Sterlite Industries (India) Ltd Vs.
Commissioner of Customs, Chennai  Insc 298 (19 March 2007)
S. H. Kapadia & B. Sudershan Reddy
This civil appeal has been filed by M/s Sterlite Industries (India) Ltd.
under section 130E of the Customs Act, 1962
against Order No. 1113 of 2001 passed by CEGAT ("the Tribunal") on
The short question which arises for determination in this civil appeal is
whether Fully Automated Sequential X-ray Spectrometer is an apparatus based on
the use of X-ray under sub-heading 9022.19 as claimed by the Department or
whether the said apparatus is classifiable as Spectrometer under sub-heading
9027.30 being an apparatus for physical or chemical analysis.
To decide the above question, we quote hereinbelow the following Heading of
Chapter 90 of the Customs Tariff
which reads as under:
"CHAPTER 90 OPTICAL, PHOTOGRAPHIC, CINEMATOGRAPHIC, MEASURING,
CHECKING, PRECISION, MEDICAL OR SURGICAL INSTRUMENT AND APPARATUS; PARTS AND
ACCESSORIES THEREOF Tariff Item Description of goods Rate of duty Std. Prefnl.
9022 Apparatus based on the use of X-rays or of alpha, beta or gamma
radiations, whether or not for medical, surgical, dental or veterinary uses,
including radiography or radiotherapy apparatus, X-ray tubes and other X-ray
generators, high tension generators, control panels and desks, screens,
examination or treatment tables, chairs and the like.
-Apparatus based on the use of X-rays, whether or not for medical, surgical,
dental or veterinary uses, including radiography or radiotheraphy apparatus:
9022.12 --Computed tomography apparatus 30% ..
9022.13 --Other, for dental uses 30% ..
9022.14 --Other, for medical, surgical or veterinary uses 30% ..
9022.19 --For other uses -Apparatus based on the use of alpha, beta or gamma
radiation, whether or not for medical, surgical, dental or veterinary uses,
including radiography or radiotherapy apparatus:
9022.21 --For medical, surgical, dental or veterinary uses 30% ..
9022.29 --For other uses 50% ..
9022.30 -X-ray tubes 50% ..
9022.90 -Other, including parts and accessories 50% ..
Xxx Xxx Xxx 9027 Instruments and apparatus for physical or chemical analysis
(for example, polarimeters, refractometers, spectrometers, gas or smoke
instruments and apparatus for measuring or checking viscosity, porosity,
expansion, surface tension or the like;
instruments and apparatus for measuring or checking quantities of heat,
sound or light (including exposure meters); microtomes 9027.10 -Gas or smoke
analysis apparatus 25% ..
9027.20 -Chromatographs and electrophoresis instruments 25% ..
9027.30 Spectrometers, spectrophotometers and spectrographs using optical
radiations (UV, visible, IR) 25% ..
9027.40 -Exposure meters 25% ..
9027.50 -Other instruments and apparatus using optical radiations (UV,
visible, IR) 25% ..
9027.80 -Other instruments and apparatus 25% ..
9027.90 -Microtomes; parts and accessories"
The assessee imported Fully Automated Sequential X-ray Spectrometer from M/s
Rigaku International Corporation, Japan. The said equipment is used by the
assessee in its plant at Tuticorin. The said Spectrometer was imported for
analyzing various alloys in the manufacture of Cathodes. The assessee filed its
Bill of Entry for home consumption. They claimed assessment under sub-heading
9027.00. They claimed the benefit of partial exemption Notification No.
46/96-Cus dated 23.7.1996. They paid customs duty (basic at 25% plus 10%
additional customs duty). The Department, however, assessed the above apparatus
under sub-heading 9022.19, quoted above, read with the above notification and
charged customs duty (basic) at 50% ad valorem plus 10% additional customs
Basically, according to the Department, Spectrometer in the present case was
X-ray based Spectrometer and, therefore, the same was classifiable in
sub-heading 9022.19. According to the Department, X-ray based apparatus stood
covered under section XVIII of HSN also and, therefore, the goods were
classifiable under sub-heading 9022.19.
According to the assessee, in the present case, the Spectrometer in question
is specifically named in sub-heading 9027.30. According to the assessee, the
Department had erred in placing reliance on HSN when the Customs Tariff
Act, 1975 has specifically laid down Rules of interpretation. According to
the assessee, Rule 3(a) of the Rules of Interpretation was applicable which
says that the heading which provides a specific description shall be preferred
to headings which provide general description. According to the assessee, under
Heading 90.27 the above item Spectrometer has been mentioned without any
qualification regarding the source material and, therefore, the Spectrometer is
based on optical source, the X-ray source was immaterial as Spectrometer per se
was classifiable under sub-heading 9027.30. Before us, the assessee submitted,
in the alternative, for the first time, that the above Fully Automated
Sequential X-ray Spectrometer could fall under sub-heading 9027.80 as Special
We have gone through the literature/ brochure concerning Fully Automated
Sequential X-ray Spectrometer.
We find from the brochure that the above System which is imported by the
assessee is multi-functional. It has an inbuilt software. It has an inbuilt
automatic analysis program. It is the software in the System which makes the
system carry out multi-purpose functions. The computer processes the data.
The configurations are also specified in the assembly of the Spectrometer.
Prima facie it appears that there is an inbuilt computer system in the
Spectrometer. That computer appears to be an essential part of direct reading.
These aspects have not been considered by the authorities below. The catalogue/
brochure produced indicates that the Spectrometer in question would be
non-functional without the computer.
Modern direct reading Spectrometer incorporates a computer in the System so
that they can measure, process and analyse the data. The catalogue shows the
configurations which indicate prima facie that the computer stands integrated
with the Spectrometer. The catalogue indicates the type of apparatus. The
catalogue shows inclusion of software programmes and computer. The catalogue
shows that the Spectrometer is so designed that it functions in an integrated
manner along with the computer and can be operated and controlled only with
such computer. None of these aspects had been considered by the authorities
below including the Tribunal. Hence, we remit the matter to the Tribunal to
decide the matter de novo after examining the catalogue annexed as Annexure-B
in its records. Before concluding, we may mention that our above opinion should
not be treated as conclusive.
The Tribunal can also consider the alternative submission of the assessee,
namely, that the above item can fall also within sub-heading 9027.80. In this
regard we express no opinion.
For the above reasons, the impugned order dated 13.7.2001 of the Tribunal
(CEGAT) is set aside and the matter is remitted to the Tribunal for its fresh
decision in accordance with law after examining the catalogue annexed in its
This appeal is accordingly allowed with no order as to costs.