Industrial Development Corporation Vs. Narottambhai Morarbhai & Anr 
INSC 1007 (23 August 1996)
K.Ramaswamy, K.G.B. Pattanaik (J)
O R D
learned counsel on both sides.
under Section 4 (1) of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 [for short, the
'Act"] was last published on April 10, 1989 acquiring a large extent of land
admeasuring 8,61,515 sq.mtr. for public purpose, viz., industrial development;
the land was at that time fit for cultivation but possessed of potential value
and was situated in outskirts of Surat. The Land Acquisition Officer in his award dated April 15, 1991 awarded compensation @ Rs.5/- per sq.mtr.
On reference, the extra Assistant Judge by his award and decree dated April 19, 1994 enhanced the compensation to
Rs.25/- per sq.mtr. On appeal by both the claimants as well as the State, the
High Court while dismissing the appeals of the State further enhanced the
compensation to Rs.33/- per sg.mtr. Thus these appeals by special leave.
the land was waste land but being possessed of potent value was fit for
building purposes and is situated in outskirts of industrial city, the courts
below were right in taking into consideration potential value of the land for
determination of compensation. In awards for lands notified under Section 4(1)
published between December
15, 1986 and December 29, 1989, compensation was awarded in the
range of Rs. 4.75 per sq.mtr. to Rs. 7/per sq.mtr. In respect of land situated
in lchhapur to a extent of around 908 sq. mtr., the market value was in the
range of Rs.33 per sq.mtr. Relying upon that, the High Court enhanced the
compensation. In view of the fact that the lands are situated at a distance of
two kilometers from the acquired lands reliance on sale deed, Ex.22 by the High
Court was wholly unjustified in law. It is accordingly excluded. However, we
agree that the lands are possessed of potential value, as found by all the
prudent purchaser would purchase large extent of land on the basis of sale of a
small extent of land in the open market. The acid test the court should always
adopt in determining market value in the matter of compulsory acquisition would
be to eschew feats of imagination sit in the arm chair of a prudent willing purchaser,
it should consider whether the willing vendee would offer the rate which the
trial court proposes to determine the compensation. Taking these facts into
consideration, we are of the view that the reasonable and adequate compensation
for the lands would be at net rate of Rs.22/- per sq.mtr., after giving
deduction of 1/3rd of the amount towards developmental chargers. Therefore, the
claimants would be entitled to the compensation @ Rs. 22/- per sq.mtr. They are
also entitled to the statutory benefits on the enhanced compensation.
are accordingly allowed. No costs.