Singh & Ors Vs. State of Madhya Pradesh  INSC 717 (9 September 1997)
PUNCHHI, S. P. KURDUKAR, M. JAGANNADHA RAO
Mr. Justice M.M. Punchhi Hon'ble Mr. Justice S.P. Kurdukar Hon'ble Mr. Justice
M. Jagannadha Rao H.M. Singh, Kirpal Singh, M.A. Krishna Moorthy, Advs. for the
Singh, Adv. for the Respondent The following Judgment of the Court was
KURDUKAR, J These two criminal appeals by special leave are filed by A-1 to A-4
and A-6 against a common judgment dated July 30, 1992 passed by the High Court of Madhya
Pradesh, Jabalpur Bench at Indore. All
the appellants under the impugned order stood convicted for an offence
punishable under Sections 148 and 302/149 of the Indian Penal Code for which
they were sentenced to suffer two years' rigorous imprisonment and imprisonment
for life respectively.
appellants along with Bhagirath (A-5) and Bali Ram (A-7) were tried for an
offence punishable under Sections 148, 302/149 of the Indian Penal Code for
committing the murder of Peera Singh. Bhagirath (A-5) died during the pendency
of trial and hence, trial abated against him. Bali Ram (A-7) was acquitted of
all the charges by the High Court. Peera Singh (since deceased) was the resident
of village Kalmer in district Indore (M.P). Peera Singh suspected that his
first wife was abducted by Bhagirath (A-5 since dead ) which led to the
incident of assault on Bhagirath by Peera Singh and his two associates, namely,
Amba Ram and Hari Das. As a result of this assault, Bhagirath sustained serious
injuries on his leg which was ultimately required to be amputated. For that
crime, all three accused persons were tried and convicted under Section 307 of
the Indian Penal Code and each one of them was sentenced to suffer rigorous
imprisonment for three years.
undergoing the said sentence, Peera Singh and others came out of jail. This was
a cause for enmity between them.
alleged by the prosecution that Bhagirath and his companions were waiting for
an opportunity to take revenge on Peera Singh and ultimately on 7th August,
1984 at about 4.00 p.m., the appellants and two other accused persons picked up
quarrel with Peera Singh when he was returning on a bicycle with his wife Ram Kanya
(PW 1) from Hatod to his village Kalmer. Shanker Singh (A-2) obstructed Peera
Singh near village Kankad and thereafter Kamal Singh (A-1), Mangi Lal (A-4) and
Deokaran (A-6) who were hiding at a short distance reached the place of assault
with weapons in their hands. Peera Singh and his wife anticipating danger to
their lives started running towards the field of Bhagirath. All the appellants
chased them and after overpowering Peera Singh, he was dropped on the ground in
the field of Bhagirath. A-1 and A-3 were armed with axes. A-6 was armed with farsi.
In the meantime, A-7 appeared on the scene of occurrence with lathi and knife.
A-5 (since deceased) exhorted the appellants to chop off the head of Peera
(PW 1) tried to intervene and requested them to spare her husband but
appellants did not pay any heed to her request but on the contrary they
assaulted Ram Kanya (PW 1).
the assault was going on, a Matador was passing by the road. Ram Kanya (PW 1)
gave a signal to the driver of the Matador to stop which in fact stopped. Goverdhan
(PW 2), Rameshwar, Sunder (PW 8) and Hari Dass (PW 4) who were the occupants of
the said Matador got down therefrom. The appellants finding that some persons
had arrived at the scene of occurrence, fled away. Ram Kanya (PW 1) then
requested the occupants of the Matador to help her in carrying the injured to
the police stating at Hatod. While carrying the injured Peera Singh to the
police station at Hatod, he died on the way before they reached the police
station. The statement of Ram Kanya (PW 1) was recorded by the Station House
Officer on 7th August,
1984 at 6.00 p.m.
registering the FIR of Ram Kanya (PW 1) at about 6.00 p.m., the dead body of Peera Singh was sent to the Primary
Health Centre, Hatod. Dr. Kochar (PW 5), Medical Officer held the autopsy on
the dead body of Peera Singh on 8th August, 1984 and found as many as 14 incised injuries on the dead body.
The cause of death as mentioned by Dr. Kochar was due to excessive haemorrhage
and shock on account of incision carotid vessels and jugular veins. In the
meantime, the investigating officer carried out the investigation and after
completing the same, as stated earlier, seven accused persons were put up for
trial for the offences punishable under Sections 147, 148, 302/149 and 324 of
the Indian Penal Code.
appellants denied the charge and claimed to be tried. According to them, they
have been falsely implicated due to enmity. A-1 and A-2 took up the plea of
alibi and in support thereof they examined Moti Lal (DW 1) and Ganga Ram (DW
2). All the accused pleaded that they are incident and they be acquitted.
prosecution in support of its case mainly relied upon the ocular account of
incident given by Ram Kanya (PW 1). Goverdhan (PW 2), Ram Singh (PW 3) and Hari
Dass (PW 4) were the occupants of the Matador and were examined to prove the
presence of Ram Kanya (PW 1) at the scene of occurrence and running away of the
accused from the place of incident.
addition to this evidence, prosecution examined panch witnesses to prove the
sport panchanama as well as various recoveries of the incriminating articles at
the instance of the appellants under Section 27 of the Indian Evidence Act.
Kochar (PW 5) was examined to prove the post mortem examination report (Ex.6).
trial court after careful scrutiny of the oral and documentary evidence on
record convicted the appellants under Sections 147, 148, 302/149 of the Indian
Penal Code and sentenced them to undergo various terms of sentences.
trial court however, acquitted A-1 to A-4 and A-6 of the charge under Section
324/34 of the Indian Penal Code for causing injuries to Ram Kanya (PW 1).
Substantive sentences were ordered to run concurrently. Agg ieved by the order
of conviction and sentence passed by the trial court, the appellants and Bhagirath
preferred two sets of criminal appeals to the High Court of Madhya Pradesh,
Bench at Jabalpur. The High Court confirmed the
conviction and sentence of the appellants but, however, acquitted Bali Ram
(A-7) of all the charges. It is this judgment of the High Court which is the
subject matter of challenge in these criminal appeals.
the outset, it may be stated that there is no serious challenge to the fact
that Peera Singh met with a homicidal death. Dr. Kochar (PW 5) who performed
the autopsy on the dead body of Peera Singh had found as many as 14 incised
injuries. the cause of death was testified to be excessive haemorrhage and
shock due to cutting of carotid vessels and jugular veins. We, therefore, see no
hesitation in confirming the findings of the courts below that Peera singh died
a homicidal death.
Singh, the learned counsel appearing in support of these appeals urged that the
courts below committed a serious error in holding that the FIR was not ante
fact that the said FIR was received by the concerned Magistrate on 10th August, 1984, after about two days, clearly
proves that the FIR was not lodged as alleged on 7th August, 1984 at 6.00
p.m. but the same
might have been recorded and registered some time on 8th August, 1984. There is no suitable explanation
given by the investigating officer as to why it was sent to the concerned
Magistrate after two days. Counsel, therefore, urged that the assault on Peera
Singh must not have been witnessed by anybody and only after finding the dead
body of Peera Singh on 8th
August, 1984, a false
FIR was registered against the appellants on suspicion and out of enmity. This
contention was also raised before the courts below and the same was negatived
by them. It is no doubt true that the copy of FIR was received by the concerned
Magistrate on 10th
August, 1984 but that
by himself could not be a circumstance to hold that the FIR was ante dated and
was in fact not lodged on 7th August, 1984.
The evidence of Ram Kanya (PW 1) is very emphatic on this point and she had
asserted that she saw the entire incident and she herself had gone to the
police station in the Matador along with the dead body of Peera Singh and
lodged the FIR on 7th
August, 1984 at 6.00 p.m.
searching cross-examination, the defence could not elicit any omission or
contradiction in this behalf. In this view of the matter merely because the
copy of the First Information Report was received by the concerned Magistrate
on 10th August, 1984, no conclusion could be drawn that the FIR was not lodged
on 7th August, 1984 at 6.00 p.m. the courts were right in rejecting this
was then urged by Mr. Umanath Singh that the evidence of Ram Kanya (PW 1) is
full of material omissions and contractions and, therefore, it would not be
safe to accept her evidence as trustworthy. He took us through the evidence of
Ram Kanya (PW 1) and pointed out to us various omissions and contradictions.
There are some omissions and contradictions but the same are trivial in nature
and, therefore, in our considered view would not affect the substratum of the
prosecution case. The fact that Ram Kanya (PW 1) had sustained some injuries
was not seriously disputed in these appeals. Ram Kanya (PW 1) was examined by
Dr. N. Kochar (PW 5) on 8th
August, 1984, and he
issued the injury certificate. He denied that the incised the injury
certificate. He denied that the incised injury on the person of Ram Kanya (PW
1) could be a self inflicted injury. In the face of this positive evidence on
record, it is difficult to hold that Ram Kanya (PW 1) was not present at the
time when the assault took place on Peera Singh. Ram Kanya (PW 1) has given all
necessary details as regards the assault the weapons and the role played by
each of the accused. It is in these circumstances, we do not see any error when
the courts below have accepted the evidence of Ram Kanya (PW 1) as the time of
incident also stands corroborated from the evidence of Goverdhan (PW 2) and Hari
Dass (PW 4). They were the occupants of Ram Kanya (PW 1). When they got down,
they saw the accused running away. They saw Ram Kanya (PW 1) was present at the
scene of offence and had sustained some injuries on her person. It is true that
both these witnesses were having some hostile relations with the appellants but
on that score, it would not be proper to discard their evidence. The courts
below have very carefully scrutinised their evidence bearing in mind the
strained relations between the appellants and these witnesses and after careful
scrutiny of their evidence accepted the same to the limited extent that the
presence of Ram Kanya (PW 1) was proved at the place of incident and carried
injured Peera Singh in Matador to the Police Station at Hatod. We, therefore,
see no error in the said finding recorded by the courts below.
Singh then urged that there is a significant variance as regards the role
attributed to each of the appellants and the weapons with which they assaulted Peera
Singh. Mr. Singh then urged that the evidence of Ram Kanya (PW 1) is again full
of omissions and contradictions even as regards the role played by each of the
appellants and the weapons with which they assaulted Peera Singh. The witness
had made a lot of improvements in her evidence before the court and if these
improvements are carefully scrutinised, it would clearly show that the witness
is not telling the whole truth. This submission is again devoid of any merit.
trial court in its exhaustive judgment had succinctly considered the evidence
of Ram Kanya (PW 1) in this behalf and had accepted the same being trustworthy.
The High Court confirmed the said finding after going through the evidence of
Ram Kanya (PW 1), we see no reason to take a different view.
was then urged by Mr. Singh that the evidence of Ram Kanya (PW 1), Goverdhan
(PW 2) and Hari Dass (PW 4) should be discarded as they bore an enmity against
is no corroboration to the evidence of these interested witnesses from any
independent source and in the absence of such corroboration, it would not be
safe to convict the appellants on their evidence. At any rate, appellants in
the present circumstances be given benefit of doubt and be acquitted. This
submission again dose not appeal to us. Ram Kanya (PW 1) in her evidence had
asserted that Bhagirath (A-5 since dead) was telling the appellants that Peera
Singh should be punished and his head should be severed. This was the direction
of Bhagirath (A-5 since dead) and in compliance thereof, the appellants with a
common object to commit the murder of Peera Singh, laid a murderous assault on
him and caused as many as 14 incised injuries on his person. The evidence on
record shows that the appellants chased Peera Singh until the field of Bhagirath
and then they again assaulted him with deadly weapons. It is thus clear that
the appellants formed an unlawful assembly and the object of the said assembly
was to commit the murder of Peera Singh.
After careful consideration of the oral and documentary evidence on record, we
are satisfied that the impugned order of conviction and sentence of the
appellants does not suffer from any infirmity.
For the foregoing conclusions, we do not see any merit in these appeals and the
same are accordingly dismissed.