Sanyasi Raju Vs. The Branch Manager, State Bank of India Visakhapatnam (A.P  INSC 1433 (18 November 1996)
O R D
appeal by special leave arises from the order of the Division Bench of the
Andhra Pradesh High Court, made on April 26, 1996 in Writ Appeal No. 203.96
confirming the judgment of the learned single judge.
admitted position is that while the appellant was working as an officer in JMG
Scale-I, an enquiry was held and he was removed from the service on the finding
of misconduct recorded by order dated May 25, 1990. He filed the Writ petition
claiming payment of Provident Fund and pension. The learned single Judge
directed payment of the Provident Fund in terms of the Rule but denied the
relief of pension. That was confirmed by the Division Bench.
appellant placed reliance on Rule 22 of the State Bank of India Services Rules
which reads as under | "22.(i) A member shall be entitled to a pension
under these rules on retiring from the Bank's years- a) After having completed
twenty years' pensionable service provided that he has attained the age of
After having completed twenty years' pensionable service, irrespective of the
age he shall have attained, if he shall satisfy the authority competent to
sanction his retirement by approved medical certificate or otherwise that he is
in capacitated for further active service;
After having completed twenty years the age he shall have attained at his
request in writing.
After twenty five years' pensionable service.
member who has attained the age of fifty five or who shall be proved to the
satisfaction of the authority empowered to sanction his retirement to be
permanently incapacitated by bodily service (such infirmity not being the
result of irregular or intemperate habits) may, at the discretion of the
trustees, be granted a proportionate pension.
A member who has been permitted to retire under clauses 1 (c) above shall be
entitled to proportionate pension."
contended that under Clause 22(i)(b), because of the removal from service he
was incapacitated for further active service he is entitled to the pension. The
High Court rightly had not accepted the said contention. It is seen that on
medical grounds or any of the enumerated grounds if he had sought retirement on
that basis and allowed to retire from service, he would be entitled to pension
on completion of 20 years of pensionable service. removal from service for misconduct
cannot be considered to be incapacitation for rendering the service and Clause
22(i) (b) does not apply to pension. It is then seriously contended by Shri Sampath,
learned counsel for the appellant, that since he has completed 20 years of pensionable
service, irrespective of removal, he is entitled to the pension under clause(c)
thereof. In support thereof, he sought to place reliance on a clarification
issued by the Bank in their letter dated February 11, 1985 stating that removal
from service entitled him to pension as is available to the other retired
persons. He also further contended that one Mr. C.C.M. Nambiar, who was
similarly situated and removed from service for misconduct, was given the
benefit of the said advice. Therefore, the petitioner is entitled to the same
benefit. We cannot accept the said contention as correct. Clause 22(i) (c)
envisages only that after completing 20 years of pensionable service, if an
incumbent retired his request in writing and was permitted to retire, he would
be entitled to pension. In other words, for voluntary retirement, on completion
of 20 years of pensionable service, clause(c) of Rule 22(1) gets attracted.
does not apply to officer who was removed from the service for misconduct.
Under these circumstances, the High Court has not committed any error of law
warranting interference. Merely because, on a wrong advice, another employee
was given pension after removal from service, the same cannot be made a ground
under Article 14 to perpetuate the same mistake. So, Article 14 does not apply
and no discrimination arises.
appeal is disposed of. No costs.