Varana Venka Satyananarayana Vs. Suddha Apparao Naidu & Ors  INSC 310
(18 March 1997)
RAY, G.T. NANAVATI
O R D
E R This appeal is directed against the judgment of the Andhra Pradesh High
court dated April 16,1987 passed in second appeal No. 308 of
1981. By the impugned judgment , the High court has dismissed the second appeal
preferred by the appellant. One Bheemarasetti Adinarayan Naidu was the
plaintiff in Suit No. O.S. No 55 of 1967 in the Court of District Munsif, anakapalli
which was renumbered as OS No. 260 of 1969 in the court of principal district Munsif.
Yellamanchill. Such suit was instituted by the plaintiff for redemption of usufructuary
mortgage created by deed dated December 11,1946 (Ext. A-1) on the basis of the
sale deed dated Saptember 19, 1960 (Ext.A-2) under which the said plaintiff
purchased the property with a right to redeem. The appeliant was the second
defendant in the said suit. There is no disoute that at the time of creating
such usufructuary mortgage in 1946, the appellant was continuing as a lease and
the lease was to expire in 1948. The appellant contended that his right as
lessee continued despite the said usufructuary mortgage and in view of such
right continuing , he had acquired non-evictable right and, therefore, there
was no question of taking over possession of the property from him by
redemption of mortgage . Such contention has not been accepted either by the
court below or by the High Court.
Ram Kumar, learned counsel appearing for the appellant has contended that
simply on execution of usufructuary mortgage the right of the lessee does not
come to an end unless and until it can be established that such lease hold
interest had been termminated or the lease hold interest had been termminated
or the lease hold interest had been surrendered either by exoress conduct of
the parties or by necessary implication flowing from the deed of mortgage.
as aforesaid, it must be held that the lease hold interest continues
notwithstanding creation of usufructuary mortgage, In support of such
contention. Reliance has been made to the decision of this court in Gopalan Krishnakutty
vs. Kunjamma Pillai Sarojini Amma & ors ( 1996 (3) SCC 424).
taking into consideration of the decisions of this Kohawale (1995(6) SCC 608)
and in Gambangi Applaswamy Naidu vs. Behara Venkataramanayya Patro (1984(4) SCC
382) Shankarappa Malave (1976 (3) SCC 660) it has been held in Gopalan Krishnakutty's
case that simply on the execution of the usufructuary martgage deed. surrender
of tenancy right cannot be inferred but the question of continuance of lease
hold interest upon execution of usufructuary mortgage is required to be decided
on the facts situation of the case.
Ram Kumar has submitted that there is no automatic merger of interest of the
lessee with that of the mortgagee and in the absence of proof of surrender by
the defendant of his lease hold interest and to hold only the right of
mortgagee, the plaintiff is not entitled to automatically claim possession of
the lease hold premisses by redeeming the mortgage.
have taken into consiceration the mortgage deed executed in 1946 . In our view.
a clear intention of only retaining the mortgage's interest is to be inferred
in view of the specific statement that on redemption, the mortgagee should
deliver possession to the mortgage. we may indicate that the expression to that
effect used in the mortgage deed has been noted by the courts below. We may
also indicate that there is no indication in the mortgage deed as to how the
rent payable by the mortgagee deed lessee was to be adjusted between the
parties. The absence of any mode of adjustment of lease hold rent implies that
it was not intended that despite the said mortgage. Parties intended that the
lease hold interest was to continue. It may also be indicated here that lease
hold interest was to expire in 1948. In the absence of any payment of rent for
such lease hold interest and acceptance of such payment after expiring of the
period of lease it can not also be contended and that there was a case of
holding over by the lessee. In the aforesaid circumstances. The finding by the
Courts below that the lease hold interest had come to an end and the plaintiff
was entitled to the redemption of the mortgage and to take delivery of the
properties under these mortgage deed cannot be held to be unjust or improper. we
therefore do not find reason to interfere with the impugned judgment of the
High Court. The appeal, therefore, fails and is dismissed.