Rajesh Kagra &
Ors. Vs. State of M.P.& Ors.  INSC 752 (17 September 2010)
IN THE SUPREME COURT
OF INDIA CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION SPECIAL LEAVE PETITION (C) No.3009 of
2009 WITH SPECIAL LEAVE PETITION (C) NOS. 3029-3031 OF 2009 SPECIAL LEAVE
PETITION (C) NO. 30579 OF 2009
Leave Petition(C) No. 3009 of 2009 has been preferred against the order dated
31st July, 2008 passed in Writ Appeal No. 383 of 2008. In Special Leave
Petition (C) Nos. 3029-3031 of 2009, petitioners assail the order dated 31st 2
July, 2008 passed by the Madhya Pradesh High Court in Writ Appeal No. 350 of
2008 and Writ Appeal No. 356 of 2008. Writ Appeal Nos. 350, 356 and 383 of 2008
have been dismissed by a common order dated 31st July, 2008 whereby the appeals
preferred by the petitioners against the order dated 25th February, 2008 passed
in Writ Petition No. 1295 of 2004 have been dismissed on the ground that the
petitioners have no locus standi to prefer appeals and while doing so, it has
been observed that in case their rights in any manner are affected, they have
to agitate the same by filing separate writ petition.
By order dated 5th
September, 2008, passed in MCC No. 689 of 2008, the review application
preferred against the aforesaid order has been dismissed.
Appeal No. 276 of 2009 has been dismissed by order dated 13th August, 2009,
relying on the judgment passed by the High Court in Writ Appeal No. 350 of 2008,
which has been assailed in Special Leave Petition (C) No. 25083 of 2009.
As the validity of
the order passed in Writ Appeal No. 350 of 2008 is under consideration in
Special Leave Petition (C) Nos. 3 3029-3031 of 2009, this petition will have
the same fate as those Special Leave Petitions.
Special Leave Petition(C) No. 30579 of 2009 has been preferred against an
interim order dated 11th November, 2009 passed by the learned Single Judge in
Writ Petition No. 5203 of 2009 whereby the High Court while issuing notice
declined to grant any interim relief.
the purpose of disposal of these petitions, we have adverted to the pleadings
in Special Leave Petition(C) Nos. 3029-3031 of 2009. Respondent Nos. 3 to 5
herein filed the writ petition; praying for correction of their position in the
gradation list of Assistant Engineers and after such correction to promote them
as Executive Engineers from the date their juniors were promoted. These reliefs
were sought for, inter alia, on the ground that respondent nos. 3 to 7 of the
writ petition - respondent nos. 6 to 10 herein, were promoted from Junior
Engineers to Assistant Engineers in excess of their quota and therefore they
are juniors to them. Petitioners 4 herein are down below them in gradation
list and undisputedly juniors to both of them. The learned Single Judge by
order dated 25th February, 2008 in Writ Petition No. 1295 of 2004 disposed of
the writ petition with the following directions:
"(1) That the
respondents are directed to re-fix the placement of the petitioners in the
gradation list of Assistant Engineers showing the position as on 01.4.2001
after considering the observations made by this Court and calculating the fact
that at the time of absorption of Junior Engineers as Assistant Engineers how
many posts were sanctioned of Assistant Engineers and whether direct recruitees
had a quota for promotion and if the department found that the Junior Engineers
who were absorbed as Assistant Engineers they were in excess of the quota or their
posts were not sanctioned by the department as Assistant Engineers, certainly
they cannot be placed above the petitioners.
circumstances, the placement of the petitioners be modified accordingly;
modification in the placement of the petitioners in the gradation list of 2001,
the petitioners are entitled for consequential relief of promotion etc. that
may also be given to the petitioners;
(3) the aforesaid
exercise be completed within a period of three months from the date of receipt
of a certified copy of this order.
(4) No order as to
petitioners who were not party in the writ petition and do not claim seniority
over either the petitioners or respondents of the writ petition having entered
into the service much later than both of them challenged the aforesaid order of
the learned Single Judge 5 in Writ Appeals on various grounds including the
ground that after long lapse of time, the High Court ought not to have directed
for preparation of fresh gradation list. By the impugned order, the appeals
have been dismissed on the ground that they have no locus standi to prefer
appeals and while doing so, observed that in case their rights are affected,
they may file separate writ petition. An application for review of the aforesaid
order was filed which has also been dismissed by order dated 5th September,
2008 passed in M.C.C. No. 689 of 2008.
have heard learned Counsel for the parties and perused the records.
is contended on behalf of the petitioners that the direction to grant
consequential benefits has directly affected the petitioners and therefore the
High Court erred in holding that the petitioners have no locus standi to file
the appeals. Respondents, however, contend that the High Court has rightly held
that the petitioners have no locus 6 standi to file appeals and relegated them
to the remedy of fresh petition.
do not find any substance in the submission of the learned Counsel for the
petitioners. As the petitioners do not claim seniority over them, and the
writ-petitioners having admittedly senior to them, they were not necessary
party. Direction to grant consequential benefits is dependent upon the
placement of the writ petitioners in the seniority list vis-a-vis the
respondents of the writ petitions.
Petitioners herein do
not claim seniority over either of them.
The plea of the
petitioners that the respondents of the writ petitions who have been held
junior to the writ petitioners have retired and the writ-petitioners still in
service, hence latter would not come in their way for further promotion whereas
the former would, is a fortuitous circumstance to confer right on them to
challenge the order of the learned Single Judge. In our opinion, writ
petitioners coming in their way for further promotions could not be a ground to
hold that the petitioners have locus standi to challenge the 7 order of the
learned Single Judge deciding inter se seniority between two groups of
Assistant Engineers over whom, petitioners do not claim any seniority. On the
basis of the seniority list, either the writ petitioners would have got the
promotional post or the respondents herein but in no case the petitioners
herein would have legitimately claimed those posts.
are of the opinion that the High Court did not err in holding that petitioners
have no locus standi to challenge the order and relegating them to the remedy
of fresh petitions. In case petitioners seek to take recourse to the remedy of
fresh petitions all the contentions raised herein shall remain open.
Leave Petition(C) No. 30579 of 2009 is against the issuance of notice and
declining to pass interim order, hence, we are not inclined to interfere with
the said order at this stage.
dismiss all the petitions with the observations aforesaid.
(HARJIT SINGH BEDI)
(CHANDRAMAULI KR. PRASAD)