& Ors. Vs. State of U.P.  INSC 1147 (6 July 2009)
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CRIMINAL APPELLATE JURISDICTION CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 1108
OF 2007 RAMVIR & ORS. .... Appellants Versus STATE OF U.P. .... Respondent
Mukundakam Sharma, J.
The appellants herein are the real brothers who have been
convicted and sentenced under Section 302 of the Indian Penal Code (in short
"the IPC") and sentenced to undergo life imprisonment. The Trial
Court found the appellant No. 1 herein, Ramvir guilty of the offence punishable
under Section 302 of the IPC whereas the appellant Nos. 2 and 3, namely, Ranpal
Singh and Chatar Singh respectively were found guilty of the offence punishable
under Section 302 IPC read with Section 34 IPC and each of them was sentenced
to undergo life imprisonment.
The First Information Report (in short "the FIR")
reveals that on 17.04.1978 at about 6.15 p.m. when the deceased Yashpal while
going to his Gher was surrounded by the appellants namely Ramvir, Ranpal Singh
and Chatar Singh near the field of Nek Ram. After surrounding the deceased,
Chatar Singh and Ranpal Singh embraced the deceased while Ramvir gave a knife
blow on the chest of the deceased. The deceased cried out upon which the complainant
and the witnesses reached the place of occurrence.
the complainant and the winesses, the appellants fled away from the place of
occurrence. Deceased Yashpal instantaneously died on account of the injury
The prosecution proved the motive of the accused - appellant
against the deceased Yashpal stating it to be a case of election rivalry
inasmuch as election of the Society had taken place in the village in which
three candidates contested the election against the complainant. The deceased
Yashpal took active part in the election and during the campaign an altercation
had taken place between the deceased - Yashpal and the appellant 2 No. 1 Ramvir
upon which Ramvir threatened to kill the deceased and since then the appellants
were having enmity with the deceased - Yashpal.
The aforesaid FIR was lodged immediately at the Police Station
after the occurrence. As already noted the incident took place at about 6.15
p.m. whereas the FIR was lodged at 7.35 p.m.
On receipt of the aforesaid FIR the Police started the
investigation during the course of which the statement of the witnesses were
recorded and on completion of the investigation a charge sheet was submitted
against all the accused appellants. At the time of framing of the charge, the
accused pleaded not guilty and claimed to be tried.
The Sessions Judge framed the charge against appellant - Ramvir
under Section 302 IPC while the other two accused, namely, Ranpal Singh and
Chatar Singh were charged under Section 302 read with Section 34 IPC.
the trial eight witnesses were examined including PW-1 (Giriraj Singh), PW-2
(Rajpal), PW-3 (Nek Ram) and PW-4 (Deopal Singh), who are stated to be the eye
witnesses of the occurrence. All four of them in their examination-in-chief
have supported the prosecution version of the case. The said witnesses were
also cross-examined at length by the defence.
witnesses examined are of formal nature. PW-5 (Dr. Aqil 3 Ahmed) who conducted
the post mortem examination of the deceased Yashpal found the following
antemortem injuries:- "Star wound 1 =" X 1" (chest cavity) on
right side chest 2' above right nipple at 12 O' clock position."
PW-6 (S.I. Mahendra Singh) and PW-7 (S.I. Ranvir Singh) are the
investigating officers whereas PW-8 (Jag Mohan) is the constable who had taken
the dead body for post mortem examination. The accused was examined under
Section 313 of the Code fo Criminal Procedure, 1973.
The defense also examined one witness on his behalf namely Sri
Krishna Kumar Bhardwaj as DW-1. The aforesaid witness was examined by the
defense with a plea that the FIR was ante timed and for that reason the special
report was sent late to the District Magistrate, Bulandshahr.
The learned counsel appearing for the appellant has raised many
submissions before us. His first submission was that the FIR is ante timed and
that the time of incident has also been changed by the prosecution to suit
their purpose. It was also submitted that all the witnesses examined by the
prosecution as eye witnesses are chance witnesses. It was further submitted
that the semi-digested and digested food was found in the stomach of the
deceased which indicates that the food was taken about 3-4 hours prior to 4
time of incident and therefore, the incident must have happened at about 11
p.m. in the night and not at 6.15 p.m. as alleged by the prosecution. We have
considered the aforesaid submissions.
We may state here that similar submissions were also made before
the learned Sessions Judge as also before the High Court which were considered
and were found to be baseless by both the courts below. So far the contention
that the FIR is ante timed, we find no reason to accept the said contention.
According to the prosecution, the incident happened at about 6.15 p.m. and the
same was reported to the police at 7.35 p.m. which was registered and therefore
there was no question of ante timing of the FIR.
eye-witnesses examined in the trial cannot be said to be the chance witnesses
as they were the residents of the same village and at about 6.15 p.m. these eye
witnesses were moving around, some were going to their agricultural field while
some were coming from their respective agricultural fields. The incident had
happened near a sugarcane crop which is near to the agricultural field. The
time 6.15 p.m., being broad day light, the presence of the eyewitnesses at the
place of occurrence is quite natural. The witnesses being the residents of the
locality, their presence at the place of occurrence could not be considered
unnatural. They had no cause to give false evidence. Accordingly, their
testimonies cannot be discarded. So far as 5 stomach of the deceased containing
semi-digested and digested food is concerned, no suggestion was put by the
defense to prove or elicit the information regarding the exact time of taking
the food by deceased Yashpal. Even if it is assumed that the food was taken 3-4
hours prior to the time of incident, it would be somewhere around 2-3 p.m.,
when also food could have been taken by the deceased. The defense put up by all
the three accused that they were not present and they were present elsewhere is
found to be baseless. We find no reason to take a different view from what was
taken by both the trial court as well as the High Court.
The plea of the defense that the time of occurrence was solely to
suit the purpose and interest of the prosecution could also have not been
proved by leading any evidence to establish that the incident had happened
during night. Therefore, we find no reason to disbelieve the facts put up by
the prosecution that the incident had happened at about 6.15 p.m. at the place
of occurrence and deceased Yashpal had died out of a knife blow allegedly being
given by accused No. 1 Ramvir and the said knife blow itself caused his
instantaneous death and he died at the spot before he could be taken to any
hospital. The dimension and the nature of the injury also speaks for itself.
It was next submitted by the counsel appearing for the appellants
that presence of appellant Nos. 2 and 3 should have been held to be doubtful.
It was submitted by the prosecution that appellant nos. 2 and 3
caught hold of the deceased Yashpal whereupon appellant No. 1 gave a knife blow
to the deceased Yashpal which proved to be fatal. We have analysed the said
evidence very carefully and very minutely and also appreciated the contention
raised on behalf of the counsel for appellant Nos. 2 and 3.
The evidence adduced to establish the guilt of appellant Nos. 2
and 3 are that appellant No. 1 had come to the place of occurrence along with a
knife in his hand and he came out of nearby bushes whereas the other two
accused came from another place. They allegedly came out of the field, caught
hold of the deceased and embraced him. If the appellant Nos. 2 and 3 were
embracing the deceased, a knife blow could not have been given in that manner
by appellant No. 1 on the chest of the deceased. It is not stated by the
prosecution that the said two accused Nos. 2 and 3 were embracing him from
behind. Nature of the evidence adduced and role ascribed to them appear to us
to be highly improbable. They are, therefore, entitled to benefit of doubt. The
aforesaid attack with the help of the knife pierced through the 7 lung and went
through the chest. All the three appellants are the brothers and apparently
there was some rivalry between the two groups in the village.
Considering the facts and circumstances of the case, we find that
the story put up by the prosecution regarding the role of the appellant Nos. 2
and 3 are exaggerated and improbable. There is no allegation that these two
persons i. e. appellant No. 2 and 3 were carrying any weapon in their hands.
also proved that they were coming to the place of occurrence from another
Therefore, the role ascribed to the appellant Nos. 2 and 3 are
found to be unbelievable. Their presence at the place of occurrence is also
doubtful and therefore we extend benefit of doubt so far as appellant Nos. 2
and 3 are concerned.
However, the fact that appellant No. 1 had given knife blow which
has pierced through the chest and has also pierced the lung, the gravity of the
blow and the dimension of the injury clearly proves that appellant No.1 had the
intention and knowledge of killing the deceased Yashpal, and therefore, the
appellant No. 1 used knife at the most vital part of the body affecting chest
and lung with the knowledge that such injury will definitely cause 8 death to
the deceased Yashpal in the ordinary course of nature. In that view of the
matter we are of the considered opinion that it is a clear case of Section 302,
IPC. The conviction and sentence awarded to the appellant No. 1 by both the
trial Court as well as the High Court is affirmed. The conviction and sentence
with respect to appellant No. 1 is upheld.
Accordingly, the appeal so far as appellant No. 1 is concerned, is
However, the appeal in respect of appellant Nos. 2 and 3 is hereby
allowed. The conviction and sentence of appellant No. 2 and 3 are hereby set
aside. They are set at liberty. They shall be released forthwith if they are
not wanted in any other case.
The appeal is disposed of in terms of aforesaid order.
................................J. [Dr. Mukundakam Sharma]