H.P. & Ors Vs.
Gehar Singh  Insc 225 (27 February 2007)
Dr.AR. Lakshmanan & Altamas Kabir
(Arising out of SLP (c) No.5863/2006) WITH
CIVIL APPEALS NOS.1043,1042,1041,1040,1039 and 1038/07 (Arising out of SLP (c)
Nos.3538, 3540, 3580, 3647, 3818 and 5766/2006) ALTAMAS KABIR, J.
Leave granted in all the Special Leave Petitions.
As the appellants in all these appeals are similarly placed, all the appeals
will stand disposed of by this common judgment.
The appellants are employed on a daily wage basis in the Irrigation and
Public Health Wings of the Himachal Pradesh Public Works Department. They are
classified as Class III and Class IV employees who are being paid their daily
wages in keeping with the minimum wages prescribed by the Government of
Himachal Pradesh from time to time. A number of the appellants have been
employed in the aforesaid manner for more than ten years.
A scheme for Betterment (Appointment) Regularisation of Muster Roll/Daily
Wage Workers in Himachal Pradesh was prepared by the Government of Himachal
Pradesh, the salient features whereof are reproduced hereinbelow:- "1.
Daily wage Muster Roll workers, whether skilled or unskilled, who have
completed 10 years or more of continuous service with a minimum of 240 days in
a calendar year as on 31.12.1991, will be treated as monthly rated employees,
on a consolidated fixed pay without any allowances, and an annual increment, as
para-1 Annexure-A. They shall be entitled to annual increment for those months,
in which they work for a minimum of 15 working days, per calendar month. They
shall continue to be monthly rated employees, till they are appointed as
All those daily rated employees whether skilled or unskilled who had
completed 10 years of continuous service with a minimum of 240 working days in
a calendar year as on 31.12.1987, shall be appointed as work charged employees
in a phased manner as soon as the stay orders of the Hon'ble High Court of
Himachal Pradesh is vacated.
On appointment as work-charged employees, they shall be put in the
time-scale of pay applicable to the corresponding lowest grade in the
The daily rated workers, who would have completed 20 years of service as
on 31.12.1992 shall be regularised w.e.f.
1.4.1993 on the basis of seniority cum suitability including physical
On regularisation, they shall be put in the minimum of the time scale of pay
applicable to the lowest corresponding post concerned under the Govt. and would
be entitled to all other benefits available to regular Govt. servants of the
In the event of any anomaly between the wages prescribed for the Monthly
Rated Employees and that prescribed by the Govt. from time to time under the Minimum Wages Act,
1948, the Monthly Rated Employees are entitled to wages, which are higher,
at any point of time, in future."
The aforesaid Scheme fell for the consideration of this Court in the Writ
Petition filed by Shri Mool Raj Upadhyaya which was heard along with several
other writ petitions where the relief prayed for was similar. In all the said
writ petitions filed under Article 32 of the Constitution, the employees had
claimed regularisation of their services as well as for payment of salary,
allowances and other benefits as were being given to the regular employees on
the principle of "equal pay for equal work". While considering the said
betterment scheme, this Court modified the same by substituting the aforesaid
paragraphs numbers 1 to 4 with the following paragraphs:-
"Daily-wage/Muster Roll Workers,
whether skilled or unskilled, who have completed 10 years or more of continuous
service with a minimum of 240 days in a calendar year on December 31, 1993,
shall be appointed as work-charged employees with effect from January 1, 1994
and shall be put in the time scale of pay applicable to the corresponding lowest
grade in the Government;
Daily-wage/Muster Roll Workers,
whether skilled or unskilled, who have not completed 10 years of continuous
service with a minimum of 240 days in a calendar year on December 31, 1993,
shall be appointed as work-charged employees with effect from the date they
complete the said period of 10 years of service and on such appointed they shall
be put in the time scale of pay applicable to the lowest grade in the
Daily-wage/Muster Roll Workers, whether skilled or unskilled, who have
not completed 10 years of continuous service with a minimum of 240 days in a
calendar year on December 31, 1993, shall be paid daily wages at the rates
prescribed by the Government of Himachal Pradesh from time to time for daily-
wage employees falling in Class III and Class IV till they are appointed as
work-charged employees in accordance with paragraph 2;
Daily-wage/Muster Roll Workers shall be regularised in a phased manner
on the basis of seniority-cum-suitability including physical fitness. On
regularization they shall be put in the minimum of the time scale payable to
the corresponding lowest grade applicable to the Government and would be
entitled to all other benefits available to regular Government servants of the
It was directed that the Scheme, as modified, was to be implemented with
effect from 1st January, 1994 and if any excess amount had been received by the
employees on the basis of interim orders passed by this Court, the same would
not be required to be refunded by them.
On 6th May, 2000, the State Government circulated a fresh policy on the
regularisation of Daily Wage/Contingent Paid workers which provided that
eligible daily wage workers/contingent paid workers would be considered for
regularisation against vacant posts or by creation of fresh posts with the
prior approval of the Finance Department and that such regularisation in all
cases would be with prospective effect. It was also stipulated that in future
even in the Public Works Department and Irrigation and Public Health
Department, regularisation/bringing daily wagers on work charged category would
also be with prospective effect as in other departments.
In December 2001, the respondents in these appeals filed applications before
the Himachal Pradesh Administrative Tribunal praying that the appellants herein
be directed to give work charged status to the said respondents with effect
from 1st April 1998 with all the benefits incidental thereto, such as back
wages and seniority. The appellants herein filed reply to the said applications
contending that the Government of Himachal Pradesh had formulated a policy for
regularisation of daily wage workers in a phased manner subject to the
availability of posts with prospective effect as envisaged in the policy
published on 6th May, 2000. By its order dated 23rd October, 2003, the Tribunal
allowed the applications filed by the respondents herein on the basis of the
judgment of this Court in the case of Mool Raj Upadhyaya and directed the
appellants herein to grant work-charged status to the respondents with effect
from 1st January, 2000, with all consequential benefits, without any further
Despite such direction given by the Tribunal, the appellants herein have
regularised the services of the respondents with effect from 1st January, 2003.
On 25th May, 2004, the State of Himachal Pradesh filed a Writ Petition
contending that the regularisation policy dated 6th May, 2000, barred
retrospective regularisation and accordingly prayed for quashing of the order
passed by the Tribunal. The High Court however, relying on the judgment of this
Court in the case of Mool Raj Upadhyaya (supra), dismissed the writ petition on
the ground that there was no distinction between the facts canvassed in the
writ petition and the factual position in Mool Raj Upadhyaya's case. It is
against the said order of the High Court that these appeals by special leave
have been filed.
At the time when the Special Leave Petitions were listed for admission, it
was brought to the notice of this Court that the questions involved in these
appeals were similar to those being considered by a Constitution Bench of this
Court in Civil Appeal Nos. 3595-3612/1999 ( Secretary, State of Karnataka &
Ors. vs. Umadevi & Ors.) Consequently, this Court by order dated 10th
April, 2006 directed that all these matters be listed after judgment was
pronounced in the said civil appeals.
It may be indicated that judgment in the said appeals Nos. 3595-3612/1999
was pronounced by the Constitution Bench on 10th April, 2006.
These matters have been taken up for hearing after the decision in Umadevi's
Mr J.S. Attri, learned advocate, appearing for the Appellant-State of
Himachal Pradesh, submitted that since the respondents had prayed for
regularisation of their services, the State Government formulated a fresh
scheme for regularisation of the daily wage workers in a phased manner so that
they could all be absorbed in due course of time. He urged that the respondents
were given the benefit of such policy in 2003 and consequently their claim that
such benefit should be given to them from 1st January, 2000, was untenable and
would involve the State Government into making huge financial commitments.
Mr. Attri submitted that since the services of the respondents have been
regularised, there was no further cause for grievance available to the respondents.
He urged that the State Government had formulated a fresh policy for
regularisation of all Daily Wage/Muster Roll workers in accordance with
paragraph 4 of the Scheme as substituted by the Supreme Court in its judgment
in the case of Shri Mool Raj Upadhyaya. He urged that the services of the
respondents had been regularised in pursuance of the said policy with
prospective effect from the date of such regularisation.
Opposing the stand taken on behalf of the appellants, Mr. M.C. Dhingra,
learned advocate, submitted that the very basis of the arguments advanced on
behalf of the appellant- State of Himachal Pradesh was on an erroneous
understanding of the relief sought for by the respondents who had at no point
of time claimed regularisation of their services. Mr. Dhingra urged that in the
application under Section 19 of the Administrative
Tribunals Act, 1985, the respondents had merely prayed for a direction upon
the appellants herein to grant them Work Charged status with effect from 1st
January, 2000 with all the consequential benefits, in keeping with paragraph 1
of the Scheme as substituted by this Court in the case of Mool Raj Upadhyaya.
Since the Tribunal had understood the case of the respondents herein in its
true perspective, it had directed the appellants to grant Work Charged status
to the respondents herein. The High Court also found that the matter was
squarely covered by the judgment of this Court in the case of Mool Raj Upadhyaya
and accordingly dismissed the writ petitions filed by the appellant-State of
On a careful consideration of the submissions made on behalf of the
respective parties, we are of the view that the High Court did not commit any
error in dismissing the writ petitions filed by the State of Himachal Pradesh.
The Scheme as referred to in the case of Mool Raj Upadhyaya envisages two
stages in regularising the services of the Daily Wage/Muster Roll workers. In
the first stage, after completion of 10 years or more continuous service with a
minimum of 240 days in a calendar year on 31st December, 1993, Daily Wage/Muster Roll workers were to be appointed as work-charged employees with effect
from 1st January, 1994. Thereafter, they were to be regularised in the second
stage in a phased manner on the basis of seniority cum suitability including
physically fitness. Even while challenging the direction given by the Himachal
Pradesh Administrative Tribunal on 23rd October, 2003, the State of Himachal
Pradesh made out a case that the respondents were claiming regularisation of
their services with effect from 1st April, 1998. It was also urged that it had
been brought to the notice of the Tribunal that the respondents were daily
waged workers and as per the instructions dated 6th May, 2000, they were entitled for work charged status only as and when the posts were sanctioned by the
State Government in a phased manner strictly on the basis of seniority.
The aforesaid case made out by the State of Himachal Pradesh before the High
Court was a clear departure from the directions given in Mool Raj Upadhyaya's
case. The respondents had only claimed the benefit of the Betterment Scheme
which was placed before this Court in Mool Raj Upadhyaya's case and had prayed
for work charged status from 1st January, 2000, before the Tribunal whereas the
change in policy was brought about on 6th May, 2000. It is on that basis that
the Tribunal directed that the respondents be given work charged status with
effect from 1st January, 2000.
Notwithstanding the fact that the services of the respondents have been
regularised with effect from 1st January, 2003 and they have joined their posts
from that date without protest, they cannot, in our view, be denied the
benefits as directed to be given to them by the Tribunal and affirmed by the
High Court which had already accrued to them under the Scheme which was
approved in Mool Raj Upadhyaya's case.
We, therefore, see no reason to interfere with the judgment of the High
Court impugned in these appeals. All the appeals are accordingly dismissed
without any order as to costs.