State of U.P. &
Ors  Insc 320 (22 March 2007)
CJI K.G. Balakrishnan,G.P. Mathur & R.V. Raveendran
O R D E R Review Petition (Crl.) Nos. 163-166 of 2003 In SLP (Crl.) Nos.
5499-5502 of 2002 With Review Petition (C) No. 1648 of 2005 In SLP (C) No. 456
of 2002 K.G. BALAKRISHNAN, CJI.
Petitioner in these Review Petitions seeks review of the order passed by
this Court on 29-11-2002 whereby the Special Leave Petitions filed by the
petitioner were dismissed. The SLPs were directed against an order dated
12.2.2001 passed by a Single Judge of the Allahabad High Court at Lucknow.
The challenge was only with reference to a part of that order by which the
learned Single Judge had held that the Notification issued by the Government of
Uttar Pradesh on 8.10.1993 was invalid for want of consultation with the High
Court under sub-section (1) of Section 11 of the Criminal Procedure Code.
At the outset, we may observe that the petitioner herein is neither a
complainant nor an accused in any of the criminal cases filed by the State in
this matter. Petitioner is an intervener who has no connection with any of the
crimes registered by the Police.
The facts of the case, in short, are as follows :- On 6th December, 1992,
the disputed structure, popularly known as "Ram Janam Bhoomi/Babri
Masjid" at Ayodhya was demolished by a group of persons. It was a
protected structure and consequent upon demolition of this structure, the
following two cases were registered on the same day : (i) Crime No. 197/1992
under Sections 395, 397, 332, 337, 238, 295, 297, 153A IPC was registered by
the Police Station Ram Janam Bhoomi, District Faizabad, against unnamed Kar
Sevaks in regard to an incident which allegedly took place at 12.15 PM on 6th
December, 1992; and (ii) Crime No. 198 of 1992 was also registered by the
Police wherein eight persons were implicated as accused under Sections 153A,
153B, 505, 147, 149 IPC. There were also allegations of widespread commission
of robbery, rioting and mischief and other minor offences by different groups
of persons against the media and 47 crimes were registered for offences
punishable under Sections 392, or 394, or 395, 147, 427, 336, etc.
The investigation of the crime registered as 197/92 was entrusted to the
Central Bureau of Investigation (C.B.I.) on 13.12.1992, upon which the CBI
re-registered the case as R.C.
No. 8(S)/92-SIU.V-New Delhi.
The investigation of Crime No. 198/92 was taken over by CB CID of the State
of Uttar Pradesh on 10.12.1992. On 16.12.1992, the State of Uttar Pradesh, in
consultation with the High Court of Allahabad, established a Special Court of
Judicial Magistrate First Class with its place of sitting at Lalitpur, to try
the case relating to Crime No. 198/1992.
The CB CID of the State filed the final report under Section 173 of the
Criminal Procedure Code. Crime No. 198/92 had been registered against all the
eight accused persons named in the First Information Report, for the offences
under Sections 153A, 153B, 505, 147 and 149 IPC. The Special Judicial
Magistrate at Lalitpur took cognizance of the case on 1.3.1993.
By Notification dated 8.7.1993, the State Government, after consultation
with the High Court, shifted the place of sitting of the Court of Special
Judicial Magistrate from Lalitpur to Rae Barelli.
By Notification dated 26.8.1993, the Government of India, with the consent
of the Government of Uttar Pradesh entrusted the investigation of Crime No.
198/92 and cases arising from same facts/transaction to the CBI. The CBI re-
registered the Crime No. 198/92 as R.C. 1(s)/93 and the other 47 related cases
as R.C. Nos. 2(s)/93 to 48(s)/93. On 8.9.1993, the Government of Uttar Pradesh,
in consultation with the High Court, issued a Notification establishing a
special court of Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate at Lucknow, for trial of
cases arising out of demolition of the disputed structure at Ayodhya,
investigated by CBI. Another Notification dated 8.9.1993 was issued by the
Governor of Uttar Pradesh, in exercise of power under Section 11(1) of Cr.P.C.,
in consultation with the High Court of Allahabad establishing a Special Court
of Judicial Magistrate, First Class, for the area comprising the entire State,
with place of sitting at Lucknow, to try or enquire into and commit to the
Court of Sessions all cases arising out of Crime No. 197/92 and 47 other cases
in which investigations were made or charge sheets were filed by CBI. A list of
these cases was appended to the Notification. But no mention was made as
regards Crime No. 198/92, the investigation of which had already been entrusted
to the CBI vide Notification dated 26.8.1993.
The CBI on 9.9.1993 moved an application before the Special Judicial
Magistrate, Rae Barelli, seeking permission for further investigation under
Section 173(8) Cr.P.C., in Crime No. 198/92 and by order dated 10.9.1993, the
learned Magistrate, Rae Barelli, granted permission to the CBI for further
investigation of the above case.
One Shri Vijay Verma was appointed by the High Court as the Additional Chief
Judicial Magistrate (Special Court) at Lucknow on 5.10.1993 for trial and
disposal of cases investigated by CBI pertaining to demolition of disputed
structure at Ayodhya. The CBI filed a consolidated charge- sheet dated
4.10.1993 before the Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate, Lucknow, against 40
persons, that is, those implicated in Crime No 198/92 as well as others who
were accused persons in Crime No. 197/92 and also in the 47 other cases
registered by the Police Station at the Ram Janam Bhoomi.
On 8.10.1993, the Govt. of Uttar Pradesh issued Notification No.
5175/VII/Nyaya-2-739/87. The Notification read as follows :
"In exercise of the powers under Proviso to sub-section (1) of Section
11 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 ( Act No. 2 of 1974) read with
Section 21 of the General Clauses Act, 1897 (Act No. 10 of 1897), the Governor
is pleased to make the following amendment in the Notification No.
442/VII-Nyaya-2- 739/87, dated Lucknow: September 9, 1993.
AMENDMENT In the Schedule to the aforesaid notification after item 48, the
following item column-wise inserted, namely:- S.No. Crime No. Police Station
49. 198/92 Ram Janam Bhumi 153-A,153-B, 505 IPC By Order, A.K. SRIVASTAVA
By this Notification, the Govt. purported to have transferred the case
registered as Crime No. 198/92 from the Rae Barelli court to the court of the
Additional Chief Judicial Magistrate at Lucknow. Consequent upon the
Notification dated 8.9.1993, the CBI filed a consolidated charge sheet before
the Special Court of Addl. Chief Judicial Magistrate at Lucknow, who took
cognizance of the offences on 11.10.1993.
It may be remembered that the Special Judicial Magistrate at Rae Barelli had
given permission to the CBI for further investigation on 10.9.1993 and that
court sought a report regarding progress of the investigation from CBI on
18.10.1993. CBI informed the Special Judicial Magistrate, Rae Barelli, on
6.12.1993 about the filing of consolidated charge sheet at Lucknow. In view of
it, the Magistrate at Rae Barelli, directed the transfer of the records to
Addl. Chief Judicial Magistrate, Lucknow.
The Additional Sessions Judge (Ayodhya Matters), Lucknow, by order dated
9.9.1997 framed charges in S.C. No.
344/1994 (corresponding to Crime no. 197/1992) and S.C.
No. 749/1996 (corresponding to Crime No. 198/1992).
Feeling aggrieved, different sets of accused filed Cr.R.P. Nos.
199, 201, 211 and 295 of 1997. The said revision petitions were allowed in
part by a learned Single Judge, by common order dated 12.2.2001. The learned
Single Judge upheld the order dated 9.9.1997 passed by the Special Judge,
Lucknow, for framing charges in 48 cases (referred to in the Schedule to
Notification dated 9.9.1993). The learned Single Judge, however, set aside the
said order 9.9.1997 of the Special Judge in so far as it related to Crime No.
198/1992 covered by the Notification dated 8.10.1993 on the ground that the
said Notification was illegal and invalid for want of consultation with the
High Court required under Section 11 (1) of Cr.P.C.
The High Court further held :
"This notification being illegal and without jurisdiction is invalid.
Therefore it could not confer jurisdiction upon the Special Court of A.C.J.M.
Lucknow to try or inquire into and commit to the Court of Sessions case
Crime No. 198 of 1992.
Therefore, the said Special Court of A.C.J.M. at Lucknow had no jurisdiction
to try, enquire into and commit case Crime No. 198 of 1992. Since committal of
accused persons relating to case Crime no. 198 of 1992 by order dated 27.8.1994
passed by the Special Court of A.C.J.M. at Lucknow was illegal, subsequent
proceedings in the Court of Special Judge (Ayodhya Prakaran) including the
impugned order dated 9th September, 1997 for framing of charges as far as the
accused persons of case Crime No. 198 of 1992 are concerned are illegal,
without jurisdiction and are liable to be set aside."
The High Court, however, observed that the mistake in issuing the said
Notification dated 8.10.1993 is curable and it is open to the State Government,
if it so desires, to rectify the matter by issuing a fresh notification after
consultation with the High Court in accordance with law.
The petitioner challenged the said order of the High Court in S.L.P. (Crl.)
Nos. 5499-5502/2002. This Court dismissed the S.L.Ps. by order dated
29.11.2002. The petitioner seeks review of the said order dated 29.11.2002.
We may next refer to Review Petition (C.) No. 1648/2005.
On the ground that the State Government had not taken steps to issue a fresh
notification in place of the Notification dated 8.10.2003 (which was held by
the High Court to be invalid), one Kuldip Nayar and others filed W.P. No. 2367
(M/B) of 2001 in the Allahabad High Court, seeking a direction to the State
Government to take steps forthwith to issue a fresh notification after
consultation with the High Court, for amendment of the Notification dated
9.9.2003, to confer jurisdiction on the Special Court, Lucknow, to try or
enquire into and commit to the Court of Sessions, the matter relating to Crime
No. 198/1992. The said petition was disposed of by the Allahabad High Court by
order dated 21.5.2001 holding that it was not a case for issuing any direction
to the State Government as the matter was one within the discretion of the
State Government. The petitioner who was not a party before the High Court
filed S.L.P. (C.) No. 456/2002, seeking leave to challenge the said order. The
said Special Leave Petition was also dismissed by this Court by a common order
This Court, while disposing of the Special Leave Petitions, observed that
the State Government in consultation with the High Court has constituted a
Special Court at Rae Barelli for trying the cases in relation to Crime No.
198/1992 and no person, much less the petitioners in public interest, can claim
any Special Court at any particular place for trial of any particular criminal
We are only concerned with the limited question whether the learned Single
Judge was justified in holding that the Notification dated 8.10.1993 was
invalid on the ground that the said Notification was issued by the State
Government without consultation with the High Court of Allahabad.
Parties before the High Court conceded that there was no consultation by the
State Govt. prior to the issuance of the Notification dated 8.10.1993. The
learned Single Judge dealt with the matter elaborately and came to the
conclusion that there was no consultation with the High Court of Allahabad and
before issuance of the Notification the State Govt. should have consulted the
High Court. It was also an admitted fact that in the schedule annexed with the
Notification dated 9.9.1993 (4421/XII Ayodhya/739/87), Crime No. 198/92 was not
included. The same may be a technical mistake on the part of the State
Government. The learned Single Judge was also of the view that the same could
be rectified by the State Government by issuing a fresh notification after
consultation with the High Court. It is for the State Government to take
appropriate steps in the matter, if it so desires, by issuing a fresh
notification. We are of the opinion that the earlier order passed by this Court
dismissing the Special Leave Petitions does not require any re-consideration.
There is no error apparent on the face of the record nor do the facts and
circumstances warrant any interference with our earlier order.
The Review Petitions are without any merit and dismissed accordingly.
We, however, find a typographical error in the Order dated 29.11.2002 requiring
correction. The word "Lalitpur" at line 8 of the Order shall be read