Reddy & Ors Vs. State of Andhra Pradesh
& Ors  INSC 74 (16 January 1996)
S.P. (J) Bharucha S.P. (J) Ahmadi A.M. (Cj) Bharucha, J.
1996 SCC (7) 289 JT 1996 (1) 350 1996 SCALE (1)366
appeals impugn two orders of the Andhra Pradesh Administrative Tribunal, of 8th
March and 13th April,
relate to seniority in the post of Assistant Executive Engineer, earlier called
Junior Engineer, in the Public Health & Municipal Engineering Department of
the Government of Andhra Pradesh.
to 18th August, 1970, the post of Junior Engineer was
filled by direct recruitment and by redesignating Supervisors as Junior
Engineers, as and when vacancies were available, upon their becoming graduates.
State Government by GOMs No. 682 dated 18th August, 1970, banned the direct recruitment of
in exercise of emergency powers conferred by Rule 10(1)(a)(1) of the Andhra
Pradesh State and Subordinate Service Rules, 1965, the State Government made
temporary and ad-hoc appointments of Junior Engineers on emergency basis.
appointments were not made after selection by the State Public Service
Commission, which was the prescribed method of regular appointment. In 1975, with
a view to regularise the service of these temporary and ad-hoc appointees, the
State Government conducted a Special Qualification Test (SQT). It was open to
the temporary ad-hoc appointees who had put in two years continuous service upto
Ist January, 1973, to take the SQT. Those who qualified were ranked in
seniority below those who had been regularly appointed as Junior Engineers
prior to 18th August,
1976 the ban on direct recruitment of Junior Engineers was lifted by the State
Government and direct recruitment through the State Public Service Commission
to the post of Junior Engineer was resorted to. Selections, accordingly, were
processed between 1978 and March 1979.
appointment orders in respect of those who had been selected could be issued,
the State Government, on 14th
issued two orders, being GOMs NO. 646 and 647. Under the former, the State
Government directed that the services of all temporary appointees appointed by
direct recruitment and continuing in service as on 9th August, 1979 would be regularized without subjecting them to any written
or oral test. Under GOMs No. 647, the State Government issued orders for
the services of all temporary Government employees who were appointed by direct
recruitment to any category or post and are continuing in service as on August
9, 1979 should be regularized without subjecting them to any test written or
the services of all temporary employees in all categories, other than LDCs,
Typists and Steno-typists, in the Offices of the Heads of Departments and
Junior Assistants, Typists and Steno- typists in the Secretariat, should be
regularized from the next date following the date on which the last regular
appointment in that category was made in the unit concerned or from the date or
temporary appointment whichever is later." Direct recruits of the year
1978-79 challenged GOMs Nos. 647 in a petition before the Andhra Pradesh State
Administrative Tribunal. The Tribunal rejected the challenge. This Court was
approached in appeal. The appeal was rejected, but certain directions were
given. The judgment is I.J. Divakar & Ors. vs. Government of Andhra Pradesh
& Anr., (1982) 3 S.C.C 341. The direct recruits selected selected in 1978
were appointed and given seniority as directed in Divakar's case. On 17th July, 1987, the State Government directed that
the seniority of the year 1978-79 be fixed above that of the temporary
appointees whose services had being regularized under GOMs No.647.
State Government's order of 17th July,1987,
was challenged by those temporary appointees who had been regularized under GOMs
No.647 and the challenge was upheld.
direct recruits of 1978-79 thereupon filed a Special Leave Petition before this
Court. It was heard along with Civil Appeals that related to disputes about
seniority between temporary ad-hoc Junior Engineers on the one hand and
Supervisors who had been designated Junior Engineers upon graduation on the
other hand. The judgment of this Court is in G.S. Venkat Reddy & Ors. vs.
Govt. of A.P. & Ors., (1993) Supp.(3) S.C.C. 425, and it was delivered, on
behalf of a Bench of three learned Judges by one of us.
J., as he then was). The judgment noted several earlier judgments, including
the judgment in Divakar's case.in paragraph 15 "15 of the judgment, a
precise summary of the Court's directions was given, thus :
To summarise: The candidates who have entered service after after passing the
SQT shall rank immediately after the regularly appointed candidates who had
entered service before the selection of the successful SQT candidates. Next to
the SQT candidates will rank those who are governed by this Court's directive
in the last paragraph of Diwakar case.
the seniority will be fixed between the candidates covered under GOMs No.647,
the upgraded supervisors and the SC/ST candidates recruited under the Rule
22(e) limited recruitment scheme- in the light of this judgment, The judgment
and order of the Tribunal will stand modified to the extent it concerns the
SC/ST candidates recruited under the Rule 22(e) limited recruitment scheme. If
as a consequence of this modification readjustment of inter se seniority
between a candidate governed by GOMs No. 647 and an upgraded supervisor becomes
necessary it will be effected in the terms of this judgment.
orders consistent with this judgment may be issued, if necessary.
tor the modification made in regard to recruitment under the limited
recruitment scheme, the Tribunal's order is upheld." No seniority list
having been prepared pursuant to the judgment in Venkat Reddy's case, the
appellants moved the Tribunal. To this petition before the Tribunal, The as-hoc
temporary appointees were impleaded upon their application.
also filed an application before the Tribunal questioning the placement in
selected in 1978-79 above themselves.
On 21st January, 1994, the State Government issued a
provisional provisional seniority list placing the direct recruits selected in
1978-79 above temporary ad-hoc appointees who were covered by GOMs No.647.
Tribunal, on 3rd March,
1994, called upon the
concerned officers of the State Government to appear before it to explain the
parameters which they proposed to follow for preparing seniority lists.
On 8th March, 1994, the first of the two orders
impugned in this appeal was passed. It stated that the Government Placed before
the Tribunal a letter dated 7th March, 1994,
which indicated that the State Government wanted to "proceed on the basis
of the judgment of the Supreme Court in G.S. Venkat Reddy's case for preparing
fresh provisional seniority list ..... Without considering the implication of
the presidential order, The general and special rules and the other judgments
of the Supreme Court and any other Judgments of the erstwhile judgment in this
Department (sic) and executive instructions of the Government in a
comprehensive manner it will not be appropriate to proceed with the preparation
of provisional seniority list as proposed which may give rise for further
controversies." The Tribunal directed the State Government to prepare the
parameters for preparation of the seniority list after examining this material,
the initial organisation of the cadres, the cadre strength, the persons
allotted that time and the vacancies that had arisen thereafter.
13th April, 1994, the second of the impugned orders was passed. It referred to
a statement of the parameters which the State Government prosed to adopt. The
Tribunal quoted apart of para 13 thereof, as follows :
summary in the present judgment (Venkat Reddy,s case) and direction in the Divakar's
case as explained do not go together." The Tribunal deduced from this that
the State Government, Apparently, was "facing difficulties in reconciling
the judgments of the Supreme Court". The Tribunal considered it
appropriate to direct material, which was "basic and essential", to
be placed before it "for commencing and exercise for preparing a seniority
list". A list of the required material material followed. An interim order
was issued that "persons appointed in 1984 on the basis of the concession
given in Divakar's case are not put above the persons who are already in the
list chowing the organization of orders or appointed pursuant to SQT or GO 647
or limited recruitment." It seems to us that the Tribunal has over-reached
itself. As aforestated, the judgment in Venkat Reddy's case was delivered by a
Bench of three learned Judges after taking note of Divakar's case. The
directions given in Venkat Reddy's cease indicated where those governed by Divakar's
case are to be placed. There is, therefore, nothing in the directions which can
lead to difficultly not is there any question of "reconciling" the
sane with Divakar's case. We find no Justification for the Tribunal's directions
to the State Government to furnish "basic and essential" material to
enable it to commence an exercise for preparing a seniority lest, nor the
earlier direction that the parameters to be followed in preparing the seniority
lest should be set down by the State Government after examining Presidential
orders, general and special rules, judgments of the Supreme Court other than
that in Venkat Reddy's case and other judgments.
orders of the Andhra Pradesh Administrative Tribunal dated 8th March and 13th
April, 1994 are, accordingly, quashed and at aside. The State Government is
directed to review the seniority list that it has prepared to ensure that it is
in strict conformity with the directions given in Venkat Reddy's case and
precisely summarised in paragraph 15 thereof. This seniority list, after such
review, shall be placed before the Tribunal, which shall examine it only with a
view to ensuring that in accordance with the directions contained in Venkat
Reddy's case. The only directions contained in Venkat Reddy's case.
only discretion it has in this behalf is that indicated in paragraph of venkat
Reddy's case, namely, that it may issue orders consistent with that judgment,
applications pending before the Tribunal shall also be disposed of in the light
the judgment in Venkat Reddy's case.
appeal is allowed accordingly. There shall be no order as to costs.