Singh & Ors Vs. State of Punajab
Through Chief Secretary & Anr  INSC 296 (2 July 1995)
Singh (J) Kuldip Singh (J) Venkatachala N. (J)
1995 SCC (4) 591 JT 1995 (7) 477 1995 SCALE (4)229
2ND DAY OF JULY, 1995 Present:
Mr.Justice Kuldip Singh Hon'ble Mr.Justice N.Venkatachala Mr.R.S.Sodhi, Adv.
for the Petitioners. Mr. K.T.S. Tulsi, Additional Solicitor General, and Mr. R.S.
Suri, Adv. with him for the Respondents.
following Judgment of the Court was delivered:
Singh & Ors. V. State of Punjab through
Chief Secretry & Anr. Kuldip Singh,J.
letter-petition dated May
29, 1994 by Navkiran
Singh and 16 other advocates practising in the punjab and Haryana High Court at
Chandigrah and various other places in punjab voicing their concern over the
kidnapping/elimination of advocates in the State of punjab was addressed to the Chief Justice
of India. Copies thereof were sent to all the Judges of the Supreme Court.A
note was received from the residential office of one of us (Kuldip Singh,J.)
desiring that the letter be treated as a writ petition under Article 32 of the
Constitution of India, if permitted under the Rules, and be placed before an
appropriate Bench. The petition was examined by the PIL-Cell of the Supreme
Court and it was decided to treat the letter-petition as a petition under
Article 32 of the Constitution of India.
3 & 4 of the writ petition are reproduced hereunder :- "3. The Punjab sitution is not unknow to anybody.
Rather, it has gone to International sphere. The most talked about mater is the
failing of the rule of law at the hands of State Administration and its law
enforcing agencies, more prominently the police and paramilitary forces. For
the present, we are not concerned with any other aspect of the matter, but our
serious concern is with regard to the kidnapping of Advocates in Punjab by the Punjab police and thereafter elimination
thereof, but taking the stand that their whereabouts are not known to the
Singh Manshia, an Advocate from Bathinda was kidnapped by the punjab police
some three years ago and uptil now his whereabouts are not made known.
Jagwinder Singh, an Advocate from Kapurthala was taken away by the Punjab police and possibly was done to
death. Thereafter, towards the start of 1993 Kulwant singh, advocate of Ropar,
his wife, and their son, only 1-1/2 Years old, was kidnapped by the Ropar
police (punjab) and after a long persuasion of the matter, the State took the
stand that they have been killed at the hands of a terrorist. The State was not
even prepared to investigate into the case and ultimately, the matter went over
to the Supreme Court from where there was a direction to probe into the case by
the CBI, which is yet not complete. It is a fact that Advocates of Punjab, Haryana
and Chandigarh remained on strike for about two
months in relation to the matter of Kulwant Singh.
regard to other Advocates also, at some places, the Advocates also, at some
places, the Advocates went on strikes.
on 2.5.94, Sukhwinder singh Bhatti, Advocate of Sangrur was returning to his
village after court work. Earlier, he used to come to the courts on a scooter.
Sensing trouble from the police there, he started travelling in the bus with a
view that he will be more safe in the company of public in the bus. It is also
stated that he was made to get down from the bus on the date referred to above
by some armed persons in plain clothes, who were having a vehicle without
were three eye witnesses of the same village to which Shri Bhatti belongs. The
police posts on both sides of the road were there from where he was made to
alight from the bus. Every vehicle is to be checked especially when it is
without number and is occupied by persons having weapons. Therefore, there
cannot be any other kidnapper excepting the Punjab police people. Uptil now, his whereabouts are not available, although,
the police registered a case of kidnapping. It is a strange situation that when
the police is itself kidnapping, a false case is being registered and its
outcome can well be imagined. Various Bar Associations are taking up the matter
in different ways by approaching the State Administration or seeking legal
remedy. It will not be difficult to predict that the kidnapped Advocate will
suffer the fate of the type of Mansahia, Jagwinder Singh and Kulwant
Singh." It was, inter alia, prayed in the petition that the persons
responsible for kidnapping and killing of the advocates be suitably punished, appopriate
compensation should be paid to the kith and kin of kidnapped advocates by the
State and protection and security cover be given to those advocates who happen
to conduct cases of TADA, police excesses and human-rights violations.
Court on November 7, 1994 issued notice to the State of Punjab through Chief
Secretary and the Home Secretary. Notice was also issued to the District
Magistrates and the Superintendents of Police of Bathinda, Ropar and Sangrur.
The State of Punjab has filed reply to the writ petition by way of affidavit of
Karnail Chand Banga, Deputy Secretary, Punjab, Department of Human Affairs and
as the kidnapping and murder of Kulwant Singh, advocate of Ropar, his wife and
his small child is concerned, this Court has already entrusted the
investigation to the CBI which is being conducted by the said agency. Similarly.
V.K. Bali,J. of the Punjab & Haryana High Court has directed the CBI to
hold investigation regarding the kidnapping on May 12, 1994 of Shri Sukhwinder
Singh Bhatti, advocate practising in District Courts at Sangrur. The
investigation so entrusted to the CBI by the High Court is still pending. So
far as these two cases are concerned nothing more need be done. The result of
the investigation by the CBI is awaited.
Singh alias Happy, advocate Kapurthala was allegedly kidnapped by the police on
September 25, 1992.
wife of Sukhdev Singh and mother of Jagwinder Singh, advocate lodged the first
information report on October 1, 1992 in the following words :- "On
25.9.92 at about 6.30 A.M. myself, my husband, daughter and two sons and
daughter were present in the house. I was standing near the door, a gypsy blue
in colour came from the city side in which some persons in uniform were sitting
and stopped in front of door of our house. One person with two stars on his
shoulders, height about 5'-8" alighted from the gypsy and asked about my
son Jagwinder Singh @ Happy who is practising lawyer at Jalandhar. I replied
that he is present in the house and entered the house to call him. The person
wearing two stars alongwith two other men in uniform immediately followed me. I
introduced them with my son Jagwinder Singh. They said that he is called by
officers of staff. My son Jagwinder Singh asked that he would come himself to
the staff but they did not agree. Myself and Jagwinder Singh came out of the
house with them from where they took Jagwinder Singh towards city in the gypsy.
My husband also requested them that he will produce Jagwinder Singh in staff
but in vain. We kept on searching our son Jagwinder Singh at our own but could
not find any clue. My son Jagwinder Singh has been kidnapped by 5 sikh
uniformed persons and is kept some where. Today I was coming to lodge the report
alongwith my husband but you have met. Action be taken. The statement has been
heard which is correct. I can identify the persons on seeing them. My son has
been taken away with the intention to kill." We have carefully perused the
reply filed on behalf of the State of Punjab. It has been repeatedly stated in
the reply that efforts were made to trace Jagwinder Singh, advocate but he
could not be found. Finally Shri R.L. Bhagat, Superintendent Police
Headquarters came to the conclusion on February 10, 1993 that no clue was found
in spite of the best efforts made to trace Shri Jagwinder Singh, advocate and
as such untraced report was filed which was accepted by the Magistrate
concerned on September 8, 1993.
as the kidnappin of Shri Ranbir Singh Mansahia, advocate from Bathinda is
concerned, it is stated that case FIR No. 169 dated September 12, 1991 was
registered at police station kotwali Bathinda regarding the kidnapping of the
said advocate. It is repeatedly stated in the reply filed by the State of
Punjab that investigation was made by various officers from time to time to
trace Shri Mansahia but with no success. It is finally stated that on November
11, 1992 Inspector Harmel Singh, CID, Patiala wrote summary report and
recommended that untraced report be prepared in this case as no clue of Ranbir
Singh Mansahia, advocate came to light during investigation. Untraced report
was filed on December 26, 1992 which was accepted by the Chief judicial
Magistrate, Bathinda on December 24, 1994.
not satisfied with the reply filed by the State of Punjab. We are also not
satisfied with the cryptic orders of the concerned magistrate who accepted the
untraced reports. We are of the view that it is necessary to have further
investigation by an independent agency which is not under the influence of the
Punjab police and other authorities responsible for the law and order in the
State of Punjab. No citizen of this country much less the advocates who are
protectors of human rights can be permitted to be kidnapped and eliminated in
the manner it is alleged. In any case we are unable to accept the version of
the State of Punjab that the State machinery including the Punjab police is not
in a position to trace the culprits responsible for the kidnapping of the advocates.
therefore, direct the CBI to investigate the kidnapping of Jagwinder Singh and Ranbir
Singh Mansahia, advocates and send a report to this Court within four months of
the receipt of this order. Copy of this order along with copy of paper-book be
sent to Director, CBI to appoint a senior officer to hold investigation/inquiry
into the kidnapping of the two above mentioned advocates and submit a report to
this Court within the specified time. We direct the Chief Secretary, Home
Secretary, Director General of Police, Punjab, the senior Superintendents of
Police in the district concerned and the Punjab police in general to render all
held and assistance to the CBI in conducting the investigations as directed by
of the view that the State of Punjab must provide security to all those
advocates who genuinely apprehend danger to their lives from militants/anti
social elements in the State of Punjab. If the request for security is
recommended by the district judge of the distric or the Registrar of the High
Court it may be treated as genuine and the State Government may consider the
writ petition is disposed of in the above terms.
Registry to place the report of the CBI before the Court as and when it is