M/S. Dharampal Satyapal Ltd. & ANR. Vs. State of Bihar & Ors.
 INSC 921 (14
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION CIVIL APPEAL NO. 5779 of 2005 M/s. Dharampal
Satyapal Ltd. and another .... Appellants Versus State of Bihar and others ....
CIVIL APPEAL NO. 5782 of 2005 M/s. Agricultural Produce Market Committee,
Muzzarfarpur .... Appellant Versus M/s. Prabhat Zarda Factory (India) Ltd. and
others .... Respondents AND 2 CIVIL APPEAL NO. 5785 of 2005 M/s. Prabhat Zarda
Factory (India) Ltd. and another .... Appellants Versus State of Bihar and
others .... Respondents
S.B. SINHA, J..
1. These three appeals involve a
question as to whether the levy of market fee on Zafrani Zarda in terms of the
provisions of Bihar Agricultural Produce Market Act, 1960 (for short the Act)
is valid which arise out of a common order dated 7th October, 2002 passed by
the High Court of Patna in three writ petitions filed by the appellants.
2. Writ petitioners are
manufacturers of Zafrani Zarda. It is indisputably a manufactured form of
3 The question as to whether
Zafrani Zarda is manufactured item of tobacco or not came up for consideration
before this Court in Agricultural Produce Market Committee and others v. M/s.
Prabhat Zarda Factory and another, [1994 Supp (2) SCC 514]. This Court noticed
that the definition of `agricultural produce' has undergone a change so as to
include the `manufactured goods' therefrom by way of amendment on 30th April,
1982. This Court noticed that the judgment of the High Court did not take into
consideration the changed definition of `agricultural produce' with effect from
30th April, 1982 but upheld the judgment of the High Court in respect of levy
of market fee prior thereto.
3. Indisputably again with effect
from 30th April, 1982 Zafrani Zarda was inserted in the Schedule appended to
the said Act, by reason of a Notification dated 31st July, 1991, issued by the
State of Bihar which reads thus:-.
"No. 6/Misc. 13/91 - 6386
.... Governor of Bihar in exercise of its powers conferred under Section 39 of
Bihar Agricultural Produce Marketing Act, 1980 (Bihar Act 16 of 1960) makes the
following amendment in the Schedule of the abovementioned Act :- AMENDMENT In
the said list -Heading 11 - following heads should be added or included after
head 1 under Narcotic - Tobacco.
2. Zarda 3. Zafrani Zarda etc.
The effect of this amendment shall
be considered to be in force from the date of implementation of Bihar
Agricultural Produce Marketing Act, 1960.
By order of Governor of Bihar
Nagendra Tiwari Joint Secretary to Govt."
4. The State Government issued
another Notification being S.O. 220 dated 31st August, 1992 for regulation of
sale, purchase, storage and process of all agricultural produce mentioned in
the Schedule of the Act in the areas covering 122 market committees including
the respondent Market Committee.
5. Questioning the orders of
assessment of market fee relying on and on the basis of the said G.Os., by the
Assessing Authority, the Writ Petitioners filed writ applications before the
Patna High Court inter alia for the following reliefs :- "i) issue Rule
NISI calling upon the respondent to show cause as to why the notice No.569
dated 08.06.2001, 638 dated 26.06.2001 and 770 5 dated 24.07.2001 as contained
in Annexure 6, 7, 9 and issued by the respondent Secretary, Agricultural
Produce Market Committee should not be set aside and quashed and upon return of
the rule and after hearing the parties make the rule absolute.
ii) Issue rule in the nature of
mandamus restraining the respondents from enforcing the provisions of Bihar
Agriculture Produce Market Committee Act and the Rules thereunder in respect of
the petitioners dealing in zafrani zarda and spices and demanding any fee in
respect thereof and upon return of the rule and after hearing the parties make
the rule absolute.
iii) Issue Rule NISI in the nature
of writ of mandamus calling upon the respondents to show cause as to why the
notification issued under section 39 published in the Bihar Gazette Extra
Ordinary dated 31.07.2001 (Annexure-2) be not declared invalid, illegal without
jurisdiction and unenforceable and upon return of the rule and after hearing
the parties make the rule absolute.
iv) Issue such other writ(s)
order(s) direction(s) as your Lordships may deem fit and proper."
6. In the said writ petitions,
inter alia it was contended on behalf of the respondent-Market Committee, that
the market fee would be assessed from the date of coming into force of the
Amendment i.e. 30th April, 1982 from which date the definition of `agricultural
produce' had been amended.
7. The High Court by reason of the
impugned judgment did not go into other contentions raised by the parties. It
was held that the market fee would be leviable with effect from 31st August, 1992. It failed to
take into consideration the important question raised by the petitioners that
the Notifications were ultra vires the Act and/or would have no application in
relation to Zafrani Zarda. It also did not take into consideration the
contention of the Market Committee that having regard to the provisions of
Section 4-A of the Act, Sections 3 and 4 thereof were not required to be
8. The questions raised by the
parties are of significance. They should have been dealt with by the High
9. We, therefore, are of the
opinion that the impugned judgment cannot be sustained. They are set aside
accordingly and the matters are remitted to the High Court for consideration
and disposal thereof afresh as expeditiously as possible and preferably within
a period of six months from the date of receipt of a copy of this order.
7 If any application is filed by
the parties hereto raising additional contentions, the same may be considered
by the High Court on their own merits.
10. The appeals are disposed of
accordingly with no order as to costs.
( S.B. SINHA)