Public Interest Litigation
The court can afford an early interim measure to protect the public interest till the final order for example:
Release of under trial on personal bonds ordering release of all under trial who have been imprisoned for longer time, than the punishment period, free legal aid to the prisoners, imposing an affirmative duty on magistrates to inform under trial prisoners of their right to bail and legal aid. Or
Closure of Industrial plant emitting poisonous gas, setting up victim compensation scheme, ordering the plaint reopening subject to extensive directions etc. Or
Prohibiting cutting of trees or making provisions for discharge of sewage, till the disposal of final petition.
Relief in most of the PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION cases in the Supreme Court is obtained through interim orders.