present value and all other amounts recovered from such agencies under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980; constitution of an authority at national level and at each of the State and Union territory Administration for administration of the funds and to utilise the monies so collected for undertaking artificial regeneration (plantations), assisted natural regeneration, protection of forests, forest related infrastructure development, Green India Programme, wildlife protection and other related activities and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

WHEREAS the Supreme Court in its order in T.N. Godavarman Thirumulpad vs. Union of India and Others [Writ Petition (Civil) No. 202 of 1995], dated the 30th October, 2002, observed that a Compensatory Afforestation Fund be created in which all the monies received from the user agencies towards compensatory afforestation, additional compensatory afforestation, penal compensatory afforestation, net present value of the diverted forest land or catchment area treatment plan shall be deposited;

AND WHEREAS it had also been observed that the money received from the user agencies in cases where forest land diverted falls within protected areas, that is, the areas notified under the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 (35 of 1972) for undertaking activities related to protection of biodiversity or wildlife shall also be deposited in the Fund;

AND WHEREAS the Supreme Court has directed that, besides artificial regeneration (Plantations), the Fund shall also be utilised for undertaking assisted natural regeneration, protection of forests, infrastructure development, wildlife protection and other related activities and an independent system of concurrent monitoring and evaluation should be evolved and implemented through the Compensatory Afforestation Fund to ensure effective and proper utilisation of funds;

AND WHEREAS the Supreme Court in its judgment dated 26th September, 2005 in the said Writ Petition observed that the Fund generated for protecting ecology and providing regeneration should not be treated as a Fund under article 266 and article 283 of the Constitution;

AND WHEREAS in its direction dated the 5th May, 2006, the Supreme Court had directed that since the Government has not constituted a Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (hereinafter referred to as Authority), an ad hoc Authority should be constituted till the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority becomes operational and directed to centrally pool the money recovered on behalf of the said Authority lying in the States and Union territories into the ad hoc Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority;

AND WHEREAS Central Government formulated guidelines dated the 2nd July, 2009 on the subject of State Authority for utilisation of funds lying with the ad hoc Authority;

AND WHEREAS in its direction dated the 10th July, 2009, the Supreme Court had directed that the guidelines and structure of the State Authority prepared by the Central Government may be notified and implemented;

AND WHEREAS in its directions dated the 10th July, 2009, the Supreme Court further directed that till an alternative system is put in place, after obtaining permission from the Supreme Court, the money towards compensatory afforestation, net present value and protected areas (national parks, wildlife sanctuaries) shall continue to be deposited in the ad hoc Authority; AND WHEREAS in compliance of the directions of the Supreme Court including its order dated the 5th May, 2006, over rupees thirty eight thousand crores as collected by the State Governments and Union territory Administrations have been placed under the ad hoc Authority, and deposited in the nationalised banks;

AND WHEREAS absence of permanent institutional mechanism for utilisation of funds collected by the State Governments and Union territory Administrations is the main reason for accumulation of huge unspent funds in the ad hoc Authority; NOW, THEREFORE, based on the above orders, directions and observations of the Supreme Court to ensure safety, security and expeditious utilisation in a transparent manner of funds accumulated with the ad hoc Authority and the funds to be collected by the State Governments and Union territory Administrations, it is proposed to create a National Compensatory Afforestation Fund and a National Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority at the national level, and a State Compensatory Afforestation Fund and a State Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority in each State and Union territory, by an Act of Parliament. BE it enacted by Parliament in the Sixty-seventh Year of the Republic of India as follows:-



Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act, 2016 Back




Client Area | Advocate Area | Blogs | About Us | User Agreement | Privacy Policy | Advertise | Media Coverage | Contact Us | Site Map
powered and driven by neosys