Atomic Energy Act, 1962
14. Control over production and use of atomic energy
(1) The Central Government may, subject to such rules as may be made in this behalf, by order prohibit except under a license granted by it-
( i ) the working of any mine or minerals specified in the order, being a mine or minerals from which in the opinion of the Central Government any of the prescribed substances can be obtained;
(ii) the acquisition, production, possession, use, disposal, export or import-
(a) of any of the prescribed substances; or
(b) of any minerals or other substances specified in the rules, from which in the opinion of the Central Government any of the prescribed substances can be obtained; or
(c) of any plant designed or adopted or manufactured for the production, development and use of atomic energy or for research into matters connected therewith; or
(d) of any prescribed equipment.
(2) Nothing in this section shall affect the authority of the Central Government to refuse a license for the purpose of this section or to include in a license such conditions as the Central Government thinks fit or to revoke a license and the Central Government may take any action as aforesaid.
(3) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provisions, the rules referred to in this section may provide for-
(a) the extent to which information in the possession of, or which has been made available to, the person granted a license for purposes of this section, should be regarded as restricted information;
(b) the extent to which the area or premises under the control of the person to whom a license has been granted for purposes of this section, should be regarded as a prohibited area;
(c) the conditions and criteria for location of any installation or operation of any plant in respect of which a license has been granted or is intended to be granted for the purposes of this section including those necessary for protection against radiation and safe disposal of harmful by-products or wastes;
(d) the extent of the licensee’s liability in respect of any hurt to any person or any damage to property caused by ionising radiators or any radioactive contamination either at the plant under license or in the surrounding area;
(e) provision by licensee either by insurance or by such other means as the Central Government may approve, of sufficient funds to be available at all time to ensure settlement of any claims in connection with the use of the site or the plant under license which have been or may be duly established against the licensee in respect of any hurt to any person or any damage to any property caused by ionising radiations emitted at the plant under license or radioactive contamination either at the plant under license or in surrounding areas;
(f) obligatory qualifications, security clearances, hours of employment, minimum leave and periodical medical examination of the persons employed and any other requirement or restriction or prohibition on the employer, employed persons and other persons; and
(g) such other incidental and supplementary provisions including provisions for inspection and also for the sealing of premises and seizure, retention and disposal of any article in respect of which there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that a contravention of the rules has been committed, as the Central Government considers necessary.
(4) The Central Government may also prescribe the fees payable for issue of licenses under sub-section (1).