Prakash Shukla Vs. Arvind Shukla  Insc 492 (1 May 2007)
S. B. Sinha & Markandey Katju
CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 932 OF 2002 State of Uttar Pradesh .. Appellant -vs- Arvind
Kumar .. Respondent MARKANDEY KATJU, J.
1. These two appeals have been filed against the impugned judgment dated
1.3.2002 of the Allahabad High Court in Criminal Appeal No. 482 of 1981.
2. One of the appeals has been filed by the complainant and the other by the
3. Heard learned counsel for the parties and perused the record.
4. The prosecution case as disclosed in the FIR lodged by Anil Prakash Shukla
(PW1) was that about 1-1/2 years prior to the occurrence in question Atul Prakash
Shukla, brother of the first informant was beaten by accused Arvind Shukla and
despite having assaulted him, accused Arvind tried to implicate Atul Prakash in
a false case but could not succeed. Since then Atul Prakash Shukla and Arvind
were on inimical terms. It was further alleged that on 21.10.1979 first
informant Anil Prakash Shukla and his brother Atul Prakash Shukla, deceased in
this case, were going to their residential house after taking a round in the
market and when they were in front of the house of Shyam Babu Sharma in Mohalla
Gumti Qasba Auriya accused Arvind @ Pappu and Virendra Dubey suddenly appeared
They cried that Atul be killed whereupon accused Arvind gave one knife blow
on Atul. He ran crying and fell down on the Chabutra of Shyam Babu Sharma.
Besides the first information, the incident was witnessed by Dinesh Shukla, Ramesh
Kumar Tripathi and Laljee Chaurasiya and the accused persons were identified by
The accused persons ran away when challenged. Anil Prakash along with the
witnesses came on the Chabutra where Atul was lying injured.
He sent Laljee Chaurasiya to call his father who immediately arrived there
and asked Anil Prakash Shukla to lodge the report. He also carried Atul to the
police station in a rickshaw leaving Anil Prakash (PW1) on the spot. Anil Prakash
Shukla scribed the report Ext. Ka 1 and lodged the same at police station Auraiya
at 8.10 P.M. The police Station was situated only at a distance of about 3
furlongs from the place of occurrence. On the written report of Anil Prakash Shukla,
a case under Section 307 IPC was registered against Arvind Shukla, Virendra Dubey
and Anil @ Pappu in the General Diary at Sl. No. 36, which also indicates that
injured Atul had reached the police station along with the first informant Anil
Prakash Shukla. Injured Atul was sent to Hallet Hospital, Kanpur with Constable
536 Ram Prakash who also carried with him the Chithi Majroomi. On account of a
strike, Atul could not be admitted in Hallet Hospital, therefore, he was taken
to Ursula Hospital, Kanpur. Atul's father (PW2) Ram Sewak Shukla accompanied Atul
when he was taken to Kanpur in a bus.
5. Dr. S.N. Sharma (PW6) of Ursula Hospital examined the injuries of Atul at
11 P.M. on 21.10.1979 and found the following injuries:- i) Incised wound 3.00
cm x = cm x bone deep on left side of scalp 7.0 cm above left ear.
ii) Incised wound 2 = cm x 2.00 cm x 1 = cm on front of left shoulder joint
iii) Incised wound 3.00 cm x 1 = cm x cavity of abdomen deep on right side of
abdomen about 7.00 cm above umbilicus. X-ray advised.
iv) Incised wound 4.00 cm x 2 = cm x 2.00 cm on middle aspect of front of
left forearm about 5.00 cm below left elbow.
v) Incised wound 4 = cm x 2 = cm x 2.00 cm about 1 cm below the medial of
injury No. 4.
6. The prosecution mainly relied on the evidence of the sole eyewitness Anil
Prakash Shukla (PW1) as well as the alleged dying declaration of the deceased Atul.
The question is whether these should be believed or not.
7. As regards the alleged dying declaration before the Magistrate (Ex. Kha
1), it has been pointed out by the High Court that the Magistrate before whom
the said dying declaration was said to have been recorded, was not produced as
a witness before the learned Sessions Judge and hence the accused did not have
an opportunity to cross examine the Magistrate. Moreover, it may be mentioned
that the deceased died several days after the incident. Deceased Atul Prakash
stated before the Investigating Officer on 9.11.1979 i.e. 20 days after the
incident that he had been tutored to give an incorrect statement before the
Magistrate. The Magistrate was neither cited as a witness in the charge-sheet
nor produced at the trial. Hence, the High Court disbelieved the dying
8. We fully agree with the view taken by the High Court that under the
circumstances the alleged dying declaration made before the Magistrate is
unreliable. Atul Prakash stated before the Investigating Officer on 9.11.1979
that while he was brought in a bus to Kanpur he was tutored by his father,
brother and other accompanying persons to give a distorted and incorrect
version about the incident.
9. As regards the evidence of the sole eyewitness, that too, has been
disbelieved by the High Court. As pointed out by the High Court, Anil Prakash
(PW1), was not a natural witness as per his own showing and he had animosity
against Arvind Shukla. His presence at the scene of occurrence was by a sheer
chance. Anil (PW1) and Atul (deceased) left their homes separately. Anil had
not accompanied the deceased nor any programme was prefixed regarding the time
of his coming back. He admitted in his deposition before the Court that it was
by a sheer co- incidence that the deceased met him in front of the shop of doctor
Ram Babu Bajpai. His house was undoubtedly situated at a far distance from the
place of occurrence and hence his presence at the scene of occurrence was by a
10. Apart from that, there is inconsistency between the version given in the
FIR and the statement of Anil Prakash (PW1) before the trial court. In the FIR
it is only stated that accused Arvind inflicted a knife blow on Atul, but in
his deposition before the trial court, PW1 stated that accused Arvind inflicted
knife blows on Atul while Anil @ Pappu also inflicted knife blow on Atul. Thus
the statement in court is an improvement on the version given in the FIR in
which it was only stated that Arvind above inflicted a knife blow on Atul, but
there was no mention in the FIR that Anil @ Pappu also inflicted knife blows on
11. As rightly held by the High Court, it seems that after coming to know of
the medical report for the first time at the trial court, the witnesses
improved their version given in the FIR.
12. The High Court has given the benefit of doubt to accused Arvind Shukla
and we see no reason to take a different view. The appeals are accordingly