Public Interest Litigation
Who Can File a Public Interest Litigation?
Earlier it was only a person whose interest was directly affected along with others, whereby his fundamental right is affected who used to file such litigation.
Now, the trend has changed, and, any Public-spirited person can file a case (PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION) on behalf of a group of person, whose rights are effected.
It is not necessary, that person filing a case should have a direct interest in this PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION
For e.g. a person in Bombay, can file a PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION for, some labor workers being exploited in Madhya Pradesh or as someone filed a PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION in supreme court for taking action against Cracker factory in Sivakasi Tamil Nadu, for employing child labor or the case where a standing practicing lawyer filed a PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION challenged a government policy to transfer High Court judges and similarly a lawyer filed a PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION for release of 80 under trials in a jail, who had spent more number of years in jail, than the period prescribed as punishment for offence, for which they were tried.
It is clear that, any person, can file a PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION on behalf of group of affected people. However it will depend on every facts of case, whether it should be allowed or not.