Sharma Vs. State of M.P.  INSC 1152 (7 July 2009)
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION CIVIL APPEAL NO. 2434 OF
2006 Babu Lal Sharma .... Appellant Versus State of Madhya Pradesh ....
Mukundakam Sharma, J.
By this judgment and order we propose to dispose of this appeal
which has been filed by the appellant-plaintiff being aggrieved by the judgment
and order passed in the second appeal by the High Court of Madhya Pradesh.
The appellant-plaintiff filed a suit seeking for a decree for
declaration of his title in respect of the suit property comprising Khasra No.
1709, Rakba No. 1.84 situated at village Bagota, Tehsil Narsinghgarh Purva,
District Chhattarpur, Madhya Pradesh. The case as pleaded in the plaint was
that the aforesaid land earlier comprised of an area of 1.84 acres of land
which was under the title and possession of Mahadev Prasad Richharia, the
father of the appellant-plaintiff out of which some portion was under the
physical use of Mahadev Prasad Richharia on which a house was constructed and
some other portion was surrounded by `Bari'. It was also alleged that from the
aforesaid Khasra No. 1709 consisting of 1.84 acres of area, 0.53 decimal of
land was sold to one Chhedilal Gupta in the year 1945 and that Mahadev Prasad
Richharia, the father of the appellant-plaintiff had executed a sale deed to
that effect in favour of Chhedilal Gupta and had also handed over the
possession to him on the date of sale of the land. It was further alleged that
after the aforesaid sale of land the remaining portion of disputed land i.e.
1.31 acres of land remained under the title and possession of Mahadev Prasad
Richharia, the father of the appellant- plaintiff. After the death of Mahadev
Prasad Richharia, Babu Lal Sharma, the appellant-plaintiff became his successor
and, therefore, owned and possessed the said disputed area of 1.31 acres.
Subsequently, however, it came to his knowledge that the Patwari of village
Bagota without any order of the competent authority entered the disputed land
as Government land in the revenue records somewhere in the year 1953-54
although the said land was being shown in the name of Mahadev Prasad Richharia,
the 2 father of the appellant-plaintiff in the revenue records for the year
Consequently, an application for rectification was moved by the
appellant- plaintiff in the revenue court alleging that since the entry with
respect to the disputed land was entered in the revenue record as Government
land by Patwari of village Bagota without the order of the competent authority
which fact became known to the appellant-plaintiff only in the year 1984, the
said record ought to be rectified. The said application filed by the
appellant-plaintiff was, however, rejected by the revenue court on 20.04.1984
An appeal against the aforesaid order was filed by the
appellant-plaintiff in the court of Sub-Divisional Officer which was allowed by
an order dated 26.06.1988 and the matter was remanded back to the court of
Tehsildar, Chhattarpur for fresh consideration. The Tehsildar, Chhattarpur
reconsidered the matter but, however, passed an order on 10.11.1995 against the
Being aggrieved by the aforesaid order of Tehsildar, Chhattarpur
an appeal was filed in the court of Sub-Divisional Officer which was dismissed
by the Sub-Divisional Officer.
Consequently, the appellant-plaintiff filed a suit in the court of
2nd Civil Judge, Class-I, Chhattarpur, Madhya Pradesh bearing Civil Suit No.
96-A of 1998 seeking for a decree of declaration of title, ownership and
possession. In the said suit it was alleged that 0.53 decimal of land was sold
to one Chhedilal Gupta by Mahadev Prasad Richharia, the father of the
appellant-plaintiff in the year 1945 from Khasra No. 1709 consisting of 1.84
acres of land. A notice under Section 248 of the Madhya Pradesh State Revenue
Code was issued to Chhedilal Gupta when he started construction of a house on
the aforesaid land. In the said case an order was passed imposing a fine of Rs.
1500/- along with an order of eviction from the land against Chhedilal Gupta.
As against the aforesaid order of fine and eviction Dr. Pannalal
Gupta, the son of Chhedilal Gupta filed a civil suit for declaration of title
in the civil court. Although the trial court dismissed the aforesaid civil
suit, the first appellate court granted a decree in favour of Dr. Pannalal
Gupta in respect of said 0.53 decimal of land.
It was stated that the aforesaid case ultimately came to the
Supreme Court whereupon the Supreme Court dismissed the appeal filed by the
State of Madhya Pradesh. Accordingly, the decree passed by the first appellate
4 court in favour of Dr. Pannalal Gupta was affirmed. In view of the same, it
was alleged that the remaining portion of the land measuring 1.31 acres could
not have been entered into the revenue records as Government land by the
The aforesaid suit was contested by the respondent herein and upon
framing of the issues on the pleadings of the parties, the parties led their
evidence. On completion of the trial of the suit, the trial court dismissed the
suit filed by the plaintiff-appellant.
The appellant being aggrieved by the aforesaid judgment and order
preferred an appeal. The first appellate court after hearing the appeal
reversed the judgment and order passed by the trial court and passed a decree
in favour of the plaintiff-appellant. The respondent-State being aggrieved by
the aforesaid judgment and order filed a second appeal bearing No. 372 of 2002
in the High Court of Madhya Pradesh which was admitted on 08.10.2003. After
admitting the appeal the High Court heard the appeal and by a detailed judgment
and decree passed on 19.10.2005 allowed the appeal and set aside the decision
of the first appellate court.
The present appeal is filed by the appellant-plaintiff against the
aforesaid judgment and decree passed by the High Court.
The learned counsel appearing for the appellant-plaintiff relied
upon the judgment and decree passed by the first appellate court in respect of
0.53 decimal of land which was allegedly a part of the disputed land initially.
It was submitted that the said land being a part of the suit land in the
present case and a decree having already been passed in favour of the
appellant- plaintiff and the said land having been transferred by Mahadev
Prasad Richharia, the father of the appellant-plaintiff only in favour of
Chhedilal Gupta, the predecessor-in-interest of Dr. Pannalal Gupta, the said
decree should have been relied upon and referred to in the present case since
the said decision had relevance and bearing while deciding the present case.
for the respondent however refuted the submission contradicting inter alia that
the judgment in respect of 0.53 decimal of land has no relevance at all as the
said judgment was passed in respect of another piece of land and the parties
were also different.
In the light of the aforesaid submissions of the learned counsel
appearing for the parties we have perused the records including the judgments
passed by all the three courts below. Our attention was drawn to the various
documents placed on record which were exhibited in the suit.
In our considered opinion reliance placed on the judgment of the
various courts including the Supreme Court in respect of the land measuring
0.53 decimal which was allegedly sold by Mahadev Prasad Richharia, the father
of the appellant-plaintiff to Chhedilal Gupta is totally misplaced. The said
land was transferred way back in the year 1945. We are here concerned with an
area of land measuring 1.31 acres only. The said land is entered in the revenue
records in the name of the Government of Madhya Pradesh.
revenue courts have given a finding against the appellant-plaintiff.
In the documents which are exhibited it is clearly mentioned that
these are not cultivable lands but originally they were `Khadans' (mines) and
the same land was declared as Nazool lands. Therefore, the revenue records
which are referred to in the present case clearly depict that the land has all
along been the Government land. The land was also said to be in a ruinous state
and, therefore, there was no possession of the appellant-plaintiff with respect
to the said land. No argument for claiming a right by way of adverse possession
was made before us which although was a plea taken in the courts below. The
appellant-plaintiff has also admitted in his evidence that he has been residing
outside the suit land. Therefore, it is clearly established that the appellant-plaintiff
did not even have the possession of the suit land. Furthermore, there is no
document to prove his title. He has 7 not been able to prove and establish as
to how Mahadev Prasad Richharia, his father came to own the said property which
was a Government land.
oldest khasra entry which is available on record is Exhibit P-11 which pertains
to the period of 1943-44. In the said khasra entry names of the
appellant-plaintiff are not recorded in any capacity whatsoever in the relevant
colums. Rather in the column meant for the name of `Kastkar' (Cultivator) and
his status, cross sign is shown whereas the nature of the land is shown as `BA
AR RASTA'. In khasra corresponding to year 1951- 52 (Exhibit P-12) the name of
the appellant-plaintiff is not mentioned at all in any capacity. The name of
appellante-plaintiff was recorded in the next year i.e. 1953-54 which is
Exhibit P-4 but there also the name of the appellant-plaintiff is recorded in
column No. 7 whereas column No. 8 was meant to show the name of the cultivator
occupying them. The nature of the land is not shown to be cultivable but is
shown to be as `Khadan' i.e. mines. The name of the appellant-plaintiff is not
shown in any capacity in the revenue records but clearly the name of Dr.
Pannalal Gupta is shown to be entered in respect of the land namely 0.53 acres.
However, the name of the appellant-plaintiff is not recorded at all in respect
of the remaining land i.e. 1.31 acres which is the subject matter of the
present case. It is, therefore, clearly established that the disputed property
is in no way 8 connected with that of the subject matter of the proceedings
measuring 0.53 acres of land. We also find from the record that the case
pertaining to 0.53 acres of land was fought out between different parties.
Therefore, the decision rendered in the said case has no relevance to the facts
of the present case which is to be decided on the basis of the facts proved
In view of the aforesaid observations, we find no merit in the
present appeal which is accordingly dismissed.
..........................................J. [Dr. Mukundakam