Jal Vidyut Nigam Ltd. & Anr Vs. Sangh Dass & Anr  Insc 10 (5 January 2005)
V. Patil & B.N. Srikrishna Srikrishna, J.
appellant-corporation a Government company established for the purpose of
establishing hydel power projects in Himachal Pradesh, impugns the judgment of
the Division Bench of the High Court of Himachal Pradesh directing it to grant
certain benefits under the Resettlement and rehabilitation scheme formulated by
the corporation to the first respondent.
first respondent was in possession of land to the extent of
in Khasra Nos. 982, 984, 989 & 990 in village Jhakri, Tehsil Rampur Bushehr,
District Shimla. According to the first respondent he had purchased the said
land from one Raj Kumar Rajinder Singh, who was the original owner, on
21.8.1965. There was a dispute between the said Raj Kumar Rajinder Singh and
the State Government as to whether certain large tracts of land including the
land in question had vested in the State Government under the provisions of the
Himachal Pradesh abolition of Big Landed Estates Act and Land Reforms Act,
1953, which came into effect on 26.1.1955. During the pendency of that dispute
the first respondent claimed that he had been issued a Patta and given
possession on 21.8.1966. According to the first respondent, although a sale
deed/Patta was executed it could not be registered since there was prohibition
against registration of documents during that period. The Patta itself recited:
"if for some reason the land vests in the State Government, in that
eventuality the above mentioned persons i.e.
herein, will pay the compensation to the Government of Himachal Pradesh. Hence
this is written so that it is handy at the right time". The issue as to
whether the land in question had vested in the State Government by reason of
section 27 of the Act XV of 1954 was settled by this Court by its judgment
dated September 17, 1969 in Civil Appeal Nos.1186 to 1191 of 1966, by which
this Court held that the vesting under sub-section (1) of section 27 takes
place immediately on the commencement of the Act, that thereafter under
sub-section (3) compensation had to be paid to the land owner in accordance
with provisions mentioned therein and that under sub- section (4) the State Government
shall transfer the rights of ownership to a tenant in possession and
cultivating the land only on payment of compensation. Since certain other
questions had not been decided by the High Court, the appeals were allowed and
the decision of the Judicial Commissioner was set aside and the case was
remanded to the High Court for decision on the other questions which had not
5.3.1998 a Notification was issued under section 4(1) of the Land Acquisition
Act by which the land in question was sought to be acquired. The Land
Acquisition Collector made an award under the provisions of the said Act. The
compensation calculated by the Collector was deposited by the
appellant-Corporation and was disbursed to the first respondent. An amount of
Rs.6,55,718 was paid over to the first respondent pursuant to the award. It is
the case of the appellant-Corporation that under the Patta dated 21.8.1965 the
first respondent had to pay back the said amount to the State Government, but
had failed to do so.
the Board of Directors of the appellant- Corporation formulated a scheme for
Resettlement and rehabilitation of persons whose land had been acquired for the
benefit of the Corporation. The Resolution pertaining to the said scheme reads
Board discussed at length and approved the plan for Resettlement and
Rehabilitation of persons being displaced due to construction of NJPC at
allot developed agricultural land, to each family, who is rendered landless,
equivalent to the area acquired or 5 bighas, whichever is less. This 5 bighas
would include any land left with the family after acquisition. This would be
done only after the certificate of his having become landless is submitted duly
signed by Sub-Divisional Magistrate, Rampur.
provide a house with a building up plinth area of 45 sqm. to each landless
family whose house is acquired alternatively to pay Rs. 45,000/- to each
landless family, whose house is acquired, and constructs his house at his own
cost, with a plinth area of 45 sqm. or more. In case of such persons constructs
less than 45 sqm. plinth area, then the amount to be given will be worked out
in direct proportion to the area of house constructed vis-`-vis Rs.45,000/- as
the cost of 45 sqm.plith area.
provide water supply, electricity, street light and approach paths in the
rehabilitation colonies at project cost.
provide transportation at project cost for physical mobilization of all the
displaced families, as soon as the houses get constructed premises/shops
allotted to any oustee on preferential basis shall be utilized by the oustee
for his bonafide use only.
provide suitable employment to one members of each displaced family according
to his capability and qualifications subject to availability of vacancies.
However, persons who are allotted shops would not be eligible for benefit of
employment and vice-versa.
incur the estimated expenditure of Rs.184 lacs on rehabilitation (Annexure VIII
of the Rehabilitation Plan)against an ad hoc provision of Rs.18 lacs in
Detailed Project Report (September, 1986 price level)."
first respondent applied to the Sub-Divisional Magistrate, Rampur, who had been appointed as
Resettlement and Rehabilitation Officer, for issuance of 'landless
certificate'. Such a certificate was issued by the SDM to the first respondent.
On the strength of the said certificate the first respondent called upon the
appellant-Corporation to make available to him the benefits under the
Resettlement and rehabilitation scheme. The appellant, however, refused to do so
on the ground that the respondent herein was not the real owner of the land
which had been acquired. The first respondent moved to the High Court under
Article 226 of the Constitution by way of a writ petition being CWP No.1783/96.
He pointed out in the petition that he had continued to be in possession of the
land and was earning his livelihood from it; that his entire land has been
acquired for the benefit of the appellant-Corporation ; since there was an
objection raised with regard to his right to receive the compensation, the Land
Acquisition Collector referred the matter to the District Judge, Rampur under
section 30 of the Land Acquisition Act for determining his entitlement; the
District Judge Rampur held that the first respondent was entitled to claim the
entire amount of compensation deposited in the Court; that inasmuch as the
entire land held by the first respondent had been acquired for the benefit of
the appellant- Corporation, the respondent was entitled to the benefits flowing
from the Resettlement and rehabilitation scheme which was not being made
available to him. The respondents opposed the prayer made in the petition and
inter alia contended that the first respondent was not really the owner in
possession of the land in question and he had no title to the land.
High Court noticed that the District Judge had found that the first respondent
was entitled to claim compensation in respect of the 11.4 bighas of land in its
award. The Sub-Division Officer, Rampur had certified that the entire land in possession of the first
respondent had been acquired for the Hydro Electric project and that there was
no more land remaining with him. There was also a certificate issued by the Patwari
of the concerned area certifying that the first respondent had constructed his
house on the land in question.
High Court, in the circumstances, allowed the writ petition.
learned counsel for the appellant attempted to raise the issue as to whether
the title of the land in question had vested in the State Government. In our
view it is not necessary for us to enter into this controversy. Nor, are we
impressed by the reliance placed on the undertaking in the Patta to the effect
that if ultimately it is held that the land belongs to the State Government the
first respondent would be liable to pay the compensation to the State
Government. That is a matter between the said Raj Kumar Rajinder Singh, the
State Government and the first respondent. The writ petitioner was before the
High Court only for claiming his rights flowing from the Resettlement and
rehabilitation scheme. The High Court justifiably took the view that it was not
open to the present appellant to challenge the ownership of the first
respondent especially when he had been paid the compensation for acquisition of
the land under the orders of the District Judge, Rampur.
judgment the view taken by the High Court is correct and needs no interference.
The whole purpose of the Resettlement and Rehabilitation scheme was to ensure
that families rendered landless by the acquisition of land were made available
some benefits apart from the compensation payable under the provisions of the
Land Acquisition Act. There does not seem to be any doubt that the first
respondent fulfilled all the requirements under the Resettlement and
Rehabilitation Scheme formulated by the Resolution of the Corporation dated
these circumstances, we are of the view that the High Court was justified in
concluding that, irrespective of the dispute between the State Government and
the said Raj Kumar Rajinder Singh, the first respondent was entitled to the
benefits flowing from the Resettlement and Rehabilitation Scheme We see no
merit in the appeal, which is hereby dismissed. The dismissal of this appeal
shall be without prejudice to the rights of the State Government with regard to
its dispute with the said Raj Kumar Rajinder Singh on the issue of vesting of