A mortgage is the transfer of an interest in specific immovable property for the purpose of securing the payment of money advanced or to be advanced by way of loan, an existing or future debt, or the performance of an engagement which may give rise to a pecuniary liability.
The transferor is called a mortgagor, the transferee a mortgagee; the principal money and interest of which payment is secured for the time being are called the mortgage-money, and the instrument (if any) by which the transfer is effected is called a mortgage-deed.
Creation of Mortgage
Where the principle money secured is one hundred rupees or upwards, a mortgage otherwise than a mortgage by deposit by title deeds can be effected only by a registered instrument signed by the mortgagor and attested by at least two witnesses. When the principle money secured is less than one hundred rupees, mortgage may be effected either by a registered instrument signed by the mortgagor and attested as aforesaid, or (except in the case of a simple mortgage) by delivery of the property.