Vs. State Rep. by Inspector of Police  INSC 559 (28 July 2010)
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CRIMINAL APPELLATE JURISDICTION CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 515
OF 2007 Arumugam ....Appellant Versus The State represented by its Inspector of
SINGH BEDI, J.
This appeal by way of special leave at the instance of the
solitary accused arises out of the following facts:
Saroja was the second wife of PW2, the appellant's father and,
therefore, the step mother of the appellant. PW5 was the appellant's step
sister having been born out of the marriage of PW2 and the deceased whereas PW3
was the husband of PW5. All the persons aforementioned were residents of
village Thuluvaspushpagiri and were agriculturists by profession.
lost his first wife, the mother of the appellant, about 22 years prior to the
date of the incident, and one year after her death PW2 had married the deceased
Saroja. It appears Crl. Appeal No.515/2007 2 that Saroja was a lady of easy
virtue and was involved with several persons in the village which had annoyed
the appellant and he often asked her to behave in a dignified way.
deceased, however, told the appellant that it is not his business to interfere
in her affairs as she was an independent person and entitled to live her life
as she pleased. Saroja's affairs, however, continued to rankle the appellant.
At about 9 a.m. on 19th March 2000, PW5 and the deceased went to
the field to perform their daily agricultural operations.
11 a.m. the appellant also arrived at that place and called out to the deceased
to help him lift a bundle of firewood. The deceased walked towards the
appellant and both of them went into the sugarcane field. A short while later
the appellant alone returned and when questioned by PW5 told him that he had
strangled and killed Saroja. The appellant also appeared before PW1 the Village
Administrative Officer at 4 p.m. and made an extra judicial confession that he
had murdered his step mother. The statement given by the appellant was reduced
to writing (Ex.P-1) by PW1 and he also took the appellant to Santhavasal Police
Station and handed him over along with the document Ex.P-1 to the Head
Constable. A case was accordingly registered against the appellant under
Section 302 of the IPC. The investigation was, however, taken over by PW15 the
Inspector of Police, Arni Taluk, who was holding the additional charge of
Santhavasal Police Station. PW15 reached the place of Crl. Appeal No.515/2007 3
incident and recorded the statement of various witnesses and on the statement
made by the appellant recovered the rope used for strangling the deceased. The
dead body was also sent to the hospital for its post-mortem examination which was
performed the next day at about 4 p.m. by PW10, the Civil Assistant Surgeon,
attached to the Government Hospital, who found the following injury on the dead
ligature mark seen above thyroid cartilage encircling the neck completely.
of the ligature mark was 3 cm in size."
The Doctor after receiving the report of the Chemical Analyst
opined that the death was on account of Asphyxia due to strangulation and that
the death had occurred between the 27-30 hours prior to the autopsy. On the
completion of the investigation, a charge sheet was filed against the
court on the basis of the evidence of PW1 to whom the appellant had made the
extra judicial confession which had been reduced to the writing Ex.P1 which
formed the basis of FIR and the fact that the medical evidence supported the
contents of the extra judicial confession and that as per the statement of PW5
the appellant had often called her mother as being of low character woman which
constituted the motive for the offence, convicted and sentenced him to
imprisonment for life under Section 302 of the IPC. The judgment of the trial
court was thereafter challenged in Crl. Appeal No.515/2007 4 appeal in the High
Court which too has been dismissed leading to the filing of the present appeal.
It has been argued that the conviction of the appellant only on
the basis of the extra judicial confession was not called for in the light of
the fact that PW2 the father of the appellant, his sister PW5 and her husband
PW3 had turned hostile and had not supported the prosecution. It has
accordingly been contended that there was, in fact, no valid evidence which
could be utilized for making an order of conviction. It has also been submitted
that as per the prosecution story the statement Ex.P1 had been recorded at 4
p.m. but the FIR on its basis had been recorded at 6 p.m. though the office of
the Village Administrative Officer and the Police Station shared a common wall,
was also a factor fatal to the prosecution story, as the delay had not been
explained. It has also been pleaded that the medical evidence did not support
the ocular evidence in the light of the fact that (as per the Doctor) the body
was in a decomposed state and the occurrence had therefore happened before 11 a.m.
on the 19th March 2000.
The learned State counsel has, however, pointed out that both the
trial court and the High Court on an appreciation of the evidence had recorded
the conviction against him and there was absolutely no reason whatsoever to discard
the statement of PW1 to whom the appellant had made an extra Crl. Appeal
No.515/2007 5 judicial confession and that the medical evidence fully supported
the prosecution story far from the contradicting it.
We have heard the learned counsel for the parties and gone through
the record. As per the prosecution story, the incident happened at 11 a.m. on
19 th March 2000 in the fields adjoining village Thuluvaspushpagiri. Soon after
committing the murder the appellant made a confession to PW5 his step sister
that he had murdered her mother and, thereafter, repeated the same to PW1, the
Village Administrative Officer who recorded the same in Ex.P1 a written
memorandum which was handed over in the Police Station at 6 p.m. leading to the
registration of the FIR. It is true that an extra judicial confession is often
called a weak type of evidence but we find that the present case has certain
distinctive features. It is of significance that the appellant had made the
extra judicial confession to PW5 and thereafter to PW1 within a very short time
and had not attempted to run away and he had been handed over to the police by
the Village Administrative Officer at about 6 p.m. at the time when the FIR had
admitted in her statement that the appellant was annoyed with the deceased as
he suspected her of being of low character and an embarrassment to him and he
had often asked her to mend her behaviour to which she had responded that she
would live life on her terms and it was not his business to interfere in her
life. It is true that the appellant's father PW4 and brother-in-law PW3 had
turned hostile but Crl. Appeal No.515/2007 6 their evidence would have been
merely to the effect that the appellant had found fault in the deceased's
behaviour and in the background of the statement of PW5 that the appellant was
indeed annoyed with her mother, the factum of PWs.4 and 3 having turned hostile
would not adversely affect the prosecution story.
The medical evidence far from contradicting the ocular evidence
clearly supports it. It has been submitted by the learned counsel for the
appellant that body was in a decomposed state on the 20th March 2000 at 4 p.m.
when it was subjected to the post mortem examination which indicated that the
incident must have happened much before 11 a.m. There is a basic flaw in this
evidence. The Post mortem certificate Ex.P8 shows that the post mortem had
commenced at 4 p.m. and the finding was of a fracture in the body of the
thyroid bone and that the deceased would appear to have died due to
strangulation 27 to 30 hours prior to the commencement of the post-mortem. In
this background, it can, by no stretch of imagination, be said that the death
had occurred prior to 11 a.m. on the 19th of March. The cause of death also reveals
that the death had been caused by strangulation with a rope as there was
ligature mark on the neck. It has been submitted by the learned counsel for the
appellant that as per the evidence of PW5 the deceased was a healthy and strong
woman and was perhaps physically stronger than the appellant. An inference is,
thus, sought to Crl. Appeal No.515/2007 7 be drawn that in this situation, it
would have been well nigh impossible for the appellant to have strangulated
her. We absolutely find no merit in this submission as well.
clear from the evidence that the appellant had prepared well for the day and
had apparently hidden the rope in the field much earlier. It looks, therefore,
that the deceased, though a strong woman, had been overwhelmed by a sudden
attack and strangulated with the rope, as no other injuries which could show
signs of a struggle, were found on the dead body.
For the reasons mentioned above, we endorse the findings of the
High Court and the trial court and dismiss the appeal.
..........................J. (Harjit Singh Bedi)