Patnaik Vs. State of Orissa  INSC 482 (2 April 1996)
Agrawal, S.C. (J) Agrawal, S.C. (J) Nanavati G.T. (J) S.C. Agrawal,
1996 SCC (3) 619 JT 1996 (3) 754 1996 SCALE (3)227
appeal is directed against judgment of the Orissa Administrative Tribunal
(hereinafter referred to as 'the Tribunal') dated September 28, 1987 in O.A.
No. 44 of 1986 filed by the appellant assailing the order dated March 5, 1986
regarding his premature retirement from service.
appellant joined service as an Assistant Engineer in the Irrigation Department
of the Government of Orissa on April 1, 1956.
He was promoted as Executive Engineer on ad hoc basis on March 2, 1962 and in 1963 his promotion on the
post of Executive Engineer was regularized after obtaining the concurrence of
the Orissa Public Service Commission. On May 21, 1978 he was promoted as Superintending
Engineer on ad hoc basis and the said promotion was regularized in 1979 in
consultation with the Orissa Public Service Commission.
On November 30, 1984 the appellant was promoted as Chief
Engineer (Irrigation) on ad hoc basis and the said promotion was regularized on
the recommendation of the Orissa Public Service Commission on August 23, 1985. By order dated March 5, 1986 the appellant was compulsorily
retired from service.
order of compulsory retirement of the appellant was passed in exercise of the
powers conferred by the first proviso to Rule 71(a) of the Orissa Service Code
which empowers the State Government to compulsorily retire a Government servant
after his attaining the age of 50 years or his completion of 25 years service
if the State Government is of the opinion that his further retention in service
was not in public interest. In the petition filed before the Tribunal the
appellant has submitted that there was no material before the State Government
to form the requisite opinion for his compulsory retirement from service. The
said contention has not been accepted by the Tribunal.
order of compulsory retirement of the appellant was passed on the basis of the
recommendations made by the Review Committee duly constituted for that purpose.
The said Review Committee in its meeting held on February 15, 1986 reviewed the service record of five officers, including the
appellant, who had completed 50 years of age and it recommended premature
retirement of the appellant. From the proceedings of the said meeting of the
Review Committee (a copy of which has been placed before us by the learned
Advocate General appearing for the State of Orissa) we find that the recommendations of the Review Committee are based on
following circumstances :-
There were adverse entries in annual confidential reports of the appellant for
the years 1975-76 and 1977-78,
vigilance case has been registered by the Vigilance Department against the
appellant for possession of properties disproportionate to his known sources of
The appellant has also been asked to explain the allegation of corruption
during his incumbency as Executive Engineer, Balimela Dam Project.
Charges have been framed against him for committing irregularities in splitting
up the work during his incumbency as Superintending Engineer, Central Irrigation Circle.
His explanation has also been asked for placing orders with a firm in Calcutta for supply of 20 tarpaulins at a
cost of Rs. 37,759.66 paise without following the codal formalities and without
proper tender enquiries for ascertaining the lowest available rate during his
incumbency as Superintending Engineer, Central Irrigation Circle.
Proceedings have also been started against him for taking up work of
improvement at Kaushalayagang Fishery farm at an estimated cost of Rs. 4,22,565/-
and for splitting up the contract into two to bring this within the financial
limit of his power without obtaining the approval of the Chief Engineer for
splitting up the work and thus violating the provisions of the Orissa P.W.D.
code. The matter being referred to the Administrative Tribunal for enquiry by
the G.A. (Vigilance) Department, the Administrative Tribunal recommended to
demote the appellant to the rank of Executive Engineer but the Government after
careful consideration had Administrative Tribunal recommended to demote the
appellant to the rank of Executive Engineer but the Government after careful
consideration had decided to reduce his three increments.
was asked to explain the charge that as Superintending Engineer, Central Irrigation Circle in the year 1981, he committed
irregularities' in the matter of disposal of 50 m.t. of scrap steel. He
submitted his explanation and the matter is pending further enquiry.
been submitted by Shri Jatin Das, the learned counsel appearing for the
appellant, that in the vigilance case (circumstance No. 2), which was
registered by the Vigilance Department for possession of property
disproportionate to his known sources of income, a final report was submitted
by the police after completing the investigation and the same has been accepted
by the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Cuttack by order dated February 29,1988. As
regards circumstance No. 3 wherein the appellant was asked to explain
allegations of corruption during his incumbency as Executive Engineer, Balimela
Dam Project, it has been submitted by the appellant that on the receipt of
preliminary explanation and after taking the view of the Engineer-in-Chief the
contemplated proceedings were dropped.
regard to circumstance No. 4 about charges being framed against the appellant
for committing irregularities in splitting up the works during his incumbency
as Superintending Engineer, Central Irrigation Circle, it has been submitted that after explanation has been
submitted by the appellant no further action was taken and the proceedings were
dropped. The matter referred to in circumstance No. 5 was also dropped. As
regards circumstance No. 6 relating to the proceedings initiated against the
appellant in respect of Kaushalayagang Fishery farm, it has been submitted that
at the time when the matter was considered by the Review Committee the order of
the Government imposing the penalty of withholding three increments on the
appellant had not been intimated to the appellant and that thereafter the
appellant had challenged the said order by filing a petition (O.A. No. 487 of
1988) before the Orissa Administrative Tribunal which petition has been allowed
by the Tribunal by judgment dated December 4, 1991 and the order of the State
Government imposing the said penalty has been quashed. As regards circumstance
No. 7, it has been submitted that the proceedings in the matter of disposal of
50 m.t. of scrap steel has been dropped. The dropping of the proceedings in
respect of circumstances Nos.3, 4, 5 and 7 has not been disputed by the
respondent. Nor is the submission of the final report in the Vigilance case
(circumstance No. 2) and its acceptance by the Chief Judicial Magistrate as
well as quashing of the order imposing the penalty of withholding of three
increments (circumstance No. 6) disputed by the respondent. It would thus
appear that apart from the adverse entries for the years 1975-76 and 1977-78
the other circumstances on which reliance was placed by the Review Committee
were proceedings wherein either explanation had been asked for from the
appellant or where the explanation had been given and the matter was under
consideration of the authorities and all those proceedings were subsequently
dropped. Similarly, the vigilance case which had been registered against the
appellant by the Vigilance Department for possession of properties
disproportionate to his known sources of income was at the investigation stage
at that time and subsequently after completing the investigation the appellant
has been exonerated and the final report has been submitted which has been
accepted by the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Cuttack. The penalty of withholding
of three increments which was imposed by the State Government on the appellant
in the proceedings relating to work of improvement in Kaushalayagang Fishery
farm has been quashed by the Orissa Administrative Tribunal.
only material which remains is the adverse entries in the annual confidential
reports for the years 1975-76 and 1977-78. In the year 1975-76 the Additional
Chief Engineer had recorded the did not put his heart and soul to work".
In the year 1977-78 the Reporting Officer had recorded "he is callous
towards accounts and audit and does work in field errectically splitting up
work without competent authority".
countersigning officer made the following remarks :
the period of report, he had committed a lot of financial irregularities which
could have been avoided and he did not apply his mind at work." These
remarks relate to the period when the appellant was posted as Executive
Engineer. Thereafter he was promoted as Superintending Engineer in May 1978,
and in 1984 he was promoted as Chief Engineer (Irrigation). As regards
compulsory retirement from service the legal position is well settled :
government (or the Review Committee, as the case may be) shall have to consider
the entire record of service before taking a decision in the matter - of course
attaching more importance tc record of and performance during the later years
The record to be so considered would naturally include the entries in the
confidential records/character rolls both favorable and adverse. If a
government servant is promoted to a higher post notwithstanding the adverse
remarks, such remarks lose their sting, more so, if the promotion is based upon
merit (selection) and not upon seniority." [See : Baikuntha Nath Das &
Anr. v.Chief District Medical Officer. Baripada & Anr., 1992 (2) SCC 299,
at pp. 315-316] In the instant case, after the remarks were made in the
confidential reports for the years 1975--76 and 1977-78 the appellant had been
promoted on the post of Superintending Engineer in the year 1978 and thereafter
Executive Engineer in 1984 It has been pointed out that in respect of years
prior to 1975-76, in the year 1976-77 and in the years subsequent to 1977-78
the performance of the appellant was appraised as "good" In these
circumstances, we are of the view that the adverse remarks in the annual
confidential reports for the years 1975-76 and 1977-78 referred to above, by
themselves, cannot sustain the opinion leading to the compulsory retirement of
the appellant/on the basis that further retention of the appellant in service
was not in public interest We are, therefore, unable to uphold the order of
compulsory retirement dated March 5, 1986 and the same has to be set aside.
date of birth of the appellant is April 26, 1933 In the normal course he would
have retired on April 30, 1991 after attaining the age of superannuation of 58
years As a result of the quashing of the order of compulsory retirement dated
March 5,1986, the appellant has to be treated to have continued in service till
April 30, 1991 and for the purpose of pension and other retrial benefits the
pay should be fixed as on April 30, 1991 and the pension and retrial benefits
payable to him should computed on that basis As regards arrears of pay and
other emoluments for the period from March 5, 1986, the date of the order of
compulsory retirement, till April 30, 1991, the date of his attaining the age
of superannuation, we are of the view that having regard to the facts and circumstances
of the case the appellant should be paid 50 per cent of the pay and emoluments
payable to him for this period.
result, the appeal is allowed, the judgment of the Tribunal dated September 28, 1987 is set aside and the order dated March 5, 1986 for compulsory retirement of the
appellant from service is quashed. The appellant will be treated to have
continued in service till April 30, 1991 for the purpose of pension and other
retrial benefits His pay shall be fixed as on April 30, 1991 and pension and
other retrial benefits payable to him shall be computed on that basis. For the
period from March 5,
1986 till April 30, 1991 the appellant shall be paid 50 per
cent of the pay and emoluments payable to him. The said amount as well as the
arrears payable to him on account of revision of pension and retrial benefits
shall be paid to the appellant within a period of three months. There will be
no order as to costs.