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Society Act


Comparison between society and company

A society is a non-commercial organization, form for the promotion of the object like art, culture, science, religion etc.

Under the provisions of Section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956, a company can also be formed for non-profit objectives. These may not be charitable. These companies are also allowed to drop the words ‘limited’ or ‘private limited’ from their names. The promoters while deciding whether to register themselves as a society or as section 25 company may keep the following distinctive feature in mind:

Features

Society under Societies Registration Act, 1860

Company under Section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956

Objects

Charitable, literary, scientific, etc,

Non-profit activities

Formation

Procedure is simple and easy

Procedure is complicated

Name

Selection of name is not difficult

Name has to be got approved from the Registrar of the Companies

Management

Management of society is easy and simple and not much restrictions imposed under the Act

Provisions of the Companies Act have to complied with and/or complex and laborious, rigid and time consuming

Meetings

Annual meeting of society has to be held as per provisions in the Act. Meeting of governing body are held as prescribed in the rules of the society

All the meetings are to be held as per provisions of the Companies Act, 1956

Penalties

Very few offences and penalties have been prescribed

Provisions under the Companies Act are more stringent and attract more penalties.

Reputation

Registered societies enjoy same reputation as companies

Companies enjoy reputation of status

Legal Entity

A registered society is a legal entity with certain limitations

A registered company is a legal entity.



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