State of Rajasthan & Anr Vs. Gopaldas  INSC
43 (13 January 1995)
Singh (J) Kuldip Singh (J) Hansaria B.L. (J) Kuldip Singh, J.:
1995 AIR 809 1995 SCC (2) 396 JT 1995 (1) 528 1995 SCALE (1)150
pay scales of government servants in the state of Rajasthan were revised with
effect from September 1,1981by The Rajasthan Civil Servants (Revised 529 Pay
Scales) Rules,1983 (the rules). The pay scale of upper Division Clerks (UDCs)
of subordinate) offices was revised under the Rules from Rs. 385-650 called-
scale No (S-9) to Rs.520-925 (revised s-9). The existing pay-scale of Rs.440-
775 called scale No. 10 (S- 10) in respect of UDCs of Secretariat was revised
to that of Rs. 6101090 (revised S- 10). The UDCs of the subordinate offices
represented before the Government that there was no justification for denying
them the higher pay-scale which was being given to the UDCs of Secretariat. The
state Government accepted the representation and by the notification dated January 23, 1985 granted revised S-10 to the UDCs of
the subordinate offices with effect from February 1, 1995. Gopaldas, respondent in the appeal
herein who was working as UDC in a subordinate office, field a writ petition
before the Rajasthan High Court seeking a direction to the State Government to
grant him the revised S-10 with effect from September 1, 1981 instead of February 1, 1985. The High Court by the judgement
dated December 21, 1988 allowed the writ petition and
directed the state Government to grant revised S-10 to the UDCs of the
subordinate offices with effect from September 1, 1981. This appeal by the state of
Rajasthan is against the judgement of the Rajasthan High Court.
main contention of the respondent before the High Court was that after coming
into force of the High Court was that after coming into force of the Rules the
State Government issued notifications from time to time during the years 1984/
85 revising pay scales of different cardes in other departments of the State
Government whereunder the revision was made operative with effect from
September 1, 1981. The precise contention was that the respondent and other UDCs
of subordinate offices were dealt with discrimiinately in the sense that the
pay rivision in respect of other departments made during the years 1984/85 was
done with effect from September
1,1981 whereas the UDCs
of subordinate offices were given revised S-10 with effect from February 1,1985. Reliance was placed on fourteen
notifications relating to other departments of the state of Rajasthan issued
during the years 1984/85 whereunder the revised pay-scales were given with
effect from September 1,1981. The High Cowl accepted the
contention and allowed the writ petition solely on the ground of
Gupta,learned counsel appearing for the State of Rajasthan,has vehemently
contented that the High Court fell into patent error in accepting the plea of
discrimination for which there was no factual basis.
to him the notifications relied upon by the High Court were issued under
different circumstances and were not at all relevant to the face of the present
case. Those were die cases where certain categories of employees were not
included in the general pay revision provided under the Rules. According to Mr.Gupta
the categories of employees, who were left out from the general pay revision
under the Rules,were given the revised pay-scales for the first time and such
it was necessary to grant them the pay revision with effect from September 1,
1981 to bring them at par with the employees who were governed by the Rules.On
the other hand so far as the UDCs of subordinate offices are concemed, they
were governed by the Rules and they were given the revised S-9 under the Rules.
It 530 was neither a case of left-out category of employees nor the re-revision
of the payscale. What was done by the notification dated January 23,1985 was that the UDCs of subordinate
offices were brought at par with the UCs of the Secreteriate and they were
revised S-10 in place of revised S-9 with effect February 1,1985. We see considerable force in the contention raised by Mr.Gupta.
He has taken us through the notifications relied upon by the High Court. It
would be useful to briefly deal with the said notifications.
dated January 20,1984 related to the various posts
including Junior Analytical Assistant and junior Com- pounders/Nurses in the Ayurvedic
Department. There were two existing pay-scale with reference to the existing
pay scale of Rs. 470-830 was revised to Rs.640-1180; but no revised pay-scale
of Rs. 355-570 was prescribed under the Rules.
the notification providing for a revised payscale Rs.355-570 was issued with
effect from September
there were two pay-scales in the carde of junior Compounders and Nurses.
Revised payscale was provided under the Rules in respect of one scale,but there
was no provision in respect of the second pay-scale. The notification dated
January 20, 1984 thus provided revised pay-scales for the left out catagories
of employees mentioned in the notification relating to the Ayurvedic Department
were those were left out of the general revision of the pay-scales un- der the
Rules and as such it became necessary to make provisions for them by the subsequent
notifications and making the operative with effect from September 1, 1981.
dated June 7,1984 relied upon by the High Court related to the State
Enterprises Department. There were two existing pay-scales in the cardre of
Technicians Grade 11 in the said department. Higher pay scale was for those who
were III qualified and lower grade for non III qualified. The Rules did not
make any provision for the lower pay-scale and as such the State Government
issued the notification revising the lower pay-scale with effect from September
is not necessary for us to burden this judgement by giving details of all the
notifications relied upon by the High Court. As mentioned above, Mr.Gupta has
taken us through the notifications discussed by us. In a nutshell, the
employees dealt with by the fourteen notifications, relied upon by the High
Court, were left out of the pay- revision and in respect of whom no provision
was made under the Rules.
Rules providing for the revised pay-scales were made by the State Government as
a result of the recommenda- tion of the pay commission which was headed by Mr.B.P.Beri,
a former chief justice of the Rajasthan High Court. In the process of
consideration of the recommendations of the Pay Commission, and its
implementation, the likelihood of various anomel ie and is normally appointed
to straighten the discrepancies and deal with the omissions which might come to
the notice of the Government after the initial process of pay revision. This
was precisely what was done by the State of Rajasthan by issuing the fourteen notifications relating to different departments
whereunder the revised pay-scales, which could not be included under the Rules,were
provided and enforced. So far as the notification dated February 23, 1985
relating to the 531 UDCs of subordinate offices is concerned, it was not with a
view to remove any anomaly or to make any provision for a category which was
left out of the Rules. It was a notification issued as a result of the
acceptance of the demand of the UDCs of the subordinate offices for grant of
higher pay-scale which was given to their counterparts in the Secretariat. The
High Court failed to appreciate that the factual basis for issuing the
notification dated January
23, 1985 and the
fourteen notifications relied upon by the High Court was entirely different. No
fault could be found with the notification dated January 23, 1985 and the State Government and other UDCs of subordinate
offices with effect from February
allow the appeal, set aside the impugned judgement of the High Court and
dismiss the writ petition field by Gopaldas.No costs.
of Rajasthan v Nandlal Singh and Ors. Civil
Appeal No. 695 of 1995 (Arising out of SLP(C) No. 7468/93) ORDER 9. Special leave
have today pronounced judgment in Civil Appeal No. 3528 of 1991 The State of
Rajasthan and Anr. v Gopaldas.
the reasons and conclu sions reached by us in Gopa&as's case we allow the
appeal and set aside the im pugned judgment of the High Court.
of Rajasthan & Ors. v Krishan Kant Tiwari Civil Appeal No. 696 of 1995
(Arising out of SLP(C) No. 13848/94) ORDER 11. Special leave granted.
have today pronounced judgment in Civil Appeal No. 3528 of 1991 The State of
Rajasthan and Anr. v. Gopaldas.
the reasons and conclusions reached by us in Gopaldas's case, we allow the
appeal and set aside the impugned judgment of the High Court.