Jitender Vs. State of M.P.  INSC 486 (5 March 2009)
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CRIMINAL APPELLATE JURISDICTION CRIMINAL APPEAL No. 679
OF 2006 JITU @ JITENDER ... Appellant(s) Versus STATE OF M.P. ... Respondent(s)
in this appeal is to the judgment of a Division Bench of the Madhya Pradesh
High Court, Indore Bench upholding the conviction of the appellant for offence
punishable under Section 302 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (in short 'IPC'). Four persons faced trial for allegedly
committing murder of one Umesh (hereinafter referred to as the 'deceased').
Accused-Mukesh died during the pendency of the trial, while another accused
Pappu@Deepak was acquitted by the trial court.
It is stated
that on 17.11.1995, the occurrence took place in which due to the assaults made
by the accused persons Umesh breathed his last, while three of the persons -2-
Bhagirath PW8, Bherulal PW9 and Yogesh PW10 sustained injuries. On the basis of
the information lodged by PW8 law was set into motion and investigation was
conducted. On completion of investigation, charge sheet was filed. Reliance was
placed on the evidence of PWs 8,9 and 10 by the trial court to record,
conviction, so far as accused Rakesh and present appellant-Jitu @ Jitender are
It is to
be noted that the accused persons were charged for offences punishable under
Section 302 read with Section 34 and Section 324 read with Section 34 IPC. As
noted above, accused-Mukesh died during the pendency of the trial and
accused-Deepak was acquitted of the charges.
interesting to note that the accused Rakesh was convicted only for offence
punishable under Section 324 IPC. There is no discussion as to why he was
acquitted of charges under Section 302 read with Section 34 IPC. Be that as it
may, accused Rakesh was found guilty of offence punishable under Section 324
IPC and the present appellant was held guilty of offence punishable under
Section 302 IPC.
appellant's appeal before the High Court was dismissed. Primary stand before
the High Court was that the place of occurrence has been changed, and entirely
different version as to how the incident took place was given and, therefore,
the prosecution version should not have been -3- accepted. The High Court found
no substance in the appeal and, as noted above, dismissed it.
taken before the High Court is reiterated in the present appeal by the learned
counsel for the appellant. Learned counsel for the respondent-State supported
the judgment of the High Court.
It is to
be noted that PW8, the informant on whose evidence trial court and the High
Court placed reliance had categorically stated that it was accused Rakesh who
had attacked the deceased with a sword, and he was not sure as to how the other
two accused persons including the present appellant attacked the deceased. The
evidence of PW9 shows that the accused Jitu@Jitender had given a blow on the
belly. The Doctor found no injury on the belly, but same was on the back side. In
this scenario, it would be difficult to uphold the conviction of the appellant
for offence punishable under Section 302 IPC. Accordingly, the conviction of
the appellant is altered to Section 326 IPC. We find it strange that though the
evidence of PW8 was accepted, no conviction was recorded so far as the present
appellant is concerned for the assaults made by him on Bhagirath PW8. There are
several disturbing factors. Strongly, the State has not questioned the
conviction of Rakesh for offence punishable under Section 324 IPC and non -4-
recording of any conviction insofar as the present appellant is concerned in
respect of injuries inflicted by him on Bhagirath PW8.
the nature of injuries, the conviction of the present appellant is altered to
one under Section 326 IPC and custodial sentence of seven years is imposed upon
him. It is stated that the appellant has already undergone the sentence of more
than seven years. If that be so, he shall be released from custody forthwith
unless required to be in custody in connection with any other case.
appeal is allowed to the aforesaid extent.
...................J. (Dr. ARIJIT PASAYAT)
....................J. ((ASOK KUMAR GANGULY)
March 05, 2009.