Coop. Sugar Mills Ltd Vs. Sukhraj Singh  Insc 662 (23 May 2007)
Dr. ARIJIT PASAYAT & D.K. JAIN
CIVIL APPEAL NO. 2831 OF 2007 (Arising out of S.L.P. (C) No. 6802 of 2004)
Dr. ARIJIT PASAYAT, J.
1. Challenge in this appeal is to the order passed by Division Bench of the Punjab
and Haryana High Court dismissing the writ petition filed by the appellant. In
the writ petition challenge was to the award of the Labour Court, Amritsar (in
short Labour Court) dated 27.112002, whereby alleged termination of
services of the respondent was held to be illegal for want of compliance with
the requirements of Section 25-F of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 (in short
the Act). The respondent was directed to be reinstated with continuity
of service with back wages. The appellants stand was that the workman had
not completed 240 days in 12 months preceding the date of termination of the
service and, therefore, the management was not required to comply with the
provisions of Section 25-F of the Act. High Court noted that the workman had
joined the service in 1991. The services were dispensed with in the year 1993.
It was noted that the management which was required to maintain the muster
rolls failed to produce the records to support its contention that during this
period the workman had not completed the requisite period of 240 days.
Accordingly, the award passed by the Labour Court was found to be in order and
writ petition was dismissed.
2. Learned counsel for the appellant submitted that the workman had not
worked for more than 240 days in the preceding 12 months. Except bare assertion
no material was produced. On the contrary the appellant has categorically
stated that the respondent had not worked for more than 240 days.
3. In this connection reference was made to the assertion made before the Labour
Court that the workman was engaged on daily wager basis and his services were
only seasonal. It was specifically asserted that after the season was over the
respondent workman did not turn up and he had not completed 240 days of
service. He was not permanent employee of the appellant and, therefore,
reference was not maintainable. Since the workman was employed only for
seasonal work, his services were not to be continued after the season was over.
4. Learned counsel for the respondent on the other hand submitted that the Labour
Court as well as the High Court referred to the material on record and
categorically held that the appellant had been working for more than 240 days.
Certain documents in this regard were referred to.
5. This Court in several cases has held that the workman has to prove that
the he has worked for more than 240 days.
(See: Range Forest Officer v. S.T. Hadimani (2002 (3) SCC 25), Essen Deinki
v. Rajiv Kumar (2002 (8) SCC 400, Batala Coop.
Sugar Mills Ltd. v. Sowaran Singh (2005 (8) SCC 481).
6. In Batala Coop. Sugar Mills (supra) it was observed as under:
We find that the High Courts judgment is unsustainable on more
than one count. In Morinda Coop. Sugar Mills Ltd. v. Ram Kishan and Ors. (1995
(5) SCC 653) it was observed as follows:
4. It would thus be clear that the respondents were not working
throughout the season. They worked during crushing seasons only. The
respondents were taken into work for the season and consequent to closure of
the season, they ceased to work.
5. The question is whether such a cessation would amount to retrenchment.
Since it is only a seasonal work, the respondents cannot be said to have
been retrenched in view of what is stated in clause (bb) of Section 2(oo) of
Under these circumstances, we are of the opinion that the view taken by the Labour
Court and the High Court is illegal.
However, the appellant is directed to maintain a register for all workmen
engaged during the seasons enumerated hereinbefore and when the new season
starts the appellant should make a publication in neighbouring places in which
the respondents normally live and if they would report for duty, the appellant
would engage them in accordance with seniority and exigency of work.
7. Learned counsel for the appellant is correct that it was for the workman
to establish that he had worked for more than 240 days. Learned counsel for the
respondent has referred to certain materials which have been filed as additional
documents in this case. These were not part of the records before the Labour
Court or the High Court. It appears that the High Court did not examine the
issues in the proper perspective as to whether Labour Court did not
specifically deal with the stand of the appellant that the workman had not
completed more than 240 days as he was working as a seasonal daily wager and
after the season was over there was no engagement.
8. In the circumstances we set aside the order of the High Court and remit
the matter to the Labour Court for fresh consideration
9. Considering the fact that the matter is pending since long, we request
the Labour Court to dispose of the matter within three months from the date of
receipt of this order after due notice to the parties.
10. The appeal is disposed of accordingly with no order as to costs.