Transport Manager (Admn.), O.S.R.T.C., Orissa Vs. Dilip Kumar Nayak & Anr
 INSC 1534 (29
O R D
appeal by special leave arises from the judgment of the Division Bench of the Orissa
High Court in CJC No. 1970/89 dated 19th July, 1991. The respondent No. 1 was a
conductor in the appellant-Corporation. While he was posted in the District of Baripada,
he committed misconduct, Disciplinary enquiry was conducted against him and on
proof of his misconduct, he was dismissed from service, while Industrial
Dispute Case No.25 of 1981 under Section 10(1) (d) of the Industrial Disputes
Act, 1947 [for short, the "Act"] was pending decision. The respondent
filed an application under Section 33 (1) (a) of the Act contending that since
the dispute relating to an employee in Bhadrad zone was pending adjudication in
the Industrial Tribunal, without the leave of the Tribunal under Section 33-A
his service could not be terminated. The Tribunal dismissed the petition but in
the writ petition, the Division Bench in the impugned judgment has set aside
that order and held that the order of dismissal is bad in law. It is now
admitted that pending this appeal, the respondent was reinstated in September
1993 on his undertaking that he will not claim any back-wages.
question is: whether the view taken by the High Court is correct in law? It is
not in dispute that for administrative convenience, efficacy and coordinated
transport operations and transaction of business, the Corporation by its
resolution created divisions, zones and special zones, with regard to the area
of its operation under the Motor Vehicles Act. The respondent is working in Baripada
Zone, while the pending dispute in the Industrial Dispute case relates to the
employee working in Bhadrak Zone.
seen that this Court in Isha Steel Treatment, Bombay v. Association of Engineering Workers, Bombay & Anr.
[(1987) 2 SCC 203] had considered a similar question whether there was
functional integrity between the office at the Churchgate and the factory at Trombay.
It was held that in the absence of any functional integrity, separate offices
could be created as independent units and they cannot be deemed as one unit. In
support thereof, this Court had relied on an earlier judgment in Workmen v.
Straw Board Manufacturing Co. Ltd. [(1974) SCC 681]. The same ratio applies to
the facts of this case. As stated earlier, for efficient transaction of the
business and coordinated services of the transport operations, several zones
have been created by the Corporation and each zone is independent of its
operational efficacy. Therefore, all the zones are not an integral part or
parcel of coordinated transport service as a single unit. In these
circumstances, the decision of the High Court that all the zones would be
considered to be and integral unit of the Corporation and pendency of
industrial dispute in respect of one employee of a different zones would be a
bar for the management to take disciplinary action against an employee in that
particular zone is clearly wrong. We are of the opinion that in such a case
there is no need for the management to seek and obtain leave of the Industrial
Tribunal under Section 33a-A of the Act.
appeal is according disposed of. However, in view of the understanding between
the appellant and the workmen and as he has already been reinstated without any
back- wages, this order would not stand as an impediment in the way of the
respondent to continue to be in service. No costs.