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Advocates Act, 1961

(Act no. 25 of 1961)








Chapter I



Short title, extend and commencement



Chapter II

Bar Councils


State Bar Councils


Bar Council of India


Bar Council to be body corporate


Functions of State Bar Councils


Functions of Bar Council of India


Membership in International Bodies


Terms of office of Members of State Bar Council


Constitution of Special Committee in the absence of elections


Disciplinary committees


Constitution of Legal Aids Committee


Constitution of committees other than disciplinary committees


Transaction of Business by Bar Councils and committees thereof


Disqualification of Members of Bar Council


Staff or Bar Council


Accounts and audit


Vacancies in Bar Councils and Committees thereof not to invalidate   action taken


Election of Bar Council not to be questioned on certain grounds


Power to make rules

Chapter III

Admission And Enrolment Of Advocates


Senior an other advocates


State Bar Councils to maintain roll of advocates


Transfer of name from one State roll to another


State Bar Council to send copies of rolls of advocates to the Bar    Council of India


Special provision for enrolment of certain Supreme Court Advocates


Disputes regarding seniority


Certificate of enrolment


Right of pre-audience


Persons who may be admitted as advocates on a State roll


Disqualification for enrolment


Authority to whom applications for enrolment may be made


Disposal of an application for admission as an Advocate


Power to remove names from roll


Application once refused not to be entertained by another Bar Council except in certain circumstances


Power to make rules 

 Chapter IV

Right To Practice 


Advocates to be the only recognized class of persons entitled to     Practice law


Right of Advocates to practice 




Power of Court to permit appearances in particular cases


Advocates alone entitled to practice 


Power of High Courts to make rules

 Chapter V

Conduct Of Advocates 


Punishment of Advocates for misconduct 


Disciplinary powers of Bar Council of India


Changes in constitution of disciplinary committees


Disposal of disciplinary proceedings


Appeal to the Bar Council of India


Appeal to the Supreme Court


Application of sections 5 and 12 of Limitation Act, 1963


Stay of order 


Alteration in roll of Advocates 


Powers of disciplinary committee 


Powers of Bar Council of India and other Committee India and other Committee


Cost of proceedings before a disciplinary committee


Review of orders by disciplinary committee

 Chapter VI



Penalty for persons illegally practicing in courts and before other authorities 




Financial Assistance to State Bar Councils 




Indemnity against legal proceedings


Power of Revision




Power to give directions


General power of the Bar Council of India to make rules


Power of Central Government to make rules


Repeal of certain enactments


Rule of construction



 Chapter VII

Temporary And Transitional Provisions 


Elections to first State Bar Council 


Terms of office of members of first State Bar Council


Rights of certain existing legal practitioners not affected 


Dissolution of existing Bar Council


Power to make rules pending the constitution of a Bar Council


Special provisions during the transitional period


Special provision with respect to certain Advocates


Special provisions in relation to Union Territory of Pondicherry


Special provisions with respect to certain provisions enrolled by Mysore State Bar Council


Special provisions with respect to certain provisions enrolled by Uttar Pradesh State Bar Council


Special provisions with respect to certain persons migrating to India


Special provisions in relation to the Union Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu


Special provisions in relation to Jammu and Kashmir


Special provisions in relation to Articled Clerks


Special provisions relating to certain disciplinary proceedings


Removal of difficulties


Power of Central Government to make rules



The Advocate Act, 1961

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